Difference between revisions of "Korean syllabary"

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(Created page with "Korean syllables {| |- || ===자음 [子音]:=== ㄱ ㄲㄴ ㄷ ㄸ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅃ ㅅ ㅆ ㅇ ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ || || ===모음 [母音]:=== ㅏㅐㅑ...")
 
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Korean syllables
 
Korean syllables
 
  
 
{|   
 
{|   
|- 
 
|| ===자음 [子音]:===
 
 
ㄱ ㄲㄴ ㄷ ㄸ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅃ ㅅ ㅆ ㅇ ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
 
||
 
 
 
|| ===모음 [母音]:===
 
 
ㅏㅐㅑㅒ ㅓㅔㅕㅖㅗㅘㅙㅚㅛ ㅜㅝㅞㅟㅠㅡㅢ ㅣ
 
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| '''자음''' (子音):      || ㄱ ㄲㄴ ㄷ ㄸ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅃ ㅅ ㅆ ㅇ ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
 +
|-
 +
| '''모음''' (母音): || | ㅏㅐㅑㅒ ㅓㅔㅕㅖㅗㅘㅙㅚㅛ ㅜㅝㅞㅟㅠㅡㅢ ㅣ
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 20: Line 12:
  
  
 +
== ㄱ ==
  
 +
;가 :
  
== ㄱ ==
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 가|| 가지 eggplant; 가시 thorn, prickle; fish bone;
 +
|-
 +
|각 || 각(도) angle (角)<nowiki>; 각주 </nowiki>footnote
 +
|-
 +
|간 || liver
 +
|-
 +
|갈|| 릴매기 gull; <br> 갈색 brown; 갈다 grind, sharpen
 +
|-
 +
|감|| persimmon; feel, feeling; 감자 potato <br> 감다| close (eyes); wind (up), coil
 +
|-
 +
|갑|| 갑 case, box, packet; e.g., 지갑 wallet, coin purse<nowiki>; 장갑 glove</nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|값|| price, worth, value
 +
|-
 +
|갓|| fresh, brand new, e.g., 갓난 아기 infant; bamboo / horsehair hat, e.g., 삿갓<span style="color:#0034ac;">: :</span>
 +
|-
 +
|강|| river; strong
 +
|-
 +
|갖|| 갖다, 갖은 prepare, be equipped w.; (have) all kinds of, every, complete
 +
|-
 +
|같|| 같이, 같다
 +
|-
 +
|개|| dog; open
 +
|-
 +
|갱|| gang(ster)
 +
|-
 +
|객|| guest
  
===가 ===
+
|}
  
가지 eggplant; 가시 thorn, prickle; fish bone
 
  
각 각(도) angle [角]<nowiki>; 각주 </nowiki>footnote
+
;거:
  
간 liver
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 거||거북기 turtle; 거울 mirror;
 +
|-
 +
|걱||  주걱 spatula, rice paddle; 걱정 (하다) worry, anxiety;
 +
|-
 +
|건|| 소건 towel; 건 dry; build, establish
 +
|-
 +
|걷|| 걷다 walk
 +
|-
 +
|걸|| 걸레 rag mop (대걸레, 자루걸레); Schlampe; 걸다 / 걸리다
 +
|-
 +
|검|| 검다, 검은색 black
 +
|-
 +
|겁|| fear, cowardice, fright, timid (겁나다) (怯 qiè)
 +
|-
 +
|것|| 것 thing; -것댜 tag Q; I think/suppose
 +
|-
 +
|겆|| -
 +
|-
 +
|겉|| surface, face, exterior, outer, right side; unhulled grain
 +
|-
 +
|게 || crab
 +
|-
 +
|겨|| 겨 grain/rice husks/hulls, chaff, bran; 겨울 winter겨드랑이 armpit
 +
|-
 +
|격|| frame; class; case (gram.) (格 gé
 +
|-
 +
|겪|| 겪다 experience, undergo
 +
|-
 +
|견|| 견과 nut;애견 pet (犬quǎn); 견인 to tow (car) (牵引 qiānyîn)
 +
|-
 +
|겯||  -
 +
|-
 +
|결|| knot, tie, bind (結 jié); grain, texture; disposition, temper; decide 決 (결정~); 결혼~ marry
 +
|-
 +
|겹|| layer
 +
|-
 +
|겻|| -
 +
|-
 +
|경|| mirror, -scope (鏡jìng); scriptures, classics
  
갈릴매기 gull;
+
|}
  
색 brown; 갈다 grind, sharpen
 
  
감persimmon; feel, feeling; 감자 potato
 
  
다 close (eyes); wind (up), coil
 
  
갑갑 case, box, packet; e.g., 지갑 wallet, coin purse<nowiki>; 장갑 glove</nowiki>
+
;고:
  
값price, worth, value
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 고|| 고릴라 gorilla; 고양이 cat; 고 warehouse, storage (庫kù)
 +
|-
 +
|곡|| 곡 valley (zh); 곡식 grain;
 +
|-
 +
|곤|| 곤돌라 gondola; 곤봉 club, cudgel; 곤색 navy, dark blue
 +
|-
 +
|곧|| 곧다 be straight (length), upright;곧 soon
 +
|-
 +
|골|| valley; goal (sports) 시골 countryside
 +
|-
 +
|곰|| bear
 +
|-
 +
|곱|| 곱창 fried intestines; 봅셈, 곱다 multiplication; <br>곱다 beautiful, pretty, lovely, nice; warm / kind(-hearted), good-natured; soft, smooth; numb (from cold)
 +
|-
 +
|곳 || place, spot, seat
 +
|-
 +
|공|| ball; peacock (공작, 孔雀); zero
 +
|-
 +
|곶|| 곶감 dried persimmon
 +
|-
 +
|과|| fruit; past, pass, cross (過)
 +
|-
 +
|곽|| city wall (郭 guō); outer coffin (槨 guǒ);
 +
|-
 +
|관|| tube, pipe; (public) building;
 +
|-
 +
|광|| shine, brightness; wide, broad
 +
|-
 +
|괴|| strange괴롭다 painful, distressing, hard; awkward
 +
|-
 +
|굉|| 굉장~ wonderful, great, amazing, magnificent, excellent; 굉 (宏 hóng) great
 +
|-
 +
|교|| teach(ing), school; bridge
 +
 +
|}
  
갓fresh, brand new, e.g., 갓난 아기 infant; bamboo / horsehair hat, e.g., 삿갓<span style=="color:#0034ac;">=== ===</span>
+
;:
  
강river; strong
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 구|| 구름 cloud; mouth, hole (구멍)<nowiki>; nine; </nowiki>구슬 marble
 +
|-
 +
|국|| soup; nation
 +
|-
 +
|군|| military, soldier
 +
|-
 +
|굳|| 굳다 hard, stiff, strong; tight; solemn
 +
|-
 +
|굽|| 굽다 roast, grill, barbecue (ㅂ→Ø); 굽다 curve, bend, crooked (ㅂ↛Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|굿|| 굿 shamanistic ritual or exorcism
 +
|-
 +
|굴|| oyster; cave, tunnel (동굴)
 +
|-
 +
|굵|| 굵다, 굵은, 굵기 thick (e.g., liquid); big, fat, deep, large, stout (ㄹ=Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|궁|| palace 宮;
 +
|-
 +
|권|| volume, book, document, ticket 卷
 +
|-
 +
|귀|| ear; 귀뚜라미 cricket
 +
|-
 +
|규|| 규소 silicon; regulation, scale, rule, pattern (規 guí)
 +
|-
 +
|균|| germ, virus (菌 jūn), 균류 fungus
 +
|-
 +
|귤|| clementine
 +
 +
|}
  
갖갖다, 갖은 prepare, be equipped w.; (have) all kinds of, every, complete
 
  
같같이, 같다
+
;그:
  
개dog; open
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 그|| 그내 swing; 그릇 bowl, dish, plate, container; 그림 painting, picture; 그리다 draw, paint;
 +
|-
 +
|극|| drama; pole, extreme
 +
|-
 +
|근|| root 根; muscle (筋 jīn)
 +
|-
 +
|글|| writing, composition; letter, character
 +
|-
 +
|긁|| 긁다 scratch, claw, scrape; scrape, gather up
 +
|-
 +
|금|| gold
 +
|-
 +
|급|| sharp (e.g., curve); class, grade; urgent, fast 급~ urgent, pressing; (急 jí) anxious, urgent, priority
 +
 +
|}
  
갱gang(ster)
 
  
객guest
+
;기:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 기 || 기린 giraffe; 기 machine (기계)
 +
|-
 +
|긴|| tense, tight (緊jǐn);긴장 (緊張) nervous, tense; long
 +
|-
 +
|김|| seaweed laver
 +
|-
 +
|길|| road
 +
|-
 +
|깊|| 깊다 deep (e.g., water); bottomless, remote, isolated; profound; bad, serious
 +
 +
 +
|}
  
===거===
 
  
거북기 turtle; 거울 mirror;
+
== ㄲ  ==
  
걱 주걱 spatula, rice paddle; 걱정 (하다) worry, anxiety;  
+
;까:
  
건소건 towel; 건 dry; build, establish
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 까|| 까치; 까마귀 crow; 까다 peel, husk, crack; 까다롭다 difficult, fussy 까맣다 black; complete (까만게)
 +
|-
 +
|깐|| 잠깐 for a short time
 +
|-
 +
|깍|| 깍두기 cubed radish kimchi
 +
|-
 +
|깎|| 깎이 sharpener, peeler, e.g., 연필깎이, 손톱깎이; 깎다 peel, shave, cut, sharpen; discount
 +
|-
 +
|깔|| 깔때기 funnel;깔다 spread, stretch, lay out (by layering, in layers) (e.g., carpet; sitting); pave, cover깔끔~ neat, tidy
 +
|-
 +
|깜|| 깜짝 startled, shock; 깜박 blink
 +
|-
 +
|깝|| 아깝다 regrettable, pitiable; precious, dear, worthy 가깝다 near(by), close 깝- frivolous(ly), e.g., 깝신거리다 act thoughtlessly, frivolously
 +
|-
 +
|깡|| 깡통 tin can
 +
|-
 +
||| 깨sesame; 깨끗~ clean깨다 wake up, awake; sober up; break, smash;
 +
|-
 +
|깽|| 깽깽 moan, whimper (onom.)
 +
 +
|}
  
걷걷다 walk
 
  
걸걸레 rag mop (대걸레, 자루걸레); Schlampe; 걸다 / 걸리다
 
  
검검다, 검은색 black
+
;꺼:
  
겁fear, cowardice, fright, timid (겁나다) [怯 qiè]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 꺼|| 꺼내다 take / pull / bring out, remove
 +
|-
 +
|꺾|| 꺾다 break, snap off; fold; turn, bend ()꺾쇠 clamp, cramp iron
 +
|-
 +
||| 껌gum
 +
|-
 +
|껍|| 껍데기 shell (e.g., mollusk, nut), skin, rind, crust, husk껍질 peel, rind, bark, skin, hull, shell
 +
|-
 +
| 껏|| with all possible _; as far/much as possible, to the utmost, as hard as one can (e.g., 힘껏)
 +
|-
 +
||| 껑뚜껑 lid
 +
|-
 +
|께|| DAT-HON.; -께 about, around
  
것것 thing; -것댜 tag Q; I think/suppose
+
 +
|}
  
 
  
겉surface, face, exterior, outer, right side; unhulled grain
+
;꼬:
  
게 crab
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 꼬|| 꼬막 cockle (shellfish); 꼬치 skewered meat 꼬다 twist, bend; 꼬리 tail꼬끼오 rooster sound
 +
|-
 +
|꼭|| 꼭지 tap, faucet; <br>exactly, precisely, just; firmly, tightly, fast; surely, by all means;
 +
|-
 +
|꼴|| fodder; shape, form; personal appearance, countenance
 +
|-
 +
|꼼|| 꼼꼼~ meticulous, precise, exact; 꼼치 grassfish, snailfish
 +
|-
 +
|꼿|| -
 +
|-
 +
|꼽|| 꼽다 to count (on fingers), mention
 +
|-
 +
|꽁|| end, tail; 꽁초 end, butt (e.g. cigarette);꽁치 mackerel pike
 +
|-
 +
|꽂|| 꽂이 stand, rack, shelf꽂다 stick in/thru s.t., insert
 +
|-
 +
|꽃|| flower
 +
|-
 +
|꽈|| -
 +
|-
 +
|꽝|| 우스꽝스럽다 ridiculous, funny
 +
|-
 +
| 꽉|| tightly, fast, firmly; fully, close, compact (fill)
 +
|-
 +
|꽤|| quite, pretty
 +
|-
 +
|꾀|| 꾀다 to tempt, allure, entice, seduce 
 +
 +
|}
  
겨겨 grain/rice husks/hulls, chaff, bran; 겨울 winter겨드랑이 armpit
 
  
격frame; class; case (gram.) [格 gé
 
  
겪겪다 experience, undergo
 
  
견견과 nut;애견 pet [犬quǎn]; 견인 to tow (car) [牵引 qiānyîn]
+
;꾸:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 꾸|| 꾸다 dream꾸미다 decorate; invent, fabricate
 +
|-
 +
|꾼|| one occupied / engaged with, e.g., 사양꾼 hunter
 +
|-
 +
|꿀|| honey
 +
|-
 +
|꿇|| 꿇다 kneel (down)
 +
|-
 +
|꿈|| dream
 +
|-
 +
|꿩|| pheasant
 +
|-
 +
|뀌|| -
 +
|-
 +
|꿰|| 꿰다 to thread, to pass/run thru
  
결knot, tie, bind [結 jié]; grain, texture; disposition, temper; decide 決 [결정~]; 결혼~ marry
+
 +
|}
  
겹layer
+
  
 
 
경mirror, -scope [鏡jìng]; scriptures, classics
 
  
 +
;끄 :
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 끄|| 끄다 put out, extinguish, turn off부끄럽다 shy; ashamed, shameful, embarrassed 시끄럽다 noisy, loud
 +
|-
 +
|끈|| string, cord (e.g., shoelace)
 +
|-
 +
|끊|| 끊다 turn off, cut off, sever; abstain from, stop, hang up
 +
|-
 +
|끌|| chisel; 끌다 drag, pull, haul; prolong; draw
 +
|-
 +
|끓|| 끓다 boil (차), 끓이다 (타)
 +
|-
 +
|끔|| 끔벅~ flicker, waver, twinkle; wink, blink;끔짝~ terrible, awful 라끔 sometimes, occasionally
 +
|-
 +
|꼽|| 꼽등이 camel/cave cricket
 +
|-
 +
|끗|| 끗수 points, score; 깨끗~ clean
 +
|-
 +
|끝|| end, finish; 끝나다
 
   
 
   
 +
|}
  
===고===
 
  
고릴라 gorilla; 고양이 cat; 고 warehouse, storage [庫kù]
 
  
곡계곡 valley [zh]; 곡식 grain;  
+
;끼:
  
곤곤돌라 gondola; 곤봉 club, cudgel; 곤색 navy, dark blue
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 끼|| 끼니 (small) meal; 끼다 insert, wrap, pull over/on, wear, put on; hold in arms;  
  
곧곧다 be straight (length), upright;곧 soon
+
|}
  
골valley; goal (sports) 시골 countryside
 
  
곰bear
+
== ㄴ  ==
  
곱곱창 fried intestines; 봅셈, 곱~ multiplication;
+
:나:
  
곱다 beautiful, pretty, lovely, nice; warm / kind(-hearted), good-natured; soft, smooth; numb (from cold)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 나|| 나비 butterfly; 나방 moth; 나무 tree;
 +
|-
 +
|낙|| 낙타 camel; (樂) fall(ing)
 +
|-
 +
|난|| naan; 난초 orchid
 +
|-
 +
|날 || blade; 날다 to fly
 +
|-
 +
|낡|| 낡다 old (objects, cf. 늙-); shabby, old-fashioned, obsolete (ㄹ=Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|남 || male; south; 남다 remain
 +
|-
 +
|납|| 납 lead (Pb); 사납다 wild, violent, fierce, aggressive; stormy
 +
|-  
 +
|낫|| 낫다 be better (than), superior; get better, get well, recover
 +
|-  
 +
|낭 || sack, purse, pouch (囊 náng)
 +
|-
 +
|낮|| day, daytime; 낮다 low, flat<nowiki>; humble</nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|낯|| face, countenance낯익다 familiar; 낯살다 unfamiliar
 +
|-
 +
|낱||  낱개 a piece, unit, item, each, individual
 +
|-
 +
|낳|| 낳다 give birth, bear; produce, yield
 +
|-
 +
|내|| inside, internal; 내다 give, put; hand in; pay; do s.t. thru, get s.t. done
 +
|-
 +
|냄|| 냄비 pot, pan; 냄새 smell
 +
|-
 +
|냉|| cold
 +
|-
 +
|냥|| 사냥~ hunt; 사냥꾼 hunter
  
곳 place, spot, seat
+
 +
|}
  
공ball; peacock [공작, 孔雀]; zero
 
  
곶곶감 dried persimmon
+
;너 :
  
과fruit; past, pass, cross [過]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 너|| 너구리 raccoon;너트 nut (mech.)
 +
|-
 +
|넉|| 넉넉~, 넉넉하게enough, sufficient
 +
|-
 +
|넋 || -
 +
|-
 +
|넌|| 넌더리 (나다) disgusted, fed up, sick of
 +
|-
 +
|널|| 널다 stretch, spread out, hang (out) (e.g., clothes); <br> 널(짠지) board, plank, shingle
 +
|-
 +
|넓 || 넓다 be wide, broad, roomy, spacious
 +
|-
 +
|넘|| 넘다 pass (over/thru) (spat./temp.), cross, go over/across; exceed, pass, go/be over넘치다 overflow, brim over넘기다 pass; pass / turn (over), hit over; turn (page) 넘어지다 fall (down), trip
 +
|-
 +
|넣 || 넣다 put s.t. in, fill
 +
|-
 +
|네|| 네온 neon; 네 yes; four; 네거 film negative
 +
|-
 +
|녀|| female
 +
|-
 +
|녘|| -
 +
|-
 +
|년 || year, age 
 +
|-
 +
|념|| think, thought, memorial
 +
|-
 +
| 녜 || -
  
곽city wall [郭 guō]; outer coffin [槨 guǒ];
+
|}
  
관tube, pipe; (public) building;
 
  
광shine, brightness; wide, broad
+
;노:
  
괴strange괴롭다 painful, distressing, hard; awkward
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 노|| old, elderly; 노란색, 로랗다 yellow; 노래 song
 +
|-
 +
|녹 || 녹색 green; 녹다 melt, dissolve, thaw; warm up
 +
|-
 +
|논||  discuss
 +
|-
 +
|놀||  놀다 play, relax, hang out w.
 +
|-
 +
|놈||  fellow (neg.)
 +
|-
 +
|놋|| 놋쇠 brass
 +
|-
 +
|농 || agricultural, farm
 +
|-
 +
|높|| 높다 be high
 +
|-
 +
|놓|| 놓다 lay, put, place; release, let go; keep
 +
|-
 +
| 놔|| -
 +
|-
 +
|놰 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뇌 || brain
 +
|-
 +
| 뇨||  -
  
굉굉장~ wonderful, great, amazing, magnificent, excellent; 굉 [宏 hóng] great
+
 +
|}
  
교teach(ing), school; bridge
 
  
  
===구===
 
  
구름 cloud; mouth, hole (구멍)<nowiki>; nine; </nowiki>구슬 marble
 
  
국soup; nation
 
  
군military, soldier
+
;누 :
  
굳굳다 hard, stiff, strong; tight; solemn
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 누|| 누룽지 crisped rice; 누나 older sister; 누르다 push, press; suppress 누구? who?
 +
|-
 +
|눅|| 눅다 fall, come, drop down; warm up; soft, limp; damp
 +
|-
 +
|눈|| eye; snow
 +
|-
 +
|눌|| 눌리다 (>눌다) be pressed down, oppressed, squished; burned, scorched
 +
|-
 +
|눕|| 눕다 lie down, recline
 +
|-
 +
| 눠||  -
 +
|-
 +
| 눼|| - 
 +
|-
 +
|뉘|| unhulled rice; paddy; 뉘앙스 nuance
 +
|-
 +
|뉴|| 뉴스; New York
  
굽굽다 roast, grill, barbecue [ㅂ→Ø]; 굽다 curve, bend, crooked [ㅂ↛Ø]
+
 +
|}
  
굿굿 shamanistic ritual or exorcism
 
  
굴oyster; cave, tunnel (동굴)
+
;느 :
  
굵굵다, 굵은, 굵기 thick (e.g., liquid); big, fat, deep, large, stout [==Ø]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 느|| 느릅나무 elm tree느끼하다 greasy, oily 느리다 slow, sluggish 느끼다 feel, find, sense, experience; 느낌 impression, feeling; -느라고 due to, because of (V-stem+~)
 +
|-
 +
|늑|| 늑대 wolf; 늑골 rib
 +
|-
 +
|는|| (topic / contrast marker)
 +
|-
 +
|늘 || 바늘 sewing needle, pin; 늘다 increase, improve; grow, gain, multiply; make progress; 를리다 lengthen, extend, stretch (e.g., a band); 늘 always, all the time
 +
|-
 +
|늙|| 늙다 be/grow old, age (persons, cf. 낡-) (: Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|늦|| 늦다 be late; slow, tardy, delayed
 +
|-
 +
|능 || able, ability; angle, edge
 +
|-
 +
| 늬|| -
  
궁palace 宮;
+
 +
|}
  
권volume, book, document, ticket 卷
 
  
귀ear; 귀뚜라미 cricket
+
;니 :
  
규규소 silicon; regulation, scale, rule, pattern [規 guí]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 니|| 니켈 nickel; 니코틴 nicotine
 +
|-
 +
|님 || VOC-HON.
  
균germ, virus [菌 jūn], 균류 fungus
+
 
 +
|}
  
귤clementine
 
  
 +
 +
== ㄷ ==
  
===그===
+
;다:
  
그내 swing;
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 다|| 다리 bridge; 다 many, much; 다치다 be hurt, wounded 다하다 run out; carry out, fulfill
 +
|-
 +
|닥|| 닥치다 shut up!
 +
|-
 +
|닦|| 닦다 clean, wipe, polish, wash
 +
|-
 +
|단|| 단팥; 단호박 pumpkin; 단무지 yellow radish; 단 step, section; single, unit;
 +
|-
 +
|닫|| 닫다 shut, close (door, shop); 닫히다 be closed
 +
|-
 +
|달|| moon; 달팽이 snail; 달다 sweet, sugary; hoist, hang (up), install, wear, put on; weigh
 +
|-
 +
|닳|| 닳다 wear out/off/down, be rubbed off/down
 +
|-
 +
|닭|| chicken
 +
|-
 +
|닮|| 닮다 resemble, look like
 +
|-
 +
|담|| 담 wall, fence, Mauer; phlegm, sputum; congestion; gallbladder; courage, pluck, nerves; converse, conversation <br>담|| 담다 put, fill, hold; 담기다 be in, be put in (stative), has, contain
 +
|-
 +
|답|| 답답하다 stuffy; 답다 be like, worthy of; 답reply;
 +
|-
 +
|닷|| 닷<nowiki>=다섯</nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|당|| 당나귀 donkey;sugar; hall; faction, party; 당근 carrot 당기다 pull s.t.
 +
|-
 +
|닻|| anchor
 +
|-
 +
|닿|| 닿다 touch, reach; come into contact w.; get to; arrive at, reach
 +
|-
 +
|대|| bamboo; belt; pole, stalk, stem, rod, cane; <br>great; opposite; facing; to treat대다 put, touch; (V+~) do s.t. extremely대하디 treat; concerning, about
 +
|-
 +
|댁|| residence, home (宅 zhái)
 +
|-
 +
|댐|| dam
 +
|-
 +
|댕|| 오댕
  
그릇 bowl, dish, plate, container; 그림 painting, picture; 그리다 draw, paint;
+
 +
|}
  
극drama; pole, extreme
 
  
근root 根; muscle [筋 jīn]
 
  
글writing, composition; letter, character
+
;더:
  
긁긁다 scratch, claw, scrape; scrape, gather up
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 더|| 더덕 (root); 더럽다 dirty; 더미, 산더미 pile, stack, heap of s.t.; 더하다 add (+); 더 more; 더운 hot, warm;
 +
|-
 +
|덕|| goodness, kindness, mercy, virtue 德
 +
|-
 +
|덖|| 덖다 parch, roast (beans, coffee); be stained w. dirt, soiled
 +
|-
 +
|던|| 던지다 throw, hurl, fling, cast, toss; vote; project-던 pluperfect, past habitual (?)
 +
|-
 +
|덜|| less, little, incompletely, insufficiently, half-덜다 subtract, deduct; decrease, lessen, ease, mitigate; 덜미 scrape/scruff of neck
 +
|-
 +
|덤|| extra, addition(al)
 +
|-
 +
|덥|| 덥다 be warm, hot
 +
|-
 +
|덧|| 덧붙이다 add; 덧대다 add, join, place, attach (one layer over another)
 +
|-
 +
|덩|| 덩이 lump, mass, clod
 +
|-
 +
|덫|| snare, trap (e.g., mousetrap)
 +
|-
 +
|덮|| 덮개 cover, bedspread, book cover; 덮다 to cover (i.e., wide, fully, extensively)
 +
|-
 +
|데|| 데다 be burned, burn oneself, scalded; bitter experience
 +
|-
 +
|덱 || deck
 +
|-
 +
|덴|| 덴마크 Denmark
  
금gold
+
 +
|}
  
급sharp (e.g., curve); class, grade; urgent, fast 급~ urgent, pressing; [急 jí] anxious, urgent, priority
 
  
  
===기===
+
;도:
  
기린 giraffe; 기 machine [기계]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 도|| 도토리 acorn; 도마 cutting board; 도마뱀 lizard;
 +
|-
 +
|독|| poison (毒 dú); reading; Germany; 독~ strong, pungent, potent; spiteful; firm, dogged
 +
|-
 +
|돈|| money
 +
|-
 +
|돋|| 돋다 come up, rise (sun); grow up, sprout (싹)
 +
|-
 +
|돌|| stone; collide; sudden; 돌다 turn around, rotate
 +
|-
 +
|돕|| 돕다 help, assist; relieve
 +
|-
 +
|동|| move: 동영상 video; 동작 move, movement; 동아리 club, society, group; ice (凍 dòng); winter; 동물 animal; <br>move; east; copper; same, together; move; building, street, block, village; reason, logic; bunch, load
 +
|-
 +
|돼|| 돼지 pig; > 되다
 +
|-
 +
|되|| back, again, repeated; <br> 되다 be done, finished, become; result in; come to; grow, thrive, prosper; consist of; able to do, will do; act as
 +
|-
 +
|된|| 뒨장 soybean paste
  
긴tense, tight [緊jǐn];긴장 [緊張] nervous, tense; long
+
 +
|}
  
김seaweed laver
 
  
길road
+
;두:
  
깊깊다 deep (e.g., water); bottomless, remote, isolated; profound; bad, serious
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 두||  tofu, soy; head; two, couple; 두루미 crane (bird)
 +
|-
 +
|둑|| bank, levee
 +
|-
 +
|둔 || blunt; dull, stupid (鈍 dùn)  
 +
|-
 +
|둘|| two; 둘째 second;
 +
|-
 +
|둥|| 둥지 nest; 둥글다, 둥근 round, spherical
 +
|-
 +
|뒤|| 뒤(쪽) back, rear; succession; later 못뒤다 bad, mean
 +
|-
 +
|됫|| 됫길 backstreet, byroad
 +
|-
 +
|듀|| -
  
 +
 
 +
|}
  
  
==  ㄲ  ==
 
  
===까===
+
;드 :
  
까치; 까마귀 crow; 까다 peel, husk, crack; 까다롭다 difficult, fussy 까맣다 black; complete (까만게)  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 드|| 드럼 drum; 드리다 offer, give, present;
 +
|-
 +
|득|| 가득 full; benefit, advantage, gain, interest, good, profit (得 dé); 가득~ crammed, full
 +
|-
 +
|든|| 든든~ reassured, reliable, confident; full -든() either...or, whether...or; any, -ever
 +
|-
 +
|듣|| 듣다 hear
 +
|-
 +
|들|| 들깨 perilla; 들판 field, wild;
 +
|-
 +
|들|| 들다 enter; cost; become; carry, lift
 +
|-
 +
| 듬|| -
 +
|-
 +
|등|| light, lamp; the back; class, grade
  
깐잠깐 for a short time
+
 +
|}
  
깍깍두기 cubed radish kimchi
 
  
깎깎이 sharpener, peeler, e.g., 연필깎이, 손톱깎이; 깎다 peel, shave, cut, sharpen; discount
+
;디 :
  
깔깔때기 funnel;깔다 spread, stretch, lay out (by layering, in layers) (e.g., carpet; sitting); pave, cover깔끔~ neat, tidy
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 디 D, disk
 +
 +
|}
  
깜깜짝 startled, shock; 깜박 blink
 
  
깝아깝다 regrettable, pitiable; precious, dear, worthy 가깝다 near(by), close 깝- frivolous(ly), e.g., 깝신거리다 act thoughtlessly, frivolously
 
  
깡깡통 tin can
+
==ㄸ ==
  
깨sesame; 깨끗~ clean깨다 wake up, awake; sober up; break, smash;  
+
;따 :
  
깽깽깽 moan, whimper (onom.)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 따|| 따다 pick, pluck; open, unlock; win, get, gain; 따갑다 prickly, hot, stinging; 따르다 follow; pour (in); 따로 separately, independently; 따뜻~ warm
 +
|-
 +
|딱|| 딱따구리 woodpecker;딱딱~ hard (texture), firm, stiff; 딱 w. bang, snap; positively, flatly; 딱지 scab; stamp, sticker
 +
|-
 +
|딴||  different
 +
|-
 +
|딸 || daughter
 +
|-
 +
|땀 || sweat
 +
|-
 +
| 땅 || ground, land, eath
 +
|-
 +
|때|| dead skin, dirt; time, moment;때리다 beat, hit; 때로 sometimes, occasionally;
 +
|-
 +
|땡|| clang, ring, bell sound
 +
|-
 +
|떄|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===꺼===
 
  
꺼내다 take / pull / bring out, remove
+
;떠 :
  
꺾꺾다 break, snap off; fold; turn, bend [타]꺾쇠 clamp, cramp iron
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 떠 || 떠나다 start out, leave, depart
 +
|-
 +
|떡 || 떡; 어떡하다
 +
|-
 +
|떤 || 어떤 which, what, how
 +
|-
 +
|떨 || 떨림 shaking (body, etc.), vibration; 떨다 shake, quiver, tremble; remove, shake off (떨내다); cf. 떨어지다 떨아지다 fall, drop; fail; run out;  
 +
|-
 +
|떫|| 떫다 astringent, puckery, bitter, sour
 +
|-
 +
|떳|| 떳떳~ honorable, blameless
 +
|-
 +
|떻|| 어떻다, 어떻게 how, like what
 +
|-
 +
|떼|| 떼다 take off, detach, pull off, remove;떼 group, swarm, crowd, throng, pack, flock, herd
 +
|-
 +
|뗘 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뗴 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
껌gum
 
  
껍껍데기 shell (e.g., mollusk, nut), skin, rind, crust, husk껍질 peel, rind, bark, skin, hull, shell
 
  
껏with all possible _; as far/much as possible, to the utmost, as hard as one can (e.g., 힘껏)
+
;또 :
  
껑뚜껑 lid
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 또 || also, again, and, too, both...and
 +
|-
 +
|똑 || 똑똑~ clever, bright, intelligent; 똑똑 (adv./onom.) knock; drip;똑 just, exactly, right
 +
|-
 +
|똥 || dung
 +
|-
 +
|똬|| -
 +
|-
 +
|뙈|| -
 +
|-
 +
|뙤|| -
 +
|-
 +
|뚀|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
께DAT-HON.; -께 about, around
 
  
  
===꼬===
+
;뚜:
  
꼬막 cockle (shellfish); 꼬치 skewered meat 꼬다 twist, bend; 꼬리 tail꼬끼오 rooster sound
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 뚜|| 뚜껑 lid; 메뚜기 locust, 귀뚜라미 cricket
 +
|-
 +
|뚝|| with a (heavy) snap, thud; suddenly, unexpectedly뚝뚝 onom.: raindrops 뚝배기 earthenware bowl
 +
|-
 +
|뚫|| 뚫다 to bore, drill (hole), penetrate
 +
|-
 +
|뚱|| 뚱뚱이 fatso, 뚱뚱~;  
 +
|-
 +
|뚱|| 엉뚱~ strange, odd, eccentric
 +
|-
 +
|뚸 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뛔 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뛰|| 뛰다 run, dash; jump, leap, skip, swing, beat뛰어나다 outstanding, good
 +
|-
 +
|뜀|| running
 +
|-
 +
|뜌||  -
 +
 +
 +
|}
  
꼭꼭지 tap, faucet;
 
  
exactly, precisely, just; firmly, tightly, fast; surely, by all means;
 
  
꼴fodder; shape, form; personal appearance, countenance
+
:뜨:
  
꼼꼼꼼~ meticulous, precise, exact; 꼼치 grassfish, snailfish
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 뜨||| 뜨다 float; float (by) (in air/water); rise, come (up); knit; leave, move on; scoop up, ladle out 뜨다 open (one’s eyes)뜨겁다 hot, burning
 +
|-
 +
|뜬 || floating, drifting
 +
|-
 +
|뜯|| 뜯다 tear off, pluck; bite, graze;
 +
|-
 +
|뜸|| moxibustion (Oriental medicine)
 +
|-
 +
|뜻 || meaning, intention, mind; 뜻~ mean, indicate, refer to;  
 +
|-
 +
|띄 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
꼿
 
  
꼽꼽다 to count (on fingers), mention
 
  
꽁end, tail; 꽁초 end, butt (e.g. cigarette);꽁치 mackerel pike
+
;띠 :
  
꽂꽂이 stand, rack, shelf꽂다 stick in/thru s.t., insert
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 띠|| belt, band, sash; zodiac sign 띠다 wear (belt)
  
꽃flower
+
|}
  
 
  
꽝우스꽝스럽다 ridiculous, funny
 
  
꽉tightly, fast, firmly; fully, close, compact (fill)
+
== ㄹ ==
  
꽤quite, pretty
+
;라:
  
꾀꾀다 to tempt, allure, entice, seduce
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 라|| 라면 ramen; 리마 lama; 라디오 radio
 +
|-
 +
|락||  락스bleach; fall, omit, scatter (낙, 落 luò); NP-락 말락 on the brink/verge of; NP-락 and, or (?) (correlative?)
 +
|-
 +
|란|| egg; order, chaos (난, 亂 luàn)-(이)란 as for X; is called, (das) heißt; NP~ that is, that (which is) is named/called; generic topic NP; XP~? was heißt? (PP > -(이)라고 하는)
 +
|-
 +
|람|| 람바다 lambada
 +
|-
 +
|랍|| 랍비 rabbi; 랍소디 rhapsody;
 +
|-
 +
|랑 || 신랑 bridegroom; (이)랑as for, and, with, etc. + topic 자랑 boast, brag, show off
 +
|-
 +
|랗|| 커다랗다 big, large, huge;동그랗다 round; (-을) 동그랗게 around
 +
|-
 +
|래|| come, coming오래다 long time
 +
|-
 +
|랭|| 랭크되다, 랭킹 rank; 랭 cool; 무말랭이 dried sliced radish
 +
|-
 +
|랴 || -
 +
|-
 +
|략|| 전략 strategy;abbreviate(d), summary, plan, simplify
 +
|-
 +
|량|| car, carriage, e.g., 차량 (輛 liàng);volume, quantity, amount, capacity, supply, to measure (量 liáng)涼 (liáng/liàng) cool; disappointed, discouraged; e.g., 황량~ bleak, desolate
  
 +
 +
|}
  
===꾸===
 
  
꾸다 dream꾸미다 decorate; invent, fabricate
+
;러:
  
꾼one occupied / engaged with, e.g., 사양꾼 hunter
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 러 || 러너 runner; 러닝 running race; 러닝머신 treadmill; 러시아 Russia -러 (purpose clause + motion verbs)
 +
|-
 +
|럭|| 럭비 rugby
 +
|-
 +
|런|| 런던 London; 런치 luncheon; 이런/그런 such, like, that kind of; 뉴런 neuron
 +
|-
 +
|럴|| 그럴듯~ plausible, specious; decent;
 +
|-
 +
|럼|| rum
 +
|-
 +
|럽|| 시럽 syrup; hunt, field, sports ( 獵 liè) -스럽다 seems, be like, suggest; -ish 더럽다 dirty
 +
|-
 +
|렁|| 지렁이 earthworm; 우렁이 freshwater snail; 설렁탕 oxtail soup;
 +
|-
 +
|렇|| 그렇다 (르래) so, such; true이렇다, 이렇게 like this, so저렇다 like that 누렇다 (golden/dirty) yellow; pale (sickly) yellow
 +
|-
 +
|레|| 레몬 lemon; 수레 wagon, cart, shopping cart, handcart, wheelbarrow
 +
|-
 +
|렌|| 렌즈 lens; 렌즈콩 lentil; 렌치 wrench;
 +
|-
 +
|려|| 고려 Goryeo dynasty; -려 be about to +V; -려나 I wonder +S-려고 in order to (+action verbs)
 +
|-
 +
|력|| 달력 calendar (曆 lì ); strength, power (力); experience (歷 lì)
 +
|-
 +
|련|| practice, train (연) 세련되다 refined, sophisticated
 +
|-
 +
|렬|| 강렬~ strong, intense, mighty; 렬 (烈 liè) strong, fierce
 +
|-
 +
|렴 || honest, moderate (염)
 +
|-
 +
|렵 || 어렵다 difficult, hard 두렵다 fearful, afraid, terrified;hunt, field, sports ( 獵 liè)
 +
|-
 +
|렷|| 뚜렷하다 clear, distinct, plain, evident, definite, obvious, apparent차렷 attention(!)
 +
|-
 +
|령|| 대통령 president; 고령 old age;neck, collar (領 lǐng); lead, command (영); Spirit
 +
|-
 +
|례|| rite, ceremony (禮lĭ) instance, case, example, usual (例lì)
  
꿀honey
+
 +
|}
  
꿇꿇다 kneel (down)
 
  
꿈dream
 
  
꿩pheasant
 
  
+
;로:
  
꿰꿰다 to thread, to pass/run thru
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 로|| 로켓 rocket; 路 road; 로마 Rome; 로비 lobby; 로커locker;
 +
|-
 +
|록|| green; minutes, record, register, diary (녹) (錄 lù)
 +
|-
 +
|론|| discuss
 +
|- 
 +
| 롤 || roll; 롤러 roller, squeegee
 +
|-
 +
| 롭-|| 롭다 characterized by 해롭다 harmful, bad 외롭다 lonely
 +
|-
 +
|롱 || play with (농); room salon (sic)
 +
|-
 +
|롸 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뢰 || depend on (e.g., 신뢰 faith) (賴lài)
 +
|-
 +
|뢔||  -
 +
|-
 +
|뢰|| thunder
 +
|-
 +
|료|| material (자료, 재료), estimate (料 liào); finish, achieve, understand (了) (수료)
 +
|-
 +
|룡 || 공룡 dinosaur
  
 +
 +
|}
  
  
  
 +
;루:-
  
===끄 ===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 루 || base (baseball); 루비 ruby; 지루하다 boring; bored; dull, tedious, tiresome 루주 rouge, lipstick; 루블 ruble
 +
|-
 +
|룩|| 거룩 holy, divine, sacred;
 +
|-
 +
|룰|| rule
 +
|-
 +
|뤄 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뤠 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뤼 || -
 +
|-
 +
|류|| stream, flow (流liú); kind, sort, style, type, manner, system; papers, documents
 +
|-
 +
|륙|| continent, land mass (陸)
 +
|-
 +
|륭|| 훌륭~ excellent, great, magnificent; great, grand, lofty; honorable, admirable (隆 lóng); 흥륭~ prosperity, prosper, flourish 
 +
 +
|}
  
끄다 put out, extinguish, turn off부끄럽다 shy; ashamed, shameful, embarrassed 시끄럽다 noisy, loud
 
  
끈string, cord (e.g., shoelace)
 
  
끊끊다 turn off, cut off, sever; abstain from, stop, hang up
+
;르 :
  
끌chisel; 끌다 drag, pull, haul; prolong; draw
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 그|| 그르다, 그름 wrong, incorrect; hopeless;다르다 different 흐르다 flow, run; 부르다 full푸르다 blue, azure, green 르네상스 Renaissance; 장르 genre
 +
|-
 +
|른|| 오른(쪽) right side
 +
|-
 +
|름|| 기름 oil
 +
|-
 +
|릎|| 무릎 knee
 +
|-
 +
|릐 || -
  
끓끓다 boil [차], 끓이다 [타]
+
 +
|}
  
끔끔벅~ flicker, waver, twinkle; wink, blink;끔짝~ terrible, awful 라끔 sometimes, occasionally
 
  
꼽꼽등이 camel/cave cricket
 
  
끗끗수 points, score; 깨끗~ clean
+
;리 :
  
끝end, finish; 끝나다
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 리|| 리모진 limo bus; 리마 콩 lima beans; 리본 ribbon
 +
|-
 +
|린|| 린스 rinse (hair)
 +
|-
 +
|림 || 삼림 forest; 아이스크림 ice cream
 +
|-
 +
|립|| 림 stand, establish (立); 그립다 long for, miss
 +
 +
 
 +
|}
  
  
===끼===
 
  
끼니 (small) meal; 끼다 insert, wrap, pull over/on, wear, put on; hold in arms;
 
  
  
 +
==ㅁ ==
  
==  ㄴ  ==
+
;마:
  
===나===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 마|| 마늘 garlic; 마을 village, hamlet; 마루 (wooden) floor; 마치다 end, finis
 +
|-
 +
|막|| end, last; desert; curtain; 막다 clog, block; stop, prevent; enclose,
 +
|-
 +
|맏|| firstborn
 +
|-
 +
|만|| (₩)10,000; full; only; bay, gulf
 +
|-
 +
|많|| 많이
 +
|-
 +
|맏 || first born, eldest
 +
|-
 +
|말|| horse; end; language, speech, word, talk; 말다 stop, skip, break off; roll (up)
 +
|-
 +
|맑|| 맑다 clear, clean, pure; sunny
 +
|-
 +
|맛|| taste, flavor
 +
|-
 +
|망|| net; 망치 hammer
 +
|-
 +
|맞|| 맞다 be correct, agree, fit; be hit, struck, beaten; get acupuncture (침); greet, welcome, receive; face a certain time; ...맞아 over, during
 +
|-
 +
|맡|| 맡다 smell, sniff at, sense; keep, take charge of, take on; be in charge; 맡기다 entrust, leave
 +
|-
 +
|매|| 매실 green plum; 매 sour plum; hawk; whip, rod, cane; sell, buy; 매미; 매다 tie, fasten, wear
 +
|-
 +
|맥|| 산맥 mountain range; 동맥 artery; 맥 vein (of ore); pulse
 +
|-
 +
|맨|| bare, unprotected, nothing but; the very, the most, at the very front; 맨션 mansion;
 +
|-
 +
|맵|| 맵다 spicy
 +
|-
 +
|맹|| blind; plain, bland
 +
|-
 +
|맺|| 맺다 tie (up), knot; bear (fruit); conclude, finish, close
  
나비 butterfly; 나방 moth; 나무 tree;
+
 +
|}
  
낙낙타 camel; [樂] fall(ing)
 
  
난naan; 난초 orchid
 
  
날 blade; 날다 to fly
+
;머:
  
낡낡다 old (objects, cf. 늙-); shabby, old-fashioned, obsolete [ㄹ==Ø]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 머|| 머리 head, hair;
 +
|-
 +
|먹|| eat, make, suffer; ink (中國, 인도)
 +
|-  
 +
|먼|| 먼지 dust; 먼저 first (of all); previously
 +
|-
 +
|멀|| 멀다 be far; 멀리 far away, distant
 +
|-
 +
|멈|| 멈추다 stop, halt
 +
|-  
 +
|멋|| a show, relish, taste; 멋싰다, 멋지다
 +
|-
 +
|멍|| 멍 bruise, contusion멍하다 blank, stupified멍멍 onom.
 +
 +
|}
  
남 male; south; 남다 remain
 
  
납납 lead [Pb]; 사납다 wild, violent, fierce, aggressive; stormy
 
  
낫낫다 be better (than), superior; get better, get well, recover
+
;메:
  
낭 sack, purse, pouch [囊 náng]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 메|| 메뚜기 locust; 메뉴 menu;메기 catfish; 메달 medal
 +
|-
 +
|멧|| 멧돼지 wild boar
 +
|-
 +
|며 || 며칠 what day?
 +
|-
 +
|멱 || -
 +
|-
 +
|면|| surface, face, side, aspect; noodle; cotton
 +
|-
 +
|멸|| destroy, exterminate
 +
|-
 +
|명|| name, famous; bright, clear; command
 +
|-
 +
|몇 || some, several; how many / much / far
 +
 +
|}
  
낮day, daytime; 낮다 low, flat<nowiki>; humble</nowiki>
 
  
낯face, countenance낯익다 familiar; 낯살다 unfamiliar
 
  
낱 낱개 a piece, unit, item, each, individual
 
  
낳낳다 give birth, bear; produce, yield
+
;모:
  
내inside, internal; 내다 give, put; hand in; pay; do s.t. thru, get s.t. done
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 모|| 모기 mosquito; rice spout, seedling; mother; angle (kr); 모으다 gather, collect (타), 모이다 (자)
 +
|-
 +
|목|| neck, throat; eye, item (目); wood, tree
 +
|-
 +
|몪|| 몪다 tie, bind
 +
|-
 +
|몬|| 몬순 monsoon
 +
|-
 +
|몰|| 몰다 steer, drive, chase, pursue, run after; to corner; charge, accuse w. crime; 몰 lack, sink (沒); 몰라요 > 모르다 not know
 +
|-
 +
|몸|| body
 +
|-
 +
|못|| nail, peg; callous, corn; pond, pool; 못~ cannot, not, incapable; poor; inferior 뭇지않다 not as X as, not inferior
 +
|-
 +
|몽|| dream
 +
|-
 +
|뫼|| grave, tomb
 +
|-
 +
|묘|| grave; mystery, wonder묘~ odd, strange
  
냄냄비 pot, pan; 냄새 smell
+
 +
|}
  
냉cold
 
  
냥사냥~ hunt; 사냥꾼 hunter
 
  
  
===너 ===
+
;무:
  
너구리 raccoon;너트 nut (mech.)  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 무|| radish
 +
|-
 +
|묵|| bean / grain jelly (e.g., 도토리묵);silent; 목다 old, antiquated; stop, lodge at
 +
|-
 +
|문|| 문 door; 문어 octopus letter, writing; question
 +
|-
 +
|묻|| 묻다 ask, question, inquire; smear, stain; bury, conceal, hide
 +
|-
 +
|물|| water; 물다 bite, sting; hold s.t. in one’s mouth; pay, repay
 +
|-
 +
|묽|| 묽다 watery; weak; thin
 +
|-
 +
|뭇|| bunch, bundle; various
 +
|-
 +
|뭉 || 뭉치다 (form a) mass, lump, mass; unite, stand, get together
 +
|-
 +
|뭐|| what
 +
 +
|}
  
넉넉넉~, 넉넉하게enough, sufficient
 
  
 
  
넌넌더리 (나다) disgusted, fed up, sick of
+
;므:
  
널널다 stretch, spread out, hang (out) (e.g., clothes);
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 므|| 므낫세 Manasseh
 +
|-
 +
|믜|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
널(짠지) board, plank, shingle
 
  
넓 넓다 be wide, broad, roomy, spacious
 
  
넘넘다 pass (over/thru) [spat./temp.], cross, go over/across; exceed, pass, go/be over넘치다 overflow, brim over넘기다 pass; pass / turn (over), hit over; turn (page) 넘어지다 fall (down), trip
 
  
넣 넣다 put s.t. in, fill
+
;미:
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 미|| 미나리 water dropwort / parsely; 미 beauty; taste; rice; 미치다 be/go crazy
 +
|-
 +
|믹|| 믹서 mixer
 +
|-
 +
|민|| people, tribe
 +
|-
 +
|믿|| 맏다 believe, trust; rely on
 +
|-
 +
|밀|| secret; 밀다 push
 +
|-
 +
|밉|| 밉다 detestable, hateful, odious
 +
|-
 +
|밋  || -
 +
|-
 +
|및|| and (also), both...and
 +
|-
 +
|밑 || bottom, below, lower, base, underneath; lower, subordinate
 +
 +
|}
  
네네온 neon; 네 yes; four; 네거 film negative
 
  
녀female
 
  
 
  
년 year, age
 
  
념think, thought, memorial
+
== ㅂ ==
  
+
;바:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 바|| 바나나 banana; 바퀴벌레 cockroach; <br> 바퀴 wheel; 바구니 basket; 바탕 background; 바라다 wish, desire; 바르다 apply, put on
 +
|-
 +
|박|| gourd; 박다 hammer, drive (into), ram
 +
|-
 +
|밖|| outside
 +
|-
 +
|반|| half; opposite
 +
|-
 +
|받|| 쓰레받기 dustpan; 받다 receive;
 +
|-
 +
|발|| foot, step; depart, rise> 바르다 upright; right, correct; cover, plaster, spread, apply, put on (topically)
 +
|-
 +
|밝|| 밝다 bright, light, brilliant, to dawn;밝히다 reveal, disclose; light
 +
|-
 +
|밟|| 밟다 step on
 +
|-
 +
|밤|| chestnut; night
 +
|-
 +
|밥|| rice
 +
|-
 +
|밧|| 밧줄 rope
 +
|-
 +
|방|| room; defend
 +
|-
 +
|밭|| (dry) field, farm
 +
|-
 +
|배|| pear; ship; belly
 +
|-
 +
|백|| white; 100; (양)배추 white cabbage
 +
|-
 +
|뱀|| snake
 +
|-
 +
|뱃|| 뱃> 배
 +
|-
 +
|뱅|| 뱅이
 +
|-
 +
|뱉|| 뱉다 spit (at/out)
  
===노===
+
 +
|}
  
old, elderly; 노란색, 로랗다 yellow; 노래 song
 
  
녹 녹색 green; 녹다 melt, dissolve, thaw; warm up
 
  
논 discuss
 
  
놀 놀다 play, relax, hang out w.
 
  
놈 fellow (neg.)
+
;버:
  
놋놋쇠 brass
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 버|| 버섯 mushroom; 버팔로 buffalo; 버릇 habit; manners; 버리다 throw away;
 +
|-
 +
|벅|| 벅차다 hard to manage, too much, beyond one’s power; full n
 +
|-
 +
|번|| 번개 lightning, thunderbolt; 번빵 bun;번 number, repeat; change, shift, alternate; MW iterations (番 fān)
 +
|-
 +
|벋|| -
 +
|-
 +
|벌|| 벌bee, wasp; 벌레 bug, worm;벌다 make, earn (money); 벌리다 open, spread (by pulling apart or separating)
 +
|-
 +
| 범 || 범인, 범죄자 criminal 표범 leopard; (범= tiger, tigress)
 +
|-
 +
|범|| 범하다 commit (error, mistake); <br>ordinary, common, mundane, temporal (평범~) (凡 fán); pan- (all), general; offense; pattern, master;
 +
|-
 +
|법|| law, rule, method
 +
|-
 +
|벗|| 벗다take off, remove, undress
 +
|-
 +
|벙|| 벙커 bunker; 벙어리 mute, speech-impaired; 벙벙~ stunned, dumbfounded
 +
|-
 +
|벚|| 벚꽃 cherry blossom; 벚나무 cherry tree
 +
|-
 +
|베|| 베다 rest, lay one’s head on; 베다 cut, slice, (e.g., finger), mow; (erg./passive/adversative)베개 pillow
 +
|-
 +
|밴|| van
 +
|-
 +
|뱅|| 뱅어 whitebait fish
  
농 agricultural, farm
+
 +
|}
  
높높다 be high
 
  
놓놓다 lay, put, place; release, let go; keep
 
  
+
;벼:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 벼|| rice plant; paddy
 +
|-
 +
|벽|| wall, partition; habit > 버릇
 +
|-
 +
|변|| 변하다 change, alter; 변 dung, feces; accident
 +
|-
 +
|별|| star; another, other, particular (别)
 +
|-
 +
|볍|| 볍씨 rice seed; 가볍다, 가볍게 light, simple, gentle, easy; frivolous(ly), careless; minor, mild
 +
|-
 +
|병|| bottle, jar; disease, sic
 +
 +
|}
  
뇌brain
 
  
 
  
  
  
  
 +
;보:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 보|| gem, jewel, precious stone (寶 bǎo); step, walk; <br>report; see; try; protect; beam, girder; assistant, supplementary
 +
|-
 +
|복|| 복숭아 peach; duplicate, copy (复 fù); clothes; blessing, fortune, happiness
 +
|-
 +
|볶|| 볶다, 볶음 stir -fry
 +
|-
 +
|본|| root, origin, base, model, pattern, main (本); V-본적 있다 experiential perfective
 +
|-
 +
|볼|| cheek
 +
|-
 +
|봄|| spring(time)
 +
|-
 +
|봉|| peak; envelope, paper packet (e.g., for medicine); serve, service, offering 한라봉 Hallasan citrus
 +
|-
 +
|봐 || 봐 > 보다
 +
|-
 +
|뵙|| 뵙다 see, meet (hon.)
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===누 ===
 
  
누룽지 crisped rice; 누나 older sister; 누르다 push, press; suppress 누구? who?
 
  
눅눅다 fall, come, drop down; warm up; soft, limp; damp
+
;부:
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 부|| 부추 chives; 부채folding fan; part (일부 some; 부분 piece) <br> skin (肤 fū); wealth, blessing, fortune, riches; father; part, section, department, division; unit; wife; vice-, attached to, supplement, addition; not 부르다 call, sing
 +
|-
 +
|북|| drum (Korean traditional); north;
 +
|-
 +
|분|| powder; a minute, divide, share, a division; one-tenth; anger;
 +
|-
 +
|불|| fire, light불다 blow; swell up (w. water), soaked
 +
|-
 +
|붉|| 붉다 red, crimson, scarlet (ㄹ=Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|붓|| 붓다 pour (in/into) (ㅅ→Ø);swell (up), become swollen
 +
|-
 +
|붕|| 붕소 boron; 붕어 carp; 부엉이 owl; 지붕 roof
 +
|-
 +
|붙|| 붙다 (자), stick to, adhere; 붙이다 (타) stick, adhere; pass (exam); stay close to; stay; join w.;  
 +
 +
|}
  
눈eye; snow
 
  
눌눌리다 (>눌다) be pressed down, oppressed, squished; burned, scorched
 
  
눕눕다 lie down, recline
 
  
+
;브:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 브|| 브레이크 brake
 +
|-
 +
|블|| 블라우스 blouse
  
뉘unhulled rice; paddy; 뉘앙스 nuance
+
 +
|}
  
뉴뉴스; New York
 
  
  
===느 ===
+
;비:
  
느릅나무 elm tree느끼하다 greasy, oily 느리다 slow, sluggish 느끼다 feel, find, sense, experience; 느낌 impression, feeling; -느라고 due to, because of (V-stem+~)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 비|| rain; compare, ratio, proportion; fat; broom, brush; 비다 empty, vacant, unoccupied 비치다 shine, be reflected; 비추다 shine, reflect
 +
|-
 +
|빈|| empty; guest
 +
|-
 +
|빌|| 빌리다 borrow, take a loan; 빌다 borrow; employ, use; pray, wish
 +
|-
 +
|빗|| comb; 빗자루 broom
 +
|-  
 +
|빙|| ice
 +
|-
 +
|빚|| debt, loan
 +
|-  
 +
|빛|| light, color; ~나다shine, sparkle
 +
 +
|}
  
늑늑대 wolf; 늑골 rib
 
  
는[topic / contrast marker]
 
  
늘 바늘 sewing needle, pin; 늘다 increase, improve; grow, gain, multiply; make progress; 를리다 lengthen, extend, stretch (e.g., a band); 늘 always, all the time
 
  
늙늙다 be/grow old, age (persons, cf. 낡-) [ㄹ: Ø]
 
  
늦늦다 be late; slow, tardy, delayed
+
== ㅃ ==
  
능 able, ability; angle, edge
+
;빠:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 빠|| 빠지다 deflate, drain, fall out; lose weight; sink; be absorbed, drowned; fall out, be dropped, be absent
 +
|-
 +
|빤|| (빤하다 = 뻔하다)
 +
|-
 +
|빨|| 빨다 suck (at/on); wash; 빨래; 빨리
 +
|-
 +
|빵|| bread
 +
|-
 +
|빼 || 빼다 pull out, subtract, remove, take out
 +
|-
 +
|뺘 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뺨|| cheek
 +
|-
 +
|뺴|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===니 ===
 
  
니켈 nickel; 니코틴 nicotine
 
  
님 VOC-HON.
+
;뻐:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 뻐|| 뻐꾸기 cuckoo; 기뻐~ rejoice, happy
 +
|-
 +
|뻔||  뻔하다 clear, plain, obvious
 +
|-
 +
|뻗|| 뻗다 spread, extend, stretch, reach out, (oneself, body; stative) (타/차)
 +
|-
 +
|볍|| 가볍다 light; ;simple; careless
 +
|-
 +
|뻥|| bang, pop
 +
|-
 +
|뻬 || -
 +
|-
 +
|뼈|| bone
 +
|-
 +
|뼤|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
  
==  ㄷ ==
 
  
===다===
 
  
다리 bridge; 다many, much; 다치다 be hurt, wounded 다하다 run out; carry out, fulfill
+
;뽀:
  
닥닥치다 shut up!
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 뽀|| 뽀뽀 kiss, peck (onom.)
 +
|-
 +
|뽑|| 뽑다 pull, draw, take out, extract (e.g., tooth, nail, tree); select, choose;
 +
|-
 +
|뽕|| mulberry; 뽕짝 = 트고트 trot music
 +
|-
 +
|뽜|| -
 +
|-
 +
|뽸|| -
 +
|-
 +
|뾔||  -
 +
|-
 +
|뾰|| 뾰족~ sharp, pointed; 뾰루지 skin rash, pimple
  
닦닦다 clean, wipe, polish, wash
+
 +
|}
  
단단팥; 단호박 pumpkin; 단무지 yellow radish; 단 step, section; single, unit;
 
  
닫닫다 shut, close (door, shop); 닫히다 be closed
 
  
달moon; 달팽이 snail; 달다 sweet, sugary; hoist, hang (up), install, wear, put on; weigh
+
;뿌:
  
닳닳다 wear out/off/down, be rubbed off/down
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 뿌|| 뿌리 root 뿌리다 spread, sprinkle; put on, apply
 +
|-
 +
|뿍|| 듬뿍 generously, liberally
 +
|-
 +
|뿔|| antler, horn; projection, tip; 코뿔소 rhino
 +
|-
 +
|뿨 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쀄 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쀠 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쀼 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
닭chicken
 
  
닮닮다 resemble, look like
 
  
담담 wall, fence, Mauer; phlegm, sputum; congestion; gallbladder; courage, pluck, nerves; converse, conversation
 
  
담다 put, fill, hold; 담기다 be in, be put in (stative), has, contain
+
;쁘:
  
답답답하다 stuffy; 답다 be like, worthy of; 답reply;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쁘|| 쁘띠 petit(e); 기쁘다 glad, happy; 바쁘다 busy
 +
|-
 +
|쁴|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
닷<nowiki>==다섯</nowiki>
 
  
당당나귀 donkey;sugar; hall; faction, party; 당근 carrot 당기다 pull s.t.
 
  
닻anchor
 
  
닿닿다 touch, reach; come into contact w.; get to; arrive at, reach
+
;삐:
  
대bamboo; belt; pole, stalk, stem, rod, cane;
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 삐|| 삐다 twist, sprain (injury)
 +
 +
|}
  
great; opposite; facing; to treat대다 put, touch; [V+~] do s.t. extremely대하디 treat; concerning, about
+
  
댁residence, home [宅 zhái]
 
  
댐dam
+
== ㅅ ==
  
댕오댕
+
;사:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 사|| 사자 lion; 사탕 candy; 사 sand; scholar; teacher; four 사다 buy
 +
|-
 +
|삭|| cut, subtract; 삭도(차) cable car
 +
|-
 +
|산|| mountain; calculate; umbrella
 +
|-
 +
|살|| flesh, skin, meat; kill; 살구 apricot;살다 be alive; live; reside; 살 age, years;(불) 사르다 burn, set on fire, make a fire
 +
|-
 +
|삶|| 삶 life; 삶다 boil, simmer, cook
 +
|-
 +
|삼|| three; hemp, flax (plant, cloth)
 +
|-
 +
|삽||  shovel, spade, scoop
 +
|-
 +
|상|| 상어 shark; table, bench; image; 上 top, above, ascend, supreme, upper;상상~ imagine
 +
|-
 +
|새|| bird; new
 +
|-
 +
|색|| color
 +
|-
 +
|생|| be born, life, living, raw; student생각~ think
 +
|-
 +
|샤|| 샤워하다
 +
|-
 +
|섀||  -
 +
 +
|}
  
===더===
 
  
더덕 (root); 더럽다 dirty; 더미, 산더미 pile, stack, heap of s.t.; 더하다 add (+); 더 more; 더운 hot, warm;
 
  
덕goodness, kindness, mercy, virtue 德
 
  
덖덖다 parch, roast (beans, coffee); be stained w. dirt, soiled
+
;서:
  
던던지다 throw, hurl, fling, cast, toss; vote; project-던 pluperfect, past habitual (?)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 서|| book, writing, document; west; public office;서다 stand; halt, stop
 +
|-
 +
|석|| stone; seat
 +
|-
 +
|섞|| 섞다 mix, mingle, blend, shuffle
 +
|-
 +
|선|| 선지 blood soup; 선인장 cactus; 선 ship, boat; first; line, cord; fresh; select, elect; 선물 gift, present
 +
|-  
 +
|설|| 설탕 sugar; 說 theory, explain, talk; establish (설명~);설거지 dishes (to wash), dish-washing
 +
|-
 +
|섬|| island, isle
 +
|-
 +
|섭|| 섭섭~ sorry, disappointed, regrettable;섭씨 Celsius 무섭다 scary, frightening ; scared, afraid 섭 take in, absorb, assimilate; act for; care for one’s health (攝 shè); to wade, be involved, concern, experience (涉shè)
 +
|-
 +
|섯 || halt! (mil.); 버섯 mushroom
 +
|-
 +
|성|| fortress; voice; star, planet; saint, holy; surname; anger, wrath; success성공~ succeed
 +
|-
 +
|세|| wash; tax; (힘) 세다 strong, powerful, vigorous, muscular; violent, sever, intense (e.g., forces)
 +
|-
 +
|세|| 세다 count, calculate
 +
|-
 +
|섹|| 섹시~ hot, sexy
 +
|-
 +
|셈|| calculation, sum
 +
|-
 +
|셔|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
덜less, little, incompletely, insufficiently, half-덜다 subtract, deduct; decrease, lessen, ease, mitigate; 덜미 scrape/scruff of neck
 
  
덤extra, addition(al)
 
  
덥덥다 be warm, hot
+
;소:
  
덧덧붙이다 add; 덧대다 add, join, place, attach (one layer over another)  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 소|| cow; small
 +
|-
 +
|속|| stomach, (the) inside, one’s insides, one’s heart; speed, speedy;속~ belong to
 +
|-
 +
|손|| hand
 +
|-
 +
|솔|| brush; to lead솔직~ honest, open
 +
|-
 +
|솜|| cotton
 +
|-
 +
|솟|| 솟다 gush, spring, spurt out; break froth; rise, tower, soar; 솟대 acrobat’s pole; ritual / festive dragon head pole
 +
|-
 +
|송|| pine; 송이 pine mushroom
 +
|-
 +
|솥|| clay / cast iron pot, caldron
 +
|-
 +
|솨
 +
|-
 +
|쇄|| 쇄골 collarbone, clavicle (鎖骨 suǒ lock (up))
 +
|-
 +
|쇠|| iron
 +
|-
 +
|쇼|| 쇼핑 shopping; 쇼크, 쇼캉하다 shock
 +
 +
|}
  
덩덩이 lump, mass, clod
 
  
덫snare, trap (e.g., mousetrap)
 
  
덮덮개 cover, bedspread, book cover; 덮다 to cover (i.e., wide, fully, extensively)
+
;수:
  
데데다 be burned, burn oneself, scalded; bitter experience
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 수|| water; hand; receive; guard
 +
|-
 +
|숙|| 숙주나물 mung bean sprouts; lodge; 기숙사 dorm
 +
|-
 +
|순|| 순두부찌개 tofu stew
 +
|-
 +
|숟|| 숟가락 spoon
 +
|-
 +
|술|| liquor, alcohol; tassel, tuft, fringe (e.g., 입술)skill, art, method, technique
 +
|-
 +
|숨|| 솜다, 숨기다 hide; 숨 breath, 숨쉬다 breathe
 +
|-
 +
|숫|| pure, innocent
 +
|-
 +
|숭|| 숭늉 = 누롱지 soup
 +
|-
 +
|숲||  forest
 +
|-
 +
| 숱|| thickness (hair); 숱하다 numerous, a lot
 +
|-
 +
|숴|| shoo!
 +
|-
 +
|쉐
 +
|-
 +
|쉬|| 쉬다 relax, rest; take a day off; breathe; be hoarse; go bad, spoil 쉬 = 小便
 +
|-
 +
| 쉰|| 쉰 fifty
 +
|-
 +
|쉽|| 쉽다 easy, simple
 +
|-
 +
|슈|| 슈퍼마트 
 +
 +
|}
  
덱 deck
 
  
덴덴마크 Denmark
 
  
 +
;스:
  
===도===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 스|| 스웨터 sweater
 +
|-
 +
|습|| study, practice; 습~ damp(ness), moist, wet, soggy 우습다 funny, humorous
 +
|-
 +
|슬|| 슬라이드 slide, transparency <br> 슬프다 sad, sorrowful; 슬퍼하다 be sad슬다 disappear, vanish; wither, wilt; rust
 +
|-
 +
|슴|| 슴베 handle, end (knife, farm tool), tool tang
 +
|-
 +
|슷|| 비슷다 similar, like, alike
 +
|-
 +
|승|| boarding; victory, win
 +
|-
 +
|싀|| -
 +
 +
|}
  
도토리 acorn; 도마 cutting board; 도마뱀 lizard;
 
  
독poison [毒 dú]; reading; Germany; 독~ strong, pungent, potent; spiteful; firm, dogged
 
  
돈money
+
;시:
  
돋돋다 come up, rise (sun); grow up, sprout ()
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 시|| 시금치 spinach time; city, market; test, try; poetry시다 sour;
 +
|-
 +
|식|| food, eat; style, ceremony; plant; know, recognize
 +
|-
 +
|신|| kidney; believe; spirit; footwear, shoes; sour; god()신다 put on, wear (footwear)
 +
|-
 +
|싣|| 싣다 load (ㄷ→ㄹ)
 +
|-
 +
|실|| room; fruit; failure, mistake;
 +
|-
 +
|싫|| 싫다 hateful; hate, dislike
 +
|-
 +
|심|| heart, mind; deep; 심하다 bad, serious 심다 plant
 +
|-
 +
|십|| ten
 +
|-
 +
| 싱|| 싱싱~ fresh싱크 sink 싱겁다 bland 
 +
 +
|}
  
돌stone; collide; sudden; 돌다 turn around, rotate
 
  
돕돕다 help, assist; relieve
 
  
동move: 동영상 video; 동작 move, movement; 동아리 club, society, group; ice [凍 dòng]; winter; 동물 animal;
+
== ㅆ ==
  
move; east; copper; same, together; move; building, street, block, village; reason, logic; bunch, load
+
;싸:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 싸|| 싸다 cheap; wrap (up), pack 싸우다 fight, argue
 +
|-
 +
|싹|| shoot, spout; quite, completely
 +
|-
 +
|쌀 || ice
 +
|-
 +
|쌈|| lettuce wrap
 +
|-
 +
|쌍|| pair, twins, couple
 +
|-
 +
|쌓|| 쌓다 pile, stack, heap (up), accumulate;쌓이다 be stacked, pile up
 +
|-
 +
|쌔  || -
 +
|-
 +
|쌰 || -
 +
|-
 +
|썌 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
  
  
돼돼지 pig; > 되다
+
;써:
  
되back, again, repeated;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 써 || -
 +
|-
 +
|썩|| 썩다 rot, decay, decompose, go bad; be corrupt
 +
|-
 +
|썰|| 썰다 slice, , chop, cut (solid objects, e.g., meat, vegetables, food)썰렁~ chilly; empty, deserted; corny
 +
|-
 +
|썹|| 눈썹 eyebrow
 +
|-
 +
|쎄|| 글쎄 well, … (DM)
 +
|-
 +
|쎠 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쎼 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
되다 be done, finished, become; result in; come to; grow, thrive, prosper; consist of; able to do, will do; act as
 
  
된뒨장 soybean paste
 
  
 +
;쏘:
  
===두===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쏘|| 쏘다 shoot, fire (at); sting
 +
|-
 +
|쏟|| 쏟다 spill, pour; concentrate (on), devote o.s. to s.t.; pour out, vent;아지다 pour (자)
 +
|-
 +
|쏠|| 쏠다 lean toward, incline
 +
|-
 +
|쏴||  -
 +
|-
 +
|쐐|| 쐐기 wedge
 +
|-
 +
|쐬 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쑈 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
tofu, soy; head; two, couple; 두루미 crane (bird)
 
  
둑bank, levee
 
  
둔 blunt; dull, stupid [鈍 dùn]
+
;쑤:
  
둘two; 둘째 second;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쑤|| 쑤시다pick, poke; ache, throb, be sore
 +
|-
 +
|쑥|| mugwort
 +
|-
 +
|쒀 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쒜 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쒸 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쓔 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
둥둥지 nest; 둥글다, 둥근 round, spherical
 
  
뒤뒤(쪽) back, rear; succession; later 못뒤다 bad, mean
 
  
됫됫길 backstreet, byroad
+
;쓰:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쓰|| 쓰다 use, employ, spend; hire; spend; bitter; write; put on, wear쓰레기 trash
 +
|-
 +
|쓸||  쓸다 sweep; 쓸모 use, usefulness; 쓸개 gallbladder 쓸쓸~lonely, solitary
 +
|-
 +
|씌|| 씌우다 spread, cover, be spread (not covering widely or extensively, cf. 덮다), wear, put on (clothing articles)
  
 +
 +
|}
  
===드 ===
 
  
드럼 drum; 드리다 offer, give, present;  
+
;씨:
  
득가득 full; benefit, advantage, gain, interest, good, profit [得 dé]; 가득~ crammed, full
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 씨|| seed, pit
 +
|-
 +
|씬|| 날씬하다 slim, slender
 +
|-
 +
|씩-|| 씩 each, separately, apiece; 씩씩~ vigorous, energetic
 +
|-
 +
|씹|| 씹다 chew, bite; 씹 coīre, pudenda
 +
|-
 +
|씻|| 씻다 wash, rinse, cleanse
  
든든든~ reassured, reliable, confident; full -든(지) either...or, whether...or; any, -ever
+
 +
|}
  
듣듣다 hear
 
  
들들깨 perilla; 들판 field, wild
 
  
들다 enter; cost; become; carry, lift
+
== ㅇ(1: 아, 어) ==
  
+
;아:
  
등light, lamp; the back; class, grade
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 아|| 아몬드 almond; 아 child; 아기 baby, infant;
 +
|-
 +
|악|| 악어 crocodile; 악 evil, bad; music
 +
|-
 +
|안|| 안경 eyeglasses; 안다 hold, hug, embrace;
 +
|-
 +
|앉|| 앉다 sit, be seated
 +
|-
 +
|않|| 않다 not, do not
 +
|-
 +
|알|| (fish) egg, round object; 알다 know
 +
|-
 +
|앓|| 앓다 be sick, fall ill, suffer (from ~을)
 +
|-
 +
|암|| 암탉 hen;암 cancer; rock; female (animal); dark, secret;
 +
|-
 +
|압|| pressure; push, press
 +
|-
 +
|앗 || -
 +
|-
 +
|앙|| center (央 yāng); onom. (e.g., baby crying)
 +
|-
 +
|앞|| front, ahead
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===디 ===
 
  
D, disk
+
;애:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 애|| 애벌래 caterpillar
 +
|-
 +
|액|| amount ($), sum; liquid
 +
|-
 +
|앵 || 앵무새 parrot
 +
 +
|}
  
  
 +
;야:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 야|| wilderness, field; at night; 야~ racy, sexual
 +
|-
 +
|약|| medicine; promise; weak
 +
|-
 +
|얄|| 얄밉다 detestable, hateful; naughty
 +
|-
 +
|얇|| 얇다 thin, fine; flimsy;
 +
|-
 +
|얌|| 얌전~ well behaved, quiet, gentle, meek, clean, modest, obedient
 +
|-
 +
|양|| sheep; ocean, Western; bring up, care, nourish; both; quantity, amount
 +
|-
 +
|얕|| 얕다 shallow (depth)
 +
 +
|}
  
  
==  ㄸ ==
+
;얘:
  
===따 ===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 얘|| 얘기 > 이야기
 +
 +
|}
  
따다 pick, pluck; open, unlock; win, get, gain; 따갑다 prickly, hot, stinging; 따르다 follow; pour (in); 따로 separately, independently; 따뜻~ warm
 
  
딱딱따구리 woodpecker;딱딱~ hard (texture), firm, stiff; 딱 w. bang, snap; positively, flatly; 딱지 scab; stamp, sticker
 
  
딴 different
+
;어:
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 어|| 어치 jay (bird); 어fish; word, term, language어둡다 dark, gloomy어리다 young, little
 +
|-
 +
|억|| jade; 10<sup>8</sup><nowiki>; tough; press, suppress </nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|언|| words, talk; 언니 older sister; 언덕 hill; 언제 when, whenever
 +
|-
 +
|얹|| 얹다 lay, place (s.t.) on (s.t.), load (s.t.) with (s.t.)
 +
|-
 +
|얻|| 얻다 borrow; get, gain, win, take, acquire, achieve
 +
|-
 +
|얼|| 얼음 ice (얼다 freeze); 일굴 face, features, countenance, look 얼얼~ hot, burning, on fire (e.g., tongue)얼룩말 zebra; 얼룩 stain, smear, spot
 +
|-
 +
|얽|| 얽다 pitted; weave, tie up
 +
|-
 +
|엄|| severe, strict, stern; 엄마 mommy
 +
|-
 +
|업j|| ob, business, industry, calling, vocation, occupation, trade, profession
 +
|-
 +
|없|| 없다
 +
|-
 +
|엇|| cross, intersect, pass, alternate
 +
|-
 +
|엉|| 엉덩이 buttocks, hip
 +
|-
 +
|엊 ||  엊그제 a couple of days ago
 +
|-
 +
|엎|| 엎다 turn over / down, lay upside down
 +
 +
|}
  
딸 daughter
 
  
땀 sweat
+
;에:
  
땅 ground, land, eath
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 에|| at
 +
|-
 +
|엔|| 엔진 engine; yen
 +
 +
|}
  
때dead skin, dirt; time, moment;때리다 beat, hit; 때로 sometimes, occasionally;
 
  
땡clang, ring, bell sound
+
;여:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 여|| 여우 fox; female, woman; travel; 여름 summer; 여치 long-horned grasshopper, katydid;
 +
|-
 +
|역|| station; translate; opposite, reverse
 +
|-
 +
|연|| lotus; research; perform; year; kite; salmon<nowiki>; smoke</nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|열|| 열무 young/slender radish; line, row, file, column, queue (렬); heat, temperature; ten
 +
|-
 +
|엶|| 엶다 thin; light, pale; light color
 +
|-
 +
|염|| salt; inflammation; dye
 +
|-
 +
|엽|| leaf; 엽기 bizarre
 +
|-
 +
|엿 || taffy, wheat gluten
 +
|-
 +
|영|| 영양 antelope; 수영 swim;England; zero; glory; shadow; neck, collar; reflect, cinema, movie; order, command
 +
|-
 +
|옅|| 옅다 light, pale, faint
 +
|-
 +
|옆|| side
  
 +
 +
|}
  
===떠 ===
 
  
떠나다 start out, leave, depart
 
  
떡 떡; 어떡하다
 
  
떤 어떤 which, what, how
+
==어 ㅇ(2: 오, 우) ==
  
떨 떨림 shaking (body, etc.), vibration; 떨다 shake, quiver, tremble; remove, shake off (떨내다); cf. 떨어지다 떨아지다 fall, drop; fail; run out;
 
  
떫떫다 astringent, puckery, bitter, sour
 
  
떳떳떳~ honorable, blameless
+
;예:
  
떻어떻다, 어떻게 how, like what
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 예|| 예쁘다 pretty; art; yes; <br>
 +
old, ancient, old times; instance, example (例 lì); pre-, fore-, ease, comfort, happy (豫yù)예민~ sensitive, keen, sharp; sharpness, acumen, acuteness; > (锐 ruì) sharp, vigor;
 +
|-
 +
|옛|| old, ancient; 옛날 old days, formerly
 +
 +
|}
  
떼떼다 take off, detach, pull off, remove;떼 group, swarm, crowd, throng, pack, flock, herd
 
  
+
;오:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 오|| 오렌지 orange; 오리 duck; 오 five;
 +
|-
 +
|옥|| jade, gemstone 玉; prison, jail
 +
|-
 +
|온|| warm, temperature (溫 wēn); all, whole
 +
|-
 +
|올|| 올가미 noose, lasso, snare; strand, ply; 올리다 raise, lift up, increase; offer; this year (올해)
 +
|-
 +
|옭|| 옭다 tie (up), fasten, secure
 +
|-
 +
|옮|| 옮기다 (ㄹ=Ø) move, shift, transfer; transmit (disease); translate, spread; 옮다 be infected, catch;
 +
|-
 +
|옳|| 옳다 right, righteous, just, truthful, correct, exact, accurate, proper, correct
 +
|-
 +
|옴|| scabies, mange, itch
 +
|-
 +
|옷|| clothes
 +
|-
 +
|옹|| 옹이 knot (wood)
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===또 ===
 
  
also, again, and, too, both...and
+
:와:
  
똑 똑똑~ clever, bright, intelligent; 똑똑 (adv./onom.) knock; drip;똑 just, exactly, right
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 와 || 기와 roof tile
 +
|-
 +
|완|| 완두콩 pea; 완 complete (완전~)  
 +
|-
 +
|왈|| 왈츠 waltz; 왈 said, so-called
 +
|-
 +
|왕|| king
 +
 +
|}
  
똥 dung
 
  
+
;왜:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 왜|| why, how
 +
|-
 +
|왱|| onom.
 +
|-
 +
|왝|| onom.: urp, ugh; 왝왝~ retch
 +
 +
|}
  
 
  
+
;외:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 외|| outside, foreignonly, isolated, lonely (외롭다) 외치다 shout, yell
 +
|-
 +
|왼|| left side
 +
 +
|}
  
===뚜===
 
  
뚜껑 lid; 메뚜기 locust, 귀뚜라미 cricket
+
;요:
  
뚝with a (heavy) snap, thud; suddenly, unexpectedly뚝뚝 onom.: raindrops 뚝배기 earthenware bowl
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 요|| 요가 yoga; 요 mattress (kr. floor mattress); <br>要 essential, demand; cook; 요구~ request, demand; 요일 day of the week; 요즘 these days, nowadays
 +
|-
 +
|욕|| bath, bathe; abuse, abusive language, curse, shame, insult
 +
|-
 +
|용|| dragon; use
  
뚫뚫다 to bore, drill (hole), penetrate
+
 +
|}
  
뚱뚱뚱이 fatso, 뚱뚱~;
 
  
엉뚱~ strange, odd, eccentric
+
;우:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 우|| 우산 umbrella; beef (牛); right side; friend;
 +
|-
 +
|욱|| ugh
  
+
|-
 +
| 운|| 운동 exercise;transport, drive, move; luck, fate (運 yùn);
  
뛰뛰다 run, dash; jump, leap, skip, swing, beat뛰어나다 outstanding, good
+
울|| 울다 cry, weep울타리 fence 우울~ gloomy, depressed
 +
|-
 +
|움|| 움직이다 move, budge, change position; work, operate
 +
|-
 +
|웃|| 웃다 laugh, smile; 웃기다 make laugh, be funny
 +
|-
 +
|웅|| virile, male (雄xióng)
 +
 +
|}
  
뜀running
 
  
+
;워:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 워|| 워어 exclam.
 +
|-
 +
|원|| 원숭이 monkey; 원 circle, round; desire, wish; origin; garden; court, institution; desire
 +
|-
 +
|월|| moon, month, Monday
 +
 +
|}
  
===뜨===
 
  
뜨다 float; float (by) [in air/water]; rise, come (up); knit; leave, move on; scoop up, ladle out 뜨다 open (one’s eyes)뜨겁다 hot, burning
+
;웨:
  
뜬 floating, drifting
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 웨|| 웨딩 wedding
 +
|-
 +
|웬|| a certain, some, what(ever)웬만~ tolerable, fairly good; tolerate
 +
|-
 +
|엘|| well-being
 +
|-
 +
|웹|| web (Internet)
 +
 +
|}
  
뜯뜯다 tear off, pluck; bite, graze;
 
  
뜸moxibustion (Oriental medicine)
+
;위:
  
뜻 meaning, intention, mind; ~ mean, indicate, refer to;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 위|| stomach; position; danger; top; up, upper part 위하다, 위해, 위한 have a purpose for; care for; for; GER+~ for, to (purpose) 위대~ great 위험~ dangerous
 +
|-
 +
|윗|| 윗- upper-
 +
|-
 +
|윙|| wing; onom: buzz, hum; 윙크 wink
 +
 +
|}
  
 
  
  
===띠 ===
 
  
belt, band, sash; zodiac sign 띠다 wear (belt)  
+
==오 ㅇ(3: 으, ) ==
  
  
  
 +
;유:
  
== ㄹ ==
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 유|| milk; Europe; exist, existence (有); entice, tempt (誘 yòu); 유리 glass; 유명~ famous
 +
|-
 +
| 육|| meat, flesh; six; land, ground (陸)
 +
|-
 +
| 윤|| shine, gloss, luster (潤 rùn); wheel; rotate, take turns (輪 lún)
 +
|-
 +
| 율|| 율동 rhythm; rate, ratio, freq. (率 lǜ); a law, regulation (률) (律 lǜ)
 +
   
 +
|}
  
===라===
 
  
라면 ramen; 리마 lama; 라디오 radio
+
;융:
  
락 락스bleach; fall, omit, scatter [낙, 落 luò]; NP-락 말락 on the brink/verge of; NP-락 and, or [?] (correlative?)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 융|| melt, blend, harmonious (融 róng); 융합 fusion, fuse (融合)
 +
|-
 +
| 윷||  (윷놀다) yut (game)  
 +
 +
|}
  
란egg; order, chaos [난, 亂 luàn]-(이)란 as for X; is called, (das) heißt; NP~ that is, that (which is) is named/called; generic topic NP; XP~? was heißt? [PP > -(이)라고 하는]
 
  
람람바다 lambada
 
  
랍랍비 rabbi; 랍소디 rhapsody;  
+
;으:
  
랑 신랑 bridegroom; (이)랑as for, and, with, etc. + topic 자랑 boast, brag, show off
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 으|| 으로; 으르다 threaten, intimidate, scare
  
랗커다랗다 big, large, huge;동그랗다 round; (-) 동그랗게 around
+
|-
 +
| 윽|| 그윽~ deep, delicate; 그윽이 in secret, private, inwardly, in o’s heart; subtle;윽 yuck
 +
|-
 +
| 은||  silver, money
 +
|-
 +
| 음 || sound, note, tone; drink; yin; φαλλος
 +
|-
 +
| 을|| 을지로; 가을 fall, autumn
 +
|-
 +
| 읊|| 읊다 chant/sing/write a poem
 +
|-
 +
| 읍|| town, village (邑 yì)
 +
|-
 +
| 응 || yes, mmm; response, e.g. 응급 emergency; congeal, solidify; concentrate attention, stare (凝 níng);
 +
 +
|}
  
래come, coming오래다 long time
 
  
랭랭크되다, 랭킹 rank; 랭 cool; 무말랭이 dried sliced radish
+
;의:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 의|| 의자 chair, stool; 의사 doctor; 의- medicine; 의하다, 의해, 의한 be due to; be based on; according to, thanks to; -에 의해 by (passive agent) 의미~ mean, signify, stand for, indicate
 +
 +
|}
  
략전략 strategy;abbreviate(d), summary, plan, simplify
 
  
량car, carriage, e.g., 차량 [輛 liàng];volume, quantity, amount, capacity, supply, to measure [量 liáng]涼 [liáng/liàng] cool; disappointed, discouraged; e.g., 황량~ bleak, desolate
 
  
===러===
+
;이:
  
러너 runner; 러닝 running race; 러닝머신 treadmill; 러시아 Russia -러 [purpose clause + motion verbs];
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 이|| 이구아나 iguana; 이발 barber 이기다 win, beat, overcome; 이르다 early
 +
|-
 +
| 익|| 익다 be ripe, mature, done (fruit, grains, boiled/cooked items); skilled, experienced, familiar; used to; to master, become proficient, familiar with;
 +
인|| person; benevolence, virtue, humanity; seal, stamp; 인사~ greet
 +
|-
 +
| 일|| sun, day; work, job, matter; one, first
 +
|-
 +
| 읽|| 읽다 read, recite; guess, see, figure
 +
|-
 +
| 잃|| 잃다 lose, miss, be deprived of
 +
|-
 +
| 임|| 임신 (姙娠: rèn, conceive, be pregnant + shēn, pregnant)assign, appoint, take a post; responsibility; allow (任 rèn);
 +
|-
 +
| 입|| mouth, lips; enter 入; stand 立;입다 put on, wear; suffer, sustain;
 +
|-
 +
| 잇|| 잇다 join, link, connect; continue, keep; inherit, succeed (ㅅ→Ø)<nowiki>; → -</nowiki>이어 after; 잇 (slip-)cover;
 +
|-
 +
| 있|| 있다
 +
|-
 +
| 잉|| 잉어 carp
 +
|-
 +
| 잊|| 잊다 forget; put out of one’s mind
 +
|-
 +
| 잎|| leaf
 +
 +
|}
  
럭럭비 rugby
 
  
런런던 London; 런치 luncheon; 이런/그런 such, like, that kind of; 뉴런 neuron
 
  
럴그럴듯~ plausible, specious; decent;
 
  
럼rum
+
== ㅈ ==
  
럽시럽 syrup; hunt, field, sports [ 獵 liè] -스럽다 seems, be like, suggest; -ish 더럽다 dirty
+
;자 :
  
렁지렁이 earthworm; 우렁이 freshwater snail; 설렁탕 oxtail soup;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 자|| ruler; letter, character; 자다 sleep
 +
|-
 +
| 작 || 작가 writer, author; > make, do 作; 작다 small, short, little;
 +
|-
 +
|잔|| cup; 잔디 grass, lawn
 +
|-
 +
|잖-|| 잖아요 (e.g., 있잖아요) you know, don’t you know; > -지 않-
 +
|-
 +
|잘|| well; 자르다 cut off/out/away, sever, amputate, chop (up); = cutting long, thin objects잘다 small, little, fine
 +
|-
 +
|잠|| sleep
 +
|-
 +
|잡|| 잡다 grasp, grab, seize, catch, hold; 잡지 magazine; 잡mixed, various, misc., to mix (雜 zá): 잡채
 +
|-
 +
|장|| 장어eel; intestine; soy sauce; 장아찌 pickled vegetables
 +
|-
 +
| 잦|| 잦다 be frequent
 +
|-
 +
| 재|| 재활용 recycling, recycle; 재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill; again, re-, exist (在)
 +
|-
 +
|쟁|| argue, debate, strive, vie (爭zhēng); 쟁기 plow (farming); gong; zither
 +
|-
 +
|쟈
 +
 +
|}
  
렇그렇다 [르래] so, such; true이렇다, 이렇게 like this, so저렇다 like that 누렇다 (golden/dirty) yellow; pale (sickly) yellow
 
  
레레몬 lemon수레 wagon, cart, shopping cart, handcart, wheelbarrow
 
  
렌렌즈 lens; 렌즈콩 lentil; 렌치 wrench;
+
;저:
  
려고려 Goryeo dynasty; -려 be about to +V; -려나 I wonder +S-려고 in order to [+action verbs]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 저|| 저녁 evening; dinner 저리다 sore, pain, numb, ache, asleep; 저쪽 that side, over there;저자 writer, author (著 zhe); low; bottom; we, our, us; they, their, them
 +
|-
 +
| 적|| 적신호 red light, warning/danger signal적다write down, note (down), enter; 적다 few, small; (敵 dí); red;
 +
|-
 +
|전|| Korean pancakeexpert (專 zhuān); fight, battle ( 戰zhān)
 +
|-
 +
|절|| festival, season (節); clause, paragraph, verse (節); cut, slice (切 qiē); (deep) bow; (Buddhist) temple
 +
|-
 +
|젊|| 젊다 young, youthful
 +
|-
 +
|점|| point, spot; store
 +
|-  
 +
|접|| 접다 fold, furl; receive, welcome, answer, join (接 jiē)접시 dish, saucer, plate
 +
|-  
 +
|젓|| 젓가각 chopstick
 +
|-  
 +
|정|| well (井); stop; correct; order (e.g., 정리 arrange); 정~ decide 定; feeling, affection; really, truly; cold chisel
 +
|-
 +
| 젖 || breast, bosom, breast milk, (젖통) udder
 +
|-
 +
|제|| 제비a swallow (bird); <br>제하다 divide, exclude, subtract, deduce; 제 make, manufacture, system (製 zhì); eliminate, get rid of (除chú); carry, propose, raise, offer, provide, (提tí); junior (f.); subject; aid, help, relief (濟 jì); 제트 a jet; 제발;
 +
|-
 +
|젤|| gel
 +
|-
 +
|졔 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
력달력 calendar [曆 lì ]; strength, power [力]; experience [歷 lì]
 
  
련practice, train [연] 세련되다 refined, sophisticated
 
  
렬강렬~ strong, intense, mighty; 렬 [烈 liè] strong, fierce
+
;:
 
 
렴 honest, moderate [염]
 
 
 
렵 어렵다 difficult, hard 두렵다 fearful, afraid, terrified;hunt, field, sports [ 獵 liè]
 
 
 
렷뚜렷하다 clear, distinct, plain, evident, definite, obvious, apparent차렷 attention(!)
 
 
 
령대통령 president; 고령 old age;neck, collar [領 lǐng]; lead, command [영]; Spirit
 
 
 
례rite, ceremony [禮lĭ] instance, case, example, usual [例lì]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===로===
 
 
 
로켓 rocket; 路 road; 로마 Rome; 로비 lobby; 로커locker;
 
 
 
록green; minutes, record, register, diary [녹] [錄 lù]
 
 
 
론discuss
 
 
 
롤 roll; 롤러 roller, squeegee
 
 
 
롭-롭다 characterized by 해롭다 harmful, bad 외롭다 lonely
 
 
 
롱 play with [농]; room salon [sic]
 
 
 
 
 
 
뢰depend on [e.g., 신뢰 faith] [賴lài]
 
 
 
 
 
 
뢰thunder
 
 
 
료material (자료, 재료), estimate [料 liào]; finish, achieve, understand [了] (수료)
 
 
 
룡 공룡 dinosaur
 
 
 
 
 
===루===
 
 
 
-루 base (baseball); 루비 ruby; 지루하다 boring; bored; dull, tedious, tiresome 루주 rouge, lipstick; 루블 ruble
 
 
 
룩거룩 holy, divine, sacred;
 
 
 
룰rule
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
류stream, flow [流liú]; kind, sort, style, type, manner, system; papers, documents
 
 
 
륙continent, land mass [陸]
 
 
 
륭훌륭~ excellent, great, magnificent; great, grand, lofty; honorable, admirable [隆 lóng]; 흥륭~ prosperity, prosper, flourish
 
 
 
 
 
===르 ===
 
 
 
그르다, 그름 wrong, incorrect; hopeless;다르다 different 흐르다 flow, run; 부르다 full푸르다 blue, azure, green 르네상스 Renaissance; 장르 genre
 
 
 
른오른(쪽) right side
 
 
 
름기름 oil
 
 
 
릎무릎 knee
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===리 ===
 
 
 
리모진 limo bus; 리마 콩 lima beans; 리본 ribbon
 
 
 
린린스 rinse (hair)
 
 
 
림 삼림 forest; 아이스크림 ice cream
 
 
 
립림 stand, establish [立]; 그립다 long for, miss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅁ ==
 
 
 
===마===
 
 
 
마늘 garlic; 마을 village, hamlet; 마루 (wooden) floor; 마치다 end, finis
 
 
 
막end, last; desert; curtain; 막다 clog, block; stop, prevent; enclose,
 
 
 
맏firstborn
 
 
 
만(₩)10,000; full; only; bay, gulf
 
 
 
많많이
 
 
 
맏 first born, eldest
 
 
 
말horse; end; language, speech, word, talk; 말다 stop, skip, break off; roll (up)
 
 
 
맑맑다 clear, clean, pure; sunny
 
 
 
맛taste, flavor
 
 
 
망net; 망치 hammer
 
 
 
맞맞다 be correct, agree, fit; be hit, struck, beaten; get acupuncture [침]; greet, welcome, receive; face a certain time; ...맞아 over, during
 
 
 
맡맡다 smell, sniff at, sense; keep, take charge of, take on; be in charge; 맡기다 entrust, leave
 
 
 
매매실 green plum; 매 sour plum; hawk; whip, rod, cane; sell, buy; 매미; 매다 tie, fasten, wear
 
 
 
맥산맥 mountain range; 동맥 artery; 맥 vein (of ore); pulse
 
 
 
맨bare, unprotected, nothing but; the very, the most, at the very front; 맨션 mansion;
 
 
 
맵맵다 spicy
 
 
 
맹blind; plain, bland
 
 
 
맺맺다 tie (up), knot; bear (fruit); conclude, finish, close
 
 
 
 
 
===머===
 
 
 
머리 head, hair;
 
 
 
먹eat, make, suffer; ink (中國, 인도)
 
 
 
먼먼지 dust; 먼저 first (of all); previously
 
 
 
멀멀다 be far; 멀리 far away, distant
 
 
 
멈멈추다 stop, halt
 
 
 
멋a show, relish, taste; 멋싰다, 멋지다
 
 
 
멍멍 bruise, contusion멍하다 blank, stupified멍멍 onom.
 
 
 
===메===
 
 
 
메뚜기 locust; 메뉴 menu;메기 catfish; 메달 medal
 
 
 
멧멧돼지 wild boar
 
 
 
며 며칠 what day?
 
 
 
 
 
 
면surface, face, side, aspect; noodle; cotton
 
 
 
멸destroy, exterminate
 
 
 
명name, famous; bright, clear; command
 
 
 
몇 some, several; how many / much / far
 
 
 
 
 
===모===
 
 
 
모기 mosquito; rice spout, seedling; mother; angle [kr]; 모으다 gather, collect [타], 모이다 [자]
 
 
 
목neck, throat; eye, item [目]; wood, tree
 
 
 
몪몪다 tie, bind
 
 
 
몬몬순 monsoon
 
 
 
몰몰다 steer, drive, chase, pursue, run after; to corner; charge, accuse w. crime; 몰 lack, sink [沒]; 몰라요 > 모르다 not know
 
 
 
몸body
 
 
 
못nail, peg; callous, corn; pond, pool; 못~ cannot, not, incapable; poor; inferior 뭇지않다 not as X as, not inferior
 
 
 
몽dream
 
 
 
뫼grave, tomb
 
 
 
묘grave; mystery, wonder묘~ odd, strange 
 
 
 
 
 
===무===
 
 
 
무 radish
 
 
 
묵bean / grain jelly [e.g., 도토리묵]silent; 목다 old, antiquated; stop, lodge at
 
 
 
문문 door; 문어 octopus letter, writing; question
 
 
 
묻묻다 ask, question, inquire; smear, stain; bury, conceal, hide
 
 
 
물water; 물다 bite, sting; hold s.t. in one’s mouth; pay, repay
 
 
 
묽묽다 watery; weak; thin
 
 
 
뭇bunch, bundle; various
 
 
 
뭉 뭉치다 (form a) mass, lump, mass; unite, stand, get together
 
 
 
뭐what
 
 
 
 
 
===므===
 
 
 
므낫세 Manasseh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===미===
 
 
 
미나리 water dropwort / parsely; 미 beauty; taste; rice; 미치다 be/go crazy
 
 
 
믹믹서 mixer
 
 
 
민people, tribe
 
 
 
믿맏다 believe, trust; rely on
 
 
 
밀secret; 밀다 push
 
 
 
밉밉다 detestable, hateful, odious
 
 
 
 
 
 
및and (also), both...and
 
 
 
밑 bottom, below, lower, base, underneath; lower, subordinate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅂ ==
 
 
 
===바===
 
 
 
바나나 banana; 바퀴벌레 cockroach;
 
 
 
바퀴 wheel; 바구니 basket; 바탕 background; 바라다 wish, desire; 바르다 apply, put on
 
 
 
박gourd; 박다 hammer, drive (into), ram
 
 
 
밖outside
 
 
 
반half; opposite
 
 
 
받쓰레받기 dustpan; 받다 receive;
 
 
 
발foot, step; depart, rise> 바르다 upright; right, correct; cover, plaster, spread, apply, put on (topically)
 
 
 
밝밝다 bright, light, brilliant, to dawn;밝히다 reveal, disclose; light
 
 
 
밟밟다 step on
 
 
 
밤chestnut; night
 
 
 
밥rice
 
 
 
밧밧줄 rope
 
 
 
방room; defend
 
 
 
밭(dry) field, farm
 
 
 
배pear; ship; belly
 
 
 
백white; 100; (양)배추 white cabbage
 
 
 
뱀snake
 
 
 
뱃> 배
 
 
 
뱅뱅이
 
 
 
뱉뱉다 spit (at/out)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===버===
 
 
 
버섯 mushroom; 버팔로 buffalo; 버릇 habit; manners; 버리다 throw away;
 
 
 
벅벅차다 hard to manage, too much, beyond one’s power; full n
 
 
 
번번개 lightning, thunderbolt; 번빵 bun;번 number, repeat; change, shift, alternate; MW iterations [番 fān]
 
 
 
 
 
 
벌벌bee, wasp; 벌레 bug, worm;벌다 make, earn (money); 벌리다 open, spread (by pulling apart or separating)
 
 
 
범 범인, 범죄자 criminal 표범 leopard; (범== tiger, tigress)
 
 
 
범하다 commit (error, mistake);
 
 
 
ordinary, common, mundane, temporal (평범~) [凡 fán]; pan- (all), general; offense; pattern, master;
 
 
 
법law, rule, method
 
 
 
벗벗다take off, remove, undress
 
 
 
벙벙커 bunker; 벙어리 mute, speech-impaired; 벙벙~ stunned, dumbfounded
 
 
 
벚벚꽃 cherry blossom; 벚나무 cherry tree
 
 
 
베베다 rest, lay one’s head on; 베다 cut, slice, (e.g., finger), mow; [erg./passive/adversative]베개 pillow
 
 
 
밴van
 
 
 
뱅뱅어 whitebait fish
 
 
 
 
 
===벼===
 
 
 
rice plant; paddy
 
 
 
벽wall, partition; habit > 버릇
 
 
 
변변하다 change, alter; 변 dung, feces; accident
 
 
 
별star; another, other, particular [别]
 
 
 
볍볍씨 rice seed; 가볍다, 가볍게 light, simple, gentle, easy; frivolous(ly), careless; minor, mild
 
 
 
병bottle, jar; disease, sic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===보===
 
 
 
gem, jewel, precious stone [寶 bǎo]; step, walk;
 
 
 
report; see; try; protect; beam, girder; assistant, supplementary
 
 
 
복복숭아 peach; duplicate, copy [复 fù]; clothes; blessing, fortune, happiness
 
 
 
볶볶다, 볶음 stir -fry
 
 
 
본root, origin, base, model, pattern, main [本]; V-본적 있다 experiential perfective
 
 
 
볼cheek
 
 
 
봄spring(time)
 
 
 
봉peak; envelope, paper packet (e.g., for medicine); serve, service, offering 한라봉 Hallasan citrus
 
 
 
봐> 보다
 
 
 
뵙뵙다 see, meet (hon.)
 
 
 
 
 
===부===
 
 
 
부추 chives; 부채folding fan; part (일부 some; 부분 piece);
 
 
 
부동산; skin [肤 fū]; wealth, blessing, fortune, riches; father; part, section, department, division; unit; wife; vice-, attached to, supplement, addition; not 부르다 call, sing
 
 
 
북drum (Korean traditional); north;
 
 
 
분powder; a minute, divide, share, a division; one-tenth; anger;
 
 
 
불fire, light불다 blow; swell up (w. water), soaked
 
 
 
붉붉다 red, crimson, scarlet [ㄹ==Ø]
 
 
 
붓붓다 pour (in/into) [ㅅ→Ø];swell (up), become swollen
 
 
 
붕붕소 boron; 붕어 carp; 부엉이 owl; 지붕 roof
 
 
 
붙붙다 [자], stick to, adhere; 붙이다 [타] stick, adhere; pass (exam); stay close to; stay; join w.;
 
 
 
 
 
===브===
 
 
 
브레이크 brake
 
 
 
블블라우스 blouse
 
 
 
 
 
===비===
 
 
 
rain; compare, ratio, proportion; fat; broom, brush; 비다 empty, vacant, unoccupied 비치다 shine, be reflected; 비추다 shine, reflect
 
 
 
빈empty; guest
 
 
 
빌빌리다 borrow, take a loan; 빌다 borrow; employ, use; pray, wish
 
 
 
빗comb; 빗자루 broom
 
 
 
빙ice
 
 
 
빚debt, loan
 
 
 
빛light, color; ~나다shine, sparkle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅃ ==
 
 
 
===빠===
 
 
 
빠지다 deflate, drain, fall out; lose weight; sink; be absorbed, drowned; fall out, be dropped, be absent
 
 
 
빤(빤하다 == 뻔하다)
 
 
 
빨빨다 suck (at/on); wash; 빨래; 빨리
 
 
 
빵bread
 
 
 
빼 빼다 pull out, subtract, remove, take out
 
 
 
 
 
 
뺨cheek
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===뻐===
 
 
 
뻐꾸기 cuckoo; 기뻐~ rejoice, happy
 
 
 
뻔 뻔하다 clear, plain, obvious
 
 
 
뻗뻗다 spread, extend, stretch, reach out, (oneself, body; stative) (타/차)
 
 
 
볍가볍다 light; ;simple; careless
 
 
 
뻥bang, pop
 
 
 
 
 
 
뼈bone
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===뽀===
 
 
 
뽀뽀 kiss, peck (onom.)
 
 
 
뽑뽑다 pull, draw, take out, extract (e.g., tooth, nail, tree); select, choose;
 
 
 
뽕mulberry; 뽕짝 == 트고트 trot music
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
뾰뾰족~ sharp, pointed; 뾰루지 skin rash, pimple
 
 
 
 
 
===뿌===
 
 
 
뿌리 root 뿌리다 spread, sprinkle; put on, apply
 
 
 
뿍듬뿍 generously, liberally
 
 
 
뿔antler, horn; projection, tip; 코뿔소 rhino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===쁘===
 
 
 
쁘띠 petit(e); 기쁘다 glad, happy; 바쁘다 busy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===삐===
 
 
 
삐다 twist, sprain (injury)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅅ ==
 
 
 
===사===
 
 
 
사자 lion; 사탕 candy; 사 sand; scholar; teacher; four 사다 buy
 
 
 
삭cut, subtract; 삭도(차) cable car
 
 
 
산mountain; calculate; umbrella
 
 
 
살flesh, skin, meat; kill; 살구 apricot;살다 be alive; live; reside; 살 age, years;(불) 사르다 burn, set on fire, make a fire
 
 
 
삶삶 life; 삶다 boil, simmer, cook
 
 
 
삼three; hemp, flax (plant, cloth)
 
 
 
삽 shovel, spade, scoop
 
 
 
상상어 shark; table, bench; image; 上 top, above, ascend, supreme, upper;상상~ imagine
 
 
 
새bird; new
 
 
 
색color
 
 
 
생be born, life, living, raw; student생각~ think
 
 
 
샤샤워하다
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===서===
 
 
 
book, writing, document; west; public office;서다 stand; halt, stop
 
 
 
석stone; seat
 
 
 
섞섞다 mix, mingle, blend, shuffle
 
 
 
선선지 blood soup; 선인장 cactus; 선 ship, boat; first; line, cord; fresh; select, elect; 선물 gift, present
 
 
 
설설탕 sugar; 說 theory, explain, talk; establish (설명~);설거지 dishes (to wash), dish-washing
 
 
 
섬island, isle
 
 
 
섭섭섭~ sorry, disappointed, regrettable;섭씨 Celsius 무섭다 scary, frightening ; scared, afraid 섭 take in, absorb, assimilate; act for; care for one’s health [攝 shè]; to wade, be involved, concern, experience [涉shè]
 
 
 
섯 halt! [mil.]; 버섯 mushroom
 
 
 
성fortress; voice; star, planet; saint, holy; surname; anger, wrath; success성공~ succeed
 
 
 
세wash; tax; (힘) 세다 strong, powerful, vigorous, muscular; violent, sever, intense (e.g., forces)
 
 
 
세다 count, calculate
 
 
 
섹섹시~ hot, sexy
 
 
 
셈calculation, sum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===소===
 
 
 
cow; small
 
 
 
속stomach, (the) inside, one’s insides, one’s heart; speed, speedy;속~ belong to
 
 
 
손hand
 
 
 
솔brush; to lead솔직~ honest, open
 
 
 
솜cotton
 
 
 
솟솟다 gush, spring, spurt out; break froth; rise, tower, soar; 솟대 acrobat’s pole; ritual / festive dragon head pole
 
 
 
송pine; 송이 pine mushroom
 
 
 
솥clay / cast iron pot, caldron
 
 
 
 
 
 
쇄쇄골 collarbone, clavicle [鎖骨 suǒ lock (up)]
 
 
 
쇠iron
 
 
 
쇼쇼핑 shopping; 쇼크, 쇼캉하다 shock;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===수===
 
 
 
water; hand; receive; guard
 
 
 
숙숙주나물 mung bean sprouts; lodge; 기숙사 dorm
 
 
 
순순두부찌개 tofu stew
 
 
 
숟숟가락 spoon
 
 
 
술liquor, alcohol; tassel, tuft, fringe (e.g., 입술)skill, art, method, technique
 
 
 
숨솜다, 숨기다 hide; 숨 breath, 숨쉬다 breathe
 
 
 
숫pure, innocent
 
 
 
숭숭늉 == 누롱지 soup
 
 
 
숲 forest
 
 
 
숱thickness (hair); 숱하다 numerous, a lot
 
 
 
숴shoo!
 
 
 
 
 
 
쉬쉬다 relax, rest; take a day off; breathe; be hoarse; go bad, spoil 쉬 == 小便
 
 
 
쉰쉰 fifty
 
 
 
쉽쉽다 easy, simple
 
 
 
슈슈퍼마트
 
 
 
 
 
===스===
 
 
 
스웨터 sweater
 
 
 
습study, practice; 습~ damp(ness), moist, wet, soggy 우습다 funny, humorous
 
 
 
슬슬라이드 slide, transparency
 
 
 
슬프다 sad, sorrowful; 슬퍼하다 be sad슬다 disappear, vanish; wither, wilt; rust
 
 
 
슴슴베 handle, end (knife, farm tool), tool tang
 
 
 
슷비슷다 similar, like, alike
 
 
 
승boarding; victory, win
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===시===
 
 
 
시금치 spinach time; city, market; test, try; poetry시다 sour;
 
 
 
식food, eat; style, ceremony; plant; know, recognize
 
 
 
신kidney; believe; spirit; footwear, shoes; sour; god[神]신다 put on, wear (footwear)
 
 
 
싣싣다 load [ㄷ→ㄹ]
 
 
 
실room; fruit; failure, mistake;
 
 
 
싫싫다 hateful; hate, dislike
 
 
 
심heart, mind; deep; 심하다 bad, serious 심다 plant
 
 
 
십ten
 
 
 
싱싱싱~ fresh싱크 sink 싱겁다 bland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅆ ==
 
 
 
===싸===
 
 
 
싸다 cheap; wrap (up), pack 싸우다 fight, argue
 
 
 
싹shoot, spout; quite, completely
 
 
 
쌀 rice
 
 
 
쌈lettuce wrap
 
 
 
쌍pair, twins, couple
 
 
 
쌓쌓다 pile, stack, heap (up), accumulate;쌓이다 be stacked, pile up
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===써===
 
 
 
썩썩다 rot, decay, decompose, go bad; be corrupt
 
 
 
썰썰다 slice, , chop, cut (solid objects, e.g., meat, vegetables, food)썰렁~ chilly; empty, deserted; corny
 
 
 
썹눈썹 eyebrow
 
 
 
쎄글쎄 well, … (DM)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===쏘===
 
 
 
쏘다 shoot, fire (at); sting
 
 
 
쏟쏟다 spill, pour; concentrate (on), devote o.s. to s.t.; pour out, vent;아지다 pour [자]
 
 
 
쏠쏠다 lean toward, incline
 
 
 
 
 
 
쐐쐐기 wedge
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===쑤===
 
 
 
쑤시다pick, poke; ache, throb, be sore
 
 
 
쑥mugwort
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===쓰===
 
 
 
쓰다 use, employ, spend; hire; spend; bitter; write; put on, wear쓰레기 trash
 
 
 
쓸 쓸다 sweep; 쓸모 use, usefulness; 쓸개 gallbladder 쓸쓸~lonely, solitary
 
 
 
씌씌우다 spread, cover, be spread (not covering widely or extensively, cf. 덮다), wear, put on (clothing articles)
 
 
 
 
 
===씨===
 
 
 
씨 seed, pit
 
 
 
씬날씬하다 slim, slender
 
 
 
씩-씩 each, separately, apiece; 씩씩~ vigorous, energetic
 
 
 
씹씹다 chew, bite; 씹 coīre, pudenda
 
 
 
씻씻다 wash, rinse, cleanse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅇ (1: 아, 어) ==
 
 
 
===아===
 
 
 
아몬드 almond; 아 child; 아기 baby, infant;
 
 
 
악악어 crocodile; 악 evil, bad; music
 
 
 
안안경 eyeglasses; 안다 hold, hug, embrace;
 
 
 
앉앉다 sit, be seated
 
 
 
않않다 not, do not
 
 
 
알(fish) egg, round object; 알다 know
 
 
 
앓앓다 be sick, fall ill, suffer (from ~을)
 
 
 
암암탉 hen;암 cancer; rock; female (animal); dark, secret;
 
 
 
압pressure; push, press
 
 
 
 
 
 
앙center [央 yāng]; onom. (e.g., baby crying)
 
 
 
앞front, ahead
 
 
 
 
 
===애===
 
 
 
애벌래 caterpillar
 
 
 
액amount ($), sum; liquid
 
 
 
앵 앵무새 parrot
 
 
 
===야===
 
 
 
wilderness, field; at night; 야~ racy, sexual
 
 
 
약medicine; promise; weak
 
 
 
얄얄밉다 detestable, hateful; naughty
 
 
 
얇얇다 thin, fine; flimsy;
 
 
 
얌얌전~ well behaved, quiet, gentle, meek, clean, modest, obedient
 
 
 
양sheep; ocean, Western; bring up, care, nourish; both; quantity, amount
 
 
 
얕얕다 shallow (depth)
 
 
 
===얘===
 
 
 
얘기 > 이야기
 
 
 
 
 
===어===
 
 
 
어치 jay (bird); 어fish; word, term, language어둡다 dark, gloomy어리다 young, little
 
 
 
억jade; 10<sup>8</sup><nowiki>; tough; press, suppress </nowiki>
 
 
 
언words, talk; 언니 older sister; 언덕 hill; 언제 when, whenever
 
 
 
얹얹다 lay, place (s.t.) on (s.t.), load (s.t.) with (s.t.)
 
 
 
얻얻다 borrow; get, gain, win, take, acquire, achieve
 
 
 
얼얼음 ice (얼다 freeze); 일굴 face, features, countenance, look 얼얼~ hot, burning, on fire (e.g., tongue)얼룩말 zebra; 얼룩 stain, smear, spot
 
 
 
얽얽다 pitted; weave, tie up
 
 
 
엄severe, strict, stern; 엄마 mommy
 
 
 
업job, business, industry, calling, vocation, occupation, trade, profession
 
 
 
없없다
 
 
 
엇cross, intersect, pass, alternate
 
 
 
엉엉덩이 buttocks, hip
 
 
 
엊  엊그제 a couple of days ago
 
 
 
엎엎다 turn over / down, lay upside down
 
 
 
===에===
 
 
 
at
 
 
 
엔엔진 engine; yen
 
 
 
===여===
 
 
 
여우 fox; female, woman; travel; 여름 summer; 여치 long-horned grasshopper, katydid;
 
 
 
역station; translate; opposite, reverse
 
 
 
연lotus; research; perform; year; kite; salmon<nowiki>; smoke</nowiki>
 
 
 
열열무 young/slender radish; line, row, file, column, queue [렬]; heat, temperature; ten
 
 
 
엶엶다 thin; light, pale; light color
 
 
 
염salt; inflammation; dye
 
 
 
엽leaf; 엽기 bizarre
 
 
 
엿 taffy, wheat gluten
 
 
 
영영양 antelope; 수영 swim;England; zero; glory; shadow; neck, collar; reflect, cinema, movie; order, command
 
 
 
옅옅다 light, pale, faint
 
 
 
옆side
 
  
 
+
{|
 
+
|-
 
+
| || 조개 clam; 조깅 jogging; make, build (造 zào); assist; clause 調 (diào: melody, accent, tone), e.g., 강조 emphasis, stress, highlight  
==  ㅇ (2: 오, 우) ==
+
|-
 
+
|||  foot  
 
+
|-
 
+
|존|| John; honor
===예===
+
|-
 
+
|졸|| 졸다 doze off; 졸리다 sleepy;  
예쁘다 pretty; art; yes;
+
|-
 
+
| 좁|| 좁다 narrow, small
old, ancient, old times; instance, example [例 lì]; pre-, fore-, ease, comfort, happy [豫yù]예민~ sensitive, keen, sharp; sharpness, acumen, acuteness; > [锐 ruì] sharp, vigor;
+
|-
 
+
| 종|| 마늘종 garlic shoots/stem; 종 seed; kind; 종이 paper  
옛old, ancient; 옛날 old days, formerly
+
|-
 
+
|좆|| vulg., =자지 φαλλος  
===오===
+
|-
 
+
|좌|| left; seat  
오렌지 orange; 오리 duck; 오 five;
+
|-
 
+
||| -
옥jade, gemstone 玉; prison, jail
+
|-
 
+
|죄|| crime, sin, guilt
온warm, temperature [溫 wēn]; all, whole
+
|-
 
+
| || -
올올가미 noose, lasso, snare; strand, ply; 올리다 raise, lift up, increase; offer; this year (올해)
 
 
 
옭옭다 tie (up), fasten, secure
 
 
 
옮옮기다 [ㄹ==Ø] move, shift, transfer; transmit (disease); translate, spread; 옮다 be infected, catch;
 
 
 
옳옳다 right, righteous, just, truthful, correct, exact, accurate, proper, correct
 
 
 
옴scabies, mange, itch
 
 
 
옷clothes
 
 
 
옹옹이 knot (wood)
 
 
 
===와===
 
 
 
기와 roof tile
 
 
 
완완두콩 pea; 완 complete (완전~)
 
 
 
왈왈츠 waltz; 왈 said, so-called
 
 
 
왕king
 
 
 
 
 
===왜===why, how
 
 
 
왱onom.
 
 
 
왝onom.: urp, ugh; 왝왝~ retch
 
 
 
===외===outside, foreignonly, isolated, lonely (외롭다) 외치다 shout, yell
 
 
 
왼left side
 
 
 
===요===
 
 
 
요가 yoga; 요 mattress (kr. floor mattress);
 
 
 
要 essential, demand; cook; 요구~ request, demand; 요일 day of the week; 요즘 these days, nowadays
 
 
 
욕bath, bathe; abuse, abusive language, curse, shame, insult
 
 
 
용dragon; use
 
 
 
 
 
===우===
 
 
 
우산 umbrella; beef [牛]; right side; friend;
 
 
 
욱ugh
 
 
 
운운동 exercise;transport, drive, move; luck, fate [運 yùn];
 
 
 
울울다 cry, weep울타리 fence 우울~ gloomy, depressed
 
 
 
움움직이다 move, budge, change position; work, operate
 
 
 
웃웃다 laugh, smile; 웃기다 make laugh, be funny
 
 
 
웅virile, male [雄xióng]
 
 
 
===워===<우어 exclam.
 
 
 
원원숭이 monkey; 원 circle, round; desire, wish; origin; garden; court, institution; desire
 
 
 
월moon, month, Monday
 
 
 
===웨===웨딩 wedding
 
 
 
웬a certain, some, what(ever)웬만~ tolerable, fairly good; tolerate
 
 
 
엘well-being
 
 
 
웹web (Internet)
 
 
 
===위===stomach; position; danger; top; up, upper part 위하다, 위해, 위한 have a purpose for; care for; for; GER+~ for, to [purpose] 위대~ great 위험~ dangerous
 
 
 
윗윗- upper-
 
 
 
윙wing; onom: buzz, hum; 윙크 wink
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅇ (3: 으, 이) ==
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===유===milk; Europe; exist, existence [有]; entice, tempt [誘 yòu]; 유리 glass; 유명~ famous
 
 
 
육meat, flesh; six; land, ground [陸]
 
 
 
윤shine, gloss, luster [潤 rùn]; wheel; rotate, take turns [輪 lún]
 
 
 
율율동 rhythm; rate, ratio, freq. [率 lǜ]; a law, regulation [률] [律 lǜ]
 
 
 
융=== ===melt, blend, harmonious [融 róng]; 융합 fusion, fuse [融合]
 
 
 
윷 (윷놀다) yut (game)
 
 
 
 
 
===으===
 
 
 
으로; 으르다 threaten, intimidate, scare
 
 
 
윽그윽~ deep, delicate; 그윽이 in secret, private, inwardly, in o’s heart; subtle;윽 yuck
 
 
 
은 silver, money
 
 
 
음 sound, note, tone; drink; yin; φαλλος
 
 
 
을을지로; 가을 fall, autumn
 
 
 
읊읊다 chant/sing/write a poem
 
 
 
읍town, village [邑 yì]
 
 
 
응 yes, mmm; response, e.g. 응급 emergency; congeal, solidify; concentrate attention, stare [凝 níng];
 
 
 
===의===
 
 
 
의자 chair, stool; 의사 doctor; 의- medicine; 의하다, 의해, 의한 be due to; be based on; according to, thanks to; -에 의해 by [passive agent] 의미~ mean, signify, stand for, indicate
 
 
 
 
 
===이===
 
 
 
이구아나 iguana; 이발 barber 이기다 win, beat, overcome; 이르다 early
 
 
 
익익다 be ripe, mature, done (fruit, grains, boiled/cooked items); skilled, experienced, familiar; used to; to master, become proficient, familiar with;
 
 
 
인person; benevolence, virtue, humanity; seal, stamp; 인사~ greet
 
 
 
일sun, day; work, job, matter; one, first
 
 
 
읽읽다 read, recite; guess, see, figure
 
 
 
잃잃다 lose, miss, be deprived of
 
 
 
임임신 [姙娠: rèn, conceive, be pregnant + shēn, pregnant]assign, appoint, take a post; responsibility; allow [任 rèn];
 
 
 
입mouth, lips; enter 入; stand 立;입다 put on, wear; suffer, sustain;
 
 
 
잇잇다 join, link, connect; continue, keep; inherit, succeed [ㅅ→Ø]<nowiki>; → -</nowiki>이어 after; 잇 (slip-)cover;
 
 
 
있있다
 
 
 
잉잉어 carp
 
 
 
잊잊다 forget; put out of one’s mind
 
 
 
잎leaf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅈ ==
 
 
 
===자 ===ruler; letter, character; 자다 sleep
 
 
 
작 작가 writer, author; > make, do 作; 작다 small, short, little;
 
 
 
잔cup; 잔디 grass, lawn
 
 
 
잖-잖아요 (e.g., 있잖아요) you know, don’t you know; > -지 않-
 
 
 
잘well; 자르다 cut off/out/away, sever, amputate, chop (up); == cutting long, thin objects잘다 small, little, fine
 
 
 
잠sleep
 
 
 
잡잡다 grasp, grab, seize, catch, hold; 잡지 magazine; 잡mixed, various, misc., to mix [雜 zá]: 잡채
 
 
 
장장어eel; intestine; soy sauce; 장아찌 pickled vegetables
 
 
 
잦잦다 be frequent
 
 
 
재재활용 recycling, recycle; 재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill; again, re-, exist [在]
 
 
 
쟁argue, debate, strive, vie [爭zhēng]; 쟁기 plow (farming); gong; zither
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===저===
 
 
 
저녁 evening; dinner 저리다 sore, pain, numb, ache, asleep; 저쪽 that side, over there;저자 writer, author [著 zhe]; low; bottom; we, our, us; they, their, them
 
 
 
적적신호 red light, warning/danger signal적다write down, note (down), enter; 적다 few, small; [敵 dí]; red;
 
 
 
전Korean pancakeexpert [專 zhuān]; fight, battle [ 戰zhān]
 
 
 
절festival, season [節]; clause, paragraph, verse [節]; cut, slice [切 qiē]; (deep) bow; (Buddhist) temple
 
 
 
젊젊다 young, youthful
 
 
 
점point, spot; store
 
 
 
접접다 fold, furl; receive, welcome, answer, join [接 jiē]접시 dish, saucer, plate
 
 
 
젓젓가각 chopstick
 
 
 
정well [井]; stop; correct; order (e.g., 정리 arrange); 정~ decide 定; feeling, affection; really, truly; cold chisel
 
 
 
젖 breast, bosom, breast milk, (젖통) udder
 
 
 
제제비a swallow (bird);
 
 
 
제하다 divide, exclude, subtract, deduce; 제 make, manufacture, system [製 zhì]; eliminate, get rid of [除chú]; carry, propose, raise, offer, provide, [提tí]; junior (f.); subject; aid, help, relief [濟 jì]; 제트 a jet; 제발;
 
 
 
젤gel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
======
 
 
 
조개 clam; 조깅 jogging; make, build [造 zào]; assist; clause 調 [diào: melody, accent, tone], e.g., 강조 emphasis, stress, highlight  
 
 
 
족 foot  
 
 
 
존John; honor
 
 
 
졸졸다 doze off; 졸리다 sleepy;  
 
 
 
좁좁다 narrow, small
 
 
 
종마늘종 garlic shoots/stem; 종 seed; kind; 종이 paper  
 
 
 
좆vulg., <span style=="color:#999999;"><nowiki>==자지</nowiki></span> φαλλος  
 
 
 
좌left; seat  
 
 
 
 
 
 
죄crime, sin, guilt
 
 
 
죠  
 
  
 
   
 
   
 +
|}
  
===주===
 
  
주먹 fist 주머니 pocket
 
  
죽rice porridge; 죽순 bamboo shoots;
 
  
준prepare [準 zhǔn]; 준 accurate, standard; definitely, certainly; about-to-be, quasi; given;
+
;주:
 
 
줄string, line, queue;  
 
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 주|| 주먹 fist 주머니 pocket
 +
|-
 +
| 죽|| rice porridge; 죽순 bamboo shoots;
 +
|-
 +
|준|| prepare (準 zhǔn); 준 accurate, standard; definitely, certainly; about-to-be, quasi; given;
 +
|-
 +
| 줄|| string, line, queue; <br>
 
줄기 stem, stalk (plant), cane; stream, tributary, beam, ray 줄다 decrease, diminish; 줄리다 reduce  
 
줄기 stem, stalk (plant), cane; stream, tributary, beam, ray 줄다 decrease, diminish; 줄리다 reduce  
 +
|-
 +
|중|| middle; weight
 +
|-
 +
|줘  || -
 +
|-
 +
|쥐|| mouse, rat; 다람쥐 squirrel; 쥐다 grasp, grab, hold, take hold of, grip
 +
|-
 +
|쥬||  -
 +
 +
|}
  
중middle; weight
 
  
 
  
쥐mouse, rat; 다람쥐 squirrel; 쥐다 grasp, grab, hold, take hold of, grip
+
;즈:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 즈|| 즈음 about the time (when)
 +
|-
 +
|즉|| promptly, quick (即jí); 즉시, 즉각 immediately; 즉 namely, that is, i.e.; just, exactly;
 +
|-
 +
|즐|| 즐기다 enjoy, pleasure, have fun; comb, comb teeth, row (櫛 zhì)
 +
|-
 +
|증|| testify, evidence 증가다 be exhausted, tired
 +
 +
|}
  
  
===즈===
 
  
즈음 about the time (when)
+
;지:
  
즉promptly, quick [即jí]; 즉시, 즉각 immediately; 즉 namely, that is, i.e.; just, exactly;
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 지|| 지네 centipede; <br>지  finger; branch; earth; paper; 지다 become; lose, be defeated지르다 shout, yell 지우다 delete, remove, erase
 +
|-
 +
| 직|| 직박구리 bulbul (bird); 직- job, employment; straight, direct
 +
|-
 +
|진|| 진달래 azaleaadvance; e.g., 진화 evolution (bio.) 진하다 strong (flavor), dark, deep, thick, heavy;
 +
|-
 +
| 질|| 질문 question; 질 quality, nature, disposition; pudenda; 질소 nitrogen
 +
|-
 +
|짐|| luggage, baggage, load, cargo, freight; burden, nuisance
 +
|-
 +
|집|| house; 집다 gather, collect; grasp, pick up
 +
|-
 +
|짓|| 짓다 cook; make, build; make up, fabricate; form; write, compose; to name;
 +
|-
 +
| 징|| punish, reprimand, warn (懲 chéng);characteristic, symptom, phenomenon; request, impose (徵 zhēng)
 +
|-
 +
| 짙|| 짙다 deep, dark, thick, heavy, dense, strong (e.g., texture, odor, expression)
  
즐즐기다 enjoy, pleasure, have fun; comb, comb teeth, row [櫛 zhì]
+
 +
|}
  
증testify, evidence 증가다 be exhausted, tired
 
  
  
===지===
+
== ==
  
지네 centipede;  
+
;짜:
  
지 finger; branch; earth; paper; 지다 become; lose, be defeated지르다 shout, yell 지우다 delete, remove, erase
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 짜|| 짜다 weave, knit, put zs.; squeeze, wring out, press; 짜다 salty; stingy, cheap; 짜장; 짜증 irritation (at/with), annoyance
 +
|-
 +
| 짠|| salty, e.g., 짠물 saltwater
 +
|-
 +
|짝|| pair; mate, spouse; 짝수 even number뽕짝 trot music, 트로트 반짝거리다 twinkle
 +
|-
 +
|짧|| 짧다 short; lacking, brief, insufficient, poor; abbreviated (length, duration)
 +
|-
 +
|짱|| 짱(아)! great!<nowiki>; 베짱이 katydid </nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
|째|| -째 ordinal numerals, x<sup>th</sup> 째다 cut into, lance, incise; 째다 tight, too small, pinch; insufficient, in need of
 +
|-
 +
|쨍|| 쨍쨍 sound symbolism: bright sun
 +
|-
 +
|쨍|| 쨍그랑 clink (onom., e.g., glass)
 +
|-
 +
|쨔 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쨰 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
직직박구리 bulbul (bird); 직- job, employment; straight, direct
 
  
진진달래 azaleaadvance; e.g., 진화 evolution (bio.) 진하다 strong (flavor), dark, deep, thick, heavy;
 
  
질질문 question; 질 quality, nature, disposition; pudenda; 질소 nitrogen
+
;쩌:
  
짐luggage, baggage, load, cargo, freight; burden, nuisance
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쩌|| 쩌쩌 tsk, tsk (?)
 +
|-
 +
|쩝|| 쩝쩝 onom.: smacking lips
 +
|-
 +
|쩡|| 쩡쩡 snap, crackling
 +
|-
 +
|쩨|| 쩨쩨하다 small-minded, petty, narrow-minded, cheap, stingy
 +
|-
 +
|쪄|| 쪄> 찌다 fatten
 +
|-
 +
|쪠 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
집house; 집다 gather, collect; grasp, pick up
 
  
짓짓다 cook; make, build; make up, fabricate; form; write, compose; to name;
 
  
징punish, reprimand, warn [懲 chéng];characteristic, symptom, phenomenon; request, impose [徵 zhēng]
+
;쪼:
  
짙짙다 deep, dark, thick, heavy, dense, strong (e.g., texture, odor, expression)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쪼|| 쪼다 peck (at), chisel
 +
|-
 +
|쪽|| 쪽 side쪽지 note, message, slip of paper
 +
|-
 +
|쫑|| 마늘쫑 garlic stems
 +
|-
 +
|쫓|| 쫓다 pursue, chase, run after, trail, track,drive sb/st out/away
 +
|-
 +
|쫘  || -
 +
|-
 +
|쫴 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쬐|| 쬐다 shine on/over, warm oneself, bask
 +
|-
 +
|쬬|| 쬬스(떡볶이)  
  
 +
 +
|}
  
  
 +
;쭈:
  
== ㅉ ==
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쭈|| 쭈꾸미 webfoot octopus, short arm octopus; 쭈그리다 crouch, squat (down)
 +
|-
 +
|쭉|| straight, directly;철쭉 (wild) azalea
 +
|-
 +
|쭤 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쮀 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쮜 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쮸 || -
 +
   
 +
|}
  
===짜===
 
  
짜다 weave, knit, put zs.; squeeze, wring out, press; 짜다 salty; stingy, cheap; 짜장; 짜증 irritation (at/with), annoyance
 
  
짠salty, e.g., 짠물 saltwater
+
;쯔:
  
짝pair; mate, spouse; 짝수 even number뽕짝 trot music, 트로트 반짝거리다 twinkle
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
|쯤|| about, around, approx. (numerals)
 +
|-
 +
|쯰 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
짧짧다 short; lacking, brief, insufficient, poor; abbreviated (length, duration)
 
  
짱짱(아)! great!<nowiki>; 베짱이 katydid </nowiki>
 
  
째-째 ordinal numerals, x<sup>th</sup> 째다 cut into, lance, incise; 째다 tight, too small, pinch; insufficient, in need of
+
;찌:
  
쨍쨍쨍 sound symbolism: bright sun
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 찌|| 찌다 gain weight, grow, fatten 찌다 be hot, to steam; 찌개찌르다 pierce, stab, prick, prod, poke; nudge; stick (hand into pocket)
 +
|-
 +
|찍|| 찍다 print, stamp, imprint; cut down;  chop, hack; thrust, pierce, spear; take photo
 +
|-
 +
|찐|| 찐빵 steamed bun
 +
|-
 +
|찜|| steamed dish
 +
|-
 +
|찔|| 찔 > 찌르다
 +
|-
 +
|찡  || -
 +
|-
 +
|찢|| 찢다 tear, rip, split
 +
|-
 +
|찧|| 찧다 pound, hull (grains)|-
 +
 +
|}
  
쨍그랑 clink [onom., e.g., glass]
 
  
 
  
+
== ㅊ ==
  
 +
;차:
  
===쩌===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 차 || car; tea; difference, disparity 차다 cold, chilly
 +
|-
 +
|착|| 착하다 good-natured, nice, good착잡~ mixed, uneasy, complicated
 +
|-
 +
| 착 || mistake(n), confused
 +
|-
 +
|찬|| food, dishes (반찬)<nowiki>; praise</nowiki>찬란~ brilliant, splendid; radiant, resplendent
 +
|-
 +
| 찮|| 하찮다 trivial, trifling, petty, unimportant
 +
|-
 +
|찰|| sticky; observe (察 chá)
 +
|-
 +
|참|| 참새 sparrow; 참나무 oak; 참외; 참 participate, attend; 참 really, truly, indeed 참다 be patient, endure, bear, restrain o.s.
 +
|-
 +
|창|| window; sing
 +
|-
 +
|찾|| 찾다 search, find
  
쩌쩌 tsk, tsk [?]
+
채|| vegetable; select, pick, collect, choose, gather (採 cǎi); 채 racket, stick, club; 파리채 flyswatter채우다 fill; 채다 snatch away, run away w.
 +
|-
 +
|책|| book; plan
 +
|-
 +
|챙|| 챙기다 take, pack; take care of (s.o.) visor, brim (hat); 챙기다 pack (up), take care of/for, look after (s.t./s.o.)
 +
|-
 +
|챠 || -
 +
|-
 +
|챼 || -
 +
 +
|}
  
쩝쩝쩝 onom.: smacking lips
 
  
쩡쩡쩡 snap, crackling
 
  
쩨쩨쩨하다 small-minded, petty, narrow-minded, cheap, stingy
+
;처:
  
> 찌다 fatten
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 처 || place, office; 처칠 Churchill; 처가 wife’s family’s home
 +
|-
 +
|척|| spine (척추), back, ridge; closely, tightly; pretend
 +
|-
 +
|천|| thousand; heaven, sky; 1000; 천동 thunder;
 +
|-
 +
|철|| temple; iron, steel; wisdom, judgment; season; remove; 철쭉 (wild) azalea
 +
|-
 +
|첨|| add, increase (添tiān<span style="color:#000099;">) </span>
 +
|-
 +
|첫|| the first, new; 첫자 first bus/train
 +
|-
 +
| 청|| 청바지 blue jeans;
 +
|-
 +
|청|| 계청; 청동 bronze; 청어 herring; 청 request; listen (聽tīng); membrane, film; govt. office; clean;
 +
|-
 +
| 체|| 체리 cherry; 체 strainer, sieve, sifter; body; “face” 체면 體面
 +
|-
 +
|첼 || 첼로 cello
 +
|-
 +
| 쳐|| 쳐다보다 gaze, stare, look in direction of; <br> > 치다 hit; consider, count; set up; put in; remove
 +
|-
 +
|쳬 || -
  
+
|}
  
  
===쪼
 
  
쪼다 peck (at), chisel
+
;초:
  
쪽쪽 side쪽지 note, message, slip of paper
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 초|| vinegar; grass (草); 초록(색) (草綠); second; candle; 초콜릿 chocolate
 +
|-
 +
|촌|| village
 +
|-
 +
|총 || gun (銃chòng); all, general
 +
|-
 +
|촤
 +
|-
 +
|촬|| gather, little pit; filming, e.g., 촬영
 +
|-
 +
|쵀
 +
|-
 +
|최|| most, ultra; hurry, press, urge, hasten, expedite (催 cuī) 취고 highest
 +
|-
 +
|쵸 || -
  
쫑마늘쫑 garlic stems
+
|}
  
쫓쫓다 pursue, chase, run after, trail, track,drive sb/st out/away
 
  
 
  
+
;추:
  
쬐쬐다 shine on/over, warm oneself, bask
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 추|| 고추 chili pepper; 추어 mudfish;
 +
|-
 +
|추|| 추다 dance; autumn; ugly; 추석 Chuseok; 추가 addition, addendum;
 +
|-
 +
|축|| congratulate, celebrate
 +
|-
 +
|춘|| springtime (春)
 +
|-
 +
|충|| insect; full, enough (곤충)
 +
|-
 +
|출|| departure
 +
|-
 +
| 춤|| dancing
 +
|-
 +
|춰 || -
 +
|-
 +
|췌 || -
 +
|-
 +
|취|| 취나물 (ligularia?); 취소~ cancel, postpone;취 ~ intoxicated, drunk;
 +
|-
 +
|츄 || -
  
쬬쬬스(떡볶이)
+
|}
  
  
===쭈===
 
  
쭈꾸미 webfoot octopus, short arm octopus; 쭈그리다 crouch, squat (down)
+
;츠:
  
쭉straight, directly;철쭉 (wild) azalea
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 츠|| 티셔츠 T-shirt
 +
|-
 +
| 측|| side; to lean; survey, measure (測 cè)
 +
|-
 +
| 층|| story, floor; layer, class, stratum
 +
|-
 +
| 츼|| -
  
+
|}
  
 
  
+
;치:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 치|| 치타 cheetah; 치자 gardenia seeds;치다 hit, attack; 치마 skirt; 치 tooth;
 +
|-
 +
| 칙|| rule, law, grade, oblique (則 zé)
 +
|-
 +
| 친|| 친~ close (to); 친구 friend
 +
|-
 +
| 칠|| seven
 +
|-
 +
| 침|| saliva; acupuncture needle (침 맞다); 침팬지 chimpanzee
  
 +
|}
  
===쯔===
 
  
쯤about, around, approx. (numerals)
 
  
 
  
  
===찌===
+
== ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅉ  ==
  
찌다 gain weight, grow, fatten 찌다 be hot, to steam; 찌개찌르다 pierce, stab, prick, prod, poke; nudge; stick (hand into pocket)
 
  
찍찍다 print, stamp, imprint; cut down,
+
{| class="wikitable"
 
+
!!!! !!
chop, hack; thrust, pierce, spear; take photo
+
|-
 
+
|| 자몽 grapefruit || 차 car; tea || 짜다 salty; squeeze, wring out, press
찐찐빵 steamed bun
+
|-  
 
+
|| 작가 writer || 작다 small || 착 good  
찜steamed dish
+
|-
 
+
|| 잔 cup || 찬 food (반찬); praise || 짠물 saltwater
찔 > 찌르다
+
|-
 
+
|| 잠 sleep; 잠그다 to lock || 참새 sparrow || 짬뽕 jjambong soup  
+
|-
 
+
|| 장어 eel; soy sauce 간장 || 창문 window; sing || 짱 best, super, very  
찢찢다 tear, rip, split
+
|-
 
+
|| 재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill || 채 vegetable; 파리채 flyswatter || 째다 cut, lance, incise  
찧찧다 pound, hull (grains)
+
|-
 
+
|| 저녁 dinner || 처방 prescription || -
 
+
|-
 
+
|| 전 pancake || 천 thousand, ₩1000; sky, heaven; ||-
==  ㅊ ==
+
|-
 
+
|| 정 a well; 정자 pavilion; || 청바지 blue jeans || -
===차===
+
|-
 
+
|| 제비a swallow; || 체리 cherry; 체 strainer || -
차 car; tea; difference, disparity 차다 cold, chilly
+
|-
 
+
|| 조개 clam || 초 candle; vinegar; grass;초록색 green, verdant || -
착착하다 good-natured, nice, good착잡~ mixed, uneasy, complicated
+
|-
 
+
|| 종 (종소리) bell || 총 gun, e.g., 물총 || -
착 mistake(n), confused
+
|-
 
+
|| 존 John; zone; 존경 respect, admiration || 촌 village || -
찬food, dishes (반찬)<nowiki>; praise</nowiki>찬란~ brilliant, splendid; radiant, resplendent
+
|-
 
+
|| 죄 crime, guilt, sin || 최 most || -
찮하찮다 trivial, trifling, petty, unimportant
+
|-
 
+
|| 주 liquor || 추: 고추; 추다 dance; 추석 || -
찰sticky; observe [察 chá]
+
|-
 
+
|| 쥐 mouse, rat || 취나물 ligularia; 취~ drunk || -
참참새 sparrow; 참나무 oak; 참외; 참 participate, attend; 참 really, truly, indeed 참다 be patient, endure, bear, restrain o.s.
+
|-
 
+
|| 지네 centipede || 치타 cheetah || 찌다 gain weight, fatten
창window; sing
 
 
 
찾찾다 search, find
 
 
 
채vegetable; select, pick, collect, choose, gather [採 cǎi]; 채 racket, stick, club; 파리채 flyswatter채우다 fill; 채다 snatch away, run away w.
 
 
 
책book; plan
 
 
 
챙챙기다 take, pack; take care of (s.o.) visor, brim (hat); 챙기다 pack (up), take care of/for, look after (s.t./s.o.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===처===
 
 
 
처 place, office; 처칠 Churchill; 처가 wife’s family’s home
 
 
 
척spine (척추), back, ridge; closely, tightly; pretend
 
 
 
천thousand; heaven, sky; 1000; 천동 thunder;
 
 
 
철temple; iron, steel; wisdom, judgment; season; remove; 철쭉 (wild) azalea
 
 
 
첨add, increase [添tiān<span style=="color:#000099;">] </span>
 
 
 
첫the first, new; 첫자 first bus/train
 
 
 
청청바지 blue jeans;
 
 
 
청계청; 청동 bronze; 청어 herring; 청 request; listen [聽tīng]; membrane, film; govt. office; clean;
 
 
 
체체리 cherry; 체 strainer, sieve, sifter; body; “face” 체면 體面
 
 
 
첼 첼로 cello
 
 
 
쳐쳐다보다 gaze, stare, look in direction of;
 
 
 
> 치다 hit; consider, count; set up; put in; remove
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===초===vinegar; grass [草]; 초록(색) [草綠]; second; candle; 초콜릿 chocolate
 
 
 
촌village
 
 
 
총 gun [銃chòng]; all, general
 
 
 
 
 
 
촬gather, little pit; filming, e.g., 촬영
 
 
 
 
 
 
최most, ultra; hurry, press, urge, hasten, expedite [催 cuī] 취고 highest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===추===
 
 
 
고추 chili pepper; 추어 mudfish;
 
 
 
추다 dance; autumn; ugly; 추석 Chuseok; 추가 addition, addendum;
 
 
 
축congratulate, celebrate
 
 
 
춘springtime [春]
 
 
 
충insect; full, enough [곤충]
 
 
 
출departure
 
 
 
춤dancing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
취취나물 (ligularia?); 취소~ cancel, postpone;취 ~ intoxicated, drunk;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===츠===
 
 
 
티셔츠 T-shirt
 
 
 
측side; to lean; survey, measure [測 cè]
 
 
 
층story, floor; layer, class, stratum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===치===
 
 
 
치타 cheetah; 치자 gardenia seeds;치다 hit, attack; 치마 skirt; 치 tooth;
 
 
 
칙rule, law, grade, oblique [則 zé]
 
 
 
친친~ close (to); 친구 friend
 
 
 
칠seven
 
 
 
침saliva; acupuncture needle (침 맞다); 침팬지 chimpanzee
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==  Cf. , , ==
 
 
 
 
 
{| style=="border-spacing:0;width:169.95mm;"
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 자몽 grapefruit  
 
|| 차 car; tea  
 
|| 짜다 salty; squeeze, wring out, press  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 작가 writer; 작다 small  
 
|| 착 good  
 
||
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 잔 cup  
 
|| 찬 food (반찬); praise  
 
|| 짠물 saltwater  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 잠 sleep; 잠그다 to lock  
 
|| 참새 sparrow  
 
|| 짬뽕 jjambong soup  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 장어 eel; soy sauce 간장
 
|| 창문 window; sing  
 
|| 짱 best, super, very  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill  
 
|| 채 vegetable; 파리채 flyswatter  
 
|| 째다 cut, lance, incise
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 저녁 dinner  
 
|| 처방 prescription  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 전 pancake  
 
|| 천 thousand, ₩1000; sky, heaven;  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 정 a well; 정자 pavilion;  
 
|| 청바지 blue jeans  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 제비a swallow;  
 
|| 체리 cherry; 체 strainer
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 조개 clam  
 
|| 초 candle; vinegar; grass;초록색 green, verdant  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 종 (종소리) bell
 
|| 총 gun, e.g., 물총  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 존 John; zone; 존경 respect, admiration  
 
|| 촌 village  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 죄 crime, guilt, sin  
 
|| 최 most  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 주 liquor  
 
|| 추: 고추; 추다 dance; 추석  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 쥐 mouse, rat  
 
|| 취나물 ligularia; 취~ drunk  
 
||  
 
|- style=="border:none;padding:1.01mm;"
 
|| 지네 centipede
 
|| 치타 cheetah  
 
|| 찌다 gain weight, fatten
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
Line 2,312: Line 2,778:
  
  
 +
==ㅋ ==
  
 +
;카:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 카|| 카레 curry
 +
|-
 +
|칸||  room, chamber, partition, train car
 +
|-
 +
|칼|| knife
 +
|-
 +
| 캄|| 캄캄하다 very dark, pitch-black캄보디아 Cambodia
 +
|-
 +
|캐|| 캐나다 Canada캐다 dig into/up, unearth; probe, pry, inquire (pej.)
 +
|-
 +
|캬 || -
 +
|-
 +
|컈 || -
  
 +
|}
  
==  ㅋ ==
 
  
===카===
 
  
카레 curry
+
;커:
  
칸 room, chamber, partition, train car
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 커|| 커피 coffee; 커닝 cheating; > 크다; 커브 (road) curve) 시커멓다 jet black
 +
|-
 +
|컴|| 컴퓨타
 +
|-
 +
|컵|| cup
 +
|-
 +
|컷|| (hair)cut; illustration, artwork; -컷animal gender
 +
|-
 +
|케 ||  -
 +
|-
 +
|켜|| 켜다 switch, turn on
 +
|-
 +
|켸 || -
  
칼knife
+
|}
  
캄캄캄하다 very dark, pitch-black캄보디아 Cambodia
 
  
캐캐나다 Canada캐다 dig into/up, unearth; probe, pry, inquire (pej.)
+
;코:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 코|| nose; 코끼리 elephant
 +
|-
 +
| 콘|| 콘도르 condor, vulture
 +
|-
 +
| 콕|| prick, poke, sting (콕+찌르다, 쏘다, 쪼다)
 +
|-
 +
|콤 ||  -ish (esp. flavor)
 +
|-
 +
|콧|| 코-, e.g., 콧구멍 a nostril
 +
|-
 +
|콩|| soybean; 콩나물 bean sprouts
 +
|-
 +
|콰
 +
|-
 +
|콱 || roughly, violently, strongly
 +
|-
 +
|쾌|| pleasant, refreshing (快), e.g., 상쾌~ fresh, refreshing
 +
|-
 +
|쾨 || -
 +
|-
 +
|쿄 || -
  
+
|}
  
  
===커===
 
  
커피 coffee; 커닝 cheating; > 크다; 커브 (road) curve) 시커멓다 jet black
+
;쿠:
  
컴 컴퓨타
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 쿠|| 쿠키 cookie
 +
|-
 +
|쿼 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퀘 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퀴 || -
 +
|-
 +
|큐 || -
  
컵cup
+
|}
  
컷(hair)cut; illustration, artwork; -컷animal gender
 
  
 
  
켜켜다 switch, turn on
+
;크:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 크|| 크다 large, grow; 크기 size, volume
 +
|-
 +
|큰|| big
 +
|-
 +
|킈||
  
===코===nose; 코끼리 elephant
+
|}
  
콘콘도르 condor, vulture
 
  
콕prick, poke, sting (콕+찌르다, 쏘다, 쪼다)
 
  
콤 -ish (esp. flavor)
+
;키:
  
콧코-, e.g., 콧구멍 a nostril
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 키 || key; rudder, helm, steering; (one’s) height 키우다 raise, rear, bread (동물, 식물, 人)
  
콩soybean; 콩나물 bean sprouts
+
|}
  
 
  
콱 roughly, violently, strongly
 
  
쾌pleasant, refreshing [快], e.g., 상쾌~ fresh, refreshing
+
== ㅌ ==
  
+
;타:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 타|| 타자 (기) typing (typewriter); 타다 ride, board, take; burn, blaze, be on fire; be sensitive to; mix (up), add; split others (他); hit
 +
|-
 +
| 탁|| 탁자 table;
 +
|-
 +
| 탄|| 탄 coal, briqueete; 탄소 carbon; bullet, spring; coal; be born
 +
|-
 +
|탈|| escape, take off (脫 tuō)
 +
|-
 +
|탉|| 수탉 rooster, 암탉 hen
 +
|-
 +
|탐|| search, spy (探 tàn)
 +
|-
 +
|탓|| 탓 reason, fault, blame; 은/는 탓에 due to (adversative)
 +
|-
 +
|탕|| soup, hot water
 +
|-
 +
| 태|| 태몽 pregnancy dream; 태 great(est), large; attitude; pregnant태우다 give a ride; burn
 +
|-
 +
|택|| taxi (택시); 택~ choose, select, pick (out), option, alternative (擇 zé); residence (宅 zhái), 택배
 +
|-
 +
|탯|| 태-, e.g., 탯줄 umbilical cord
 +
|-
 +
|탸 || -
 +
|-
 +
|턔 || -
  
 +
|}
  
===쿠===
 
  
쿠키 cookie
 
  
+
;터:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 터|| site, place (e.g., 빵굼티);(...할) 터이다 intention, intend, expect;터지다 explode; break out
 +
|-
 +
|턱|| chin
 +
|-
 +
|털|| wool, fur, hair 털다 dust, brush (off/down) (e.g., furniture); empty; rob, steal, burglarize
 +
|-
 +
|텃|| 텃밭 family / veg. garden
 +
|-
 +
|테|| 테니스 tennis
 +
|-
 +
| 텐|| 텐트 tent; 텐데(요) should (conjecture, expectation)
 +
|-
 +
| 텔|| 텔레비전
 +
|-
 +
|텨 || -
 +
|-
 +
|톄 || -
  
+
|}
  
 
  
  
===크===
+
;토:
  
크다 large, grow; 크기 size, volume
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 토|| 토마토 tomato; 토끼 rabbit; 토 soil, land; discuss; 토하다 vomit
 +
|-
 +
|톱|| saw
 +
|-
 +
|통|| can, box, tub, tube; 통~ go thru, circulate, communicate, conduct (通); -통해 via, thru; 통 pain, intense; whole, bulk
 +
|-
 +
|톼 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퇘 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퇴|| retreat, leave (退 tuì)
 +
|-
 +
|툐 || -
  
큰big
 
  
+
|}
  
  
===키===key; rudder, helm, steering; (one’s) height 키우다 raise, rear, bread (동물, 식물, 人)
+
;투:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 투|| 투표 ballot, vote; 사투리 dialect; <br> fight, struggle, condemn, contend, put together (鬥, 鬪, 斗 dòu); throw, send, invest (投 tóu); cover, wrap; penetrate, thru, appear (透 tòu) →
 +
|-
 +
| 불|| 투명~ opaque; uncertain, unclear, ambiguous
 +
|-
 +
|퉈 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퉤 || -
 +
|-
 +
|튀 || 튀다 spatter, splash, splatter; bounce; 튀기다 fry, pop; 튀김
 +
|-
 +
|튜 || -
  
  
==  ㅌ ==
+
|}
  
===타===
 
  
타자 (기) typing (typewriter); 타다 ride, board, take; burn, blaze, be on fire; be sensitive to; mix (up), add; split others [他]; hit
+
;트:
  
탁탁자 table;  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 트|| 트다 bud, sprout, germinate; be/get chapped; dawn; open, meet (kennen­-lernen) 트루트 trot music
 +
|-
 +
| 튼|| 튼튼하다 strong, sturdy
 +
|-
 +
|특||  special
 +
|-
 +
|튼||  chapped, e.g., 튼손
 +
|-
 +
| 틀 || 틀다 twist, turn; 틀리다 be mistaken, wrong, incorrect, error; 틀림 mistake, error, fault, discrepancy틀림없다 sure, certainframe, pattern, mold; shape, outline
 +
|-
 +
|틈|| a crack, gap, break, crevice; (spare) time; chance, opportunity
 +
|-
 +
|틔 || -
  
탄탄 coal, briqueete; 탄소 carbon; bullet, spring; coal; be born
+
|}
  
탈escape, take off [脫 tuō]
 
  
탉수탉 rooster, 암탉 hen
 
  
탐search, spy [探 tàn]
+
;티:
  
탓탓 reason, fault, blame; 은/는 탓에 due to (adversative)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 티|| 티셔츠 T-shirt; particle, (speck of) dust, dirt; flaw, defect
  
탕soup, hot water
+
|}
  
태태몽 pregnancy dream; 태 great(est), large; attitude; pregnant태우다 give a ride; burn
 
  
택taxi [택시]; 택~ choose, select, pick (out), option, alternative [擇 zé]; residence [宅 zhái], 택배
 
  
탯태-, e.g., 탯줄 umbilical cord
 
  
+
==ㅍ ==
  
+
;파:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 파|| green onion; 파리 fly; 파란 blue/greento break; a wave; branch 파다 dig, excavate, burrow; carve
 +
|-
 +
|판||  판다 panda;판 board, plank (판자); printing; sell; judge; (k) place, situation
 +
|-
 +
|팔|| arm; eight; 팔다 sell
 +
|-
 +
|팥|| (dry farm) field; 豆沙
 +
|-
 +
|패|| badge, signboard, tablet; 패다 break (wood) to pieces, chop, split, beat; be dug or hollowed out 패하다 lose, be defeated
 +
|-
 +
|팽|| around, circling, (going) about; swelling (zh)
 +
|-
 +
|퍄 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퍠 || -
  
===터===site, place [e.g., 빵굼티];(...할) 터이다 intention, intend, expect;터지다 explode; break out
+
|}
  
턱chin
 
  
털wool, fur, hair 털다 dust, brush (off/down) (e.g., furniture); empty; rob, steal, burglarize
 
  
텃텃밭 family / veg. garden
+
;퍼:
  
테테니스 tennis
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 퍼|| 퍼센트 percent; 퍼지다 spread out, widen, broaden, propagate, prevail, multiply (abstract, non-tangible things, e.g., rumor, smell)
 +
|-
 +
| 펭|| 펭귄 penguin
 +
|-
 +
|펴|| 펴다 unfold, spread, lay out, open, straighten, press, smooth (out) (e.g., paper, wrinkles), stretch (out), extend
 +
|-
 +
| 편|| 편지 letter;slice, piece, mail (片); side; means;편~ convenient, comfortable, relaxed;
 +
|-
 +
|펼|| 펼치다 open, unfold, stretch out, spread (e.g., wings) 펼쳐지다 spread, be held, lie open
 +
|-
 +
|평|| flat, even; peaceful, ordinary;critique, assess(ment), evaluation, criticism
 +
|-
 +
|폐|| lung; to close, closed; abolish(ed);
  
텐텐트 tent; 텐데(요) should [conjecture, expectation]
 
  
텔텔레비전
+
|}
  
 
  
+
;포:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 포|| wrap; 포도; dried meat/fish slices; gun, cannon; 포기다 give up, abandon
 +
|-
 +
|폭 || explode
 +
|-
 +
|퐈 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퐤 || -
 +
|-
 +
|푀 || -
 +
|-
 +
|표|| ticket; chart; surface; manifest; 표현~ express, show
  
===토===
+
|}
  
토마토 tomato; 토끼 rabbit; 토 soil, land; discuss; 토하다 vomit
 
  
톱saw
 
  
통can, box, tub, tube; 통~ go thru, circulate, communicate, conduct [通]; -통해 via, thru; 통 pain, intense; whole, bulk
+
;푸:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 푸|| 푸다 scoop, ladle, spoon (out/up)
 +
|-
 +
| 푹|| 푹발~ explode, busrt; 푹 sinking deeply, stuck; thorough(ly), hard, thru, completely, entirely, fast, soundly, deep(ly), sharply
 +
|-
 +
|풀|| grass; paste, starch, glue 풀다 untie, undo, untangle, unfasten, unpack; unbutton, open, unwrap; relax, loosen, unwind; solve; resolve; release, lift, remove; send out; (코를) blow one’s nose
 +
|-
 +
|풋|| 풋- unripe, green (e.g., 풋고추)
 +
|-
 +
|품|| goods, article; grade
 +
|-
 +
|풍|| wind; scenery; customs;
 +
|-
 +
|풔 || -
 +
|-
 +
|풰 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퓌 || -
 +
|-
 +
|퓨 || -
  
+
|}
  
퇴retreat, leave [退 tuì]
 
  
 
  
 +
;프:
  
===투===
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 프|| 아프다 sick, painful; 플랑스 France
 +
|-
 +
|픠
  
투표 ballot, vote; 사투리 dialect
+
|}
  
fight, struggle, condemn, contend, put together [鬥, 鬪, 斗 dòu]; throw, send, invest [投 tóu]; cover, wrap; penetrate, thru, appear [透 tòu] →
 
  
불투명~ opaque; uncertain, unclear, ambiguous
 
  
+
;피:
  
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 피|| blood; skin; avoid, escape 피다 bloom, blossom; spread (by flattening), straighten, flatten; open (book)
 +
|-
 +
|필|| necessary; certainly, inevitably;pen, writing (笔, 筆)
  
튀튀다 spatter, splash, splatter; bounce; 튀기다 fry, pop; 튀김
+
|}
  
 
  
  
===트===
 
  
트다 bud, sprout, germinate; be/get chapped; dawn; open, meet (kennen­-lernen) 트루트 trot music
+
== ㅎ ==
  
튼튼튼하다 strong, sturdy
+
;하:
  
특 special
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 하|| 하마 hippopotamus; 하모니카 harmonica; 下; 河 river (hé); 하늘 sky
 +
|-
 +
|학|| 學
 +
|-
 +
|한|| 韓; 漢; one, same
 +
|-
 +
|할|| cut, divide (割 gē)
 +
|-
 +
|핥|| 핥다 lick
 +
|-
 +
|함|| small box, case (割 hé)
 +
|-
 +
|합 || unite, join, together; union
 +
|-
 +
|항|| port, harbor
 +
|-
 +
|해|| sun, sunlight; year; harm, damage, injury (害); sea, ocean
 +
|-
 +
|핵||  nucleus, pit, stone; (核 hé)
 +
|-
 +
|행|| go, act, way; row, series (行 háng)fortune; to face; province, hometown
 +
|-
 +
|햐  || -
 +
|-
 +
|향|| fragrance, fragrant; 향~, 향해 face, facing, bound for
 +
|-
 +
|햬 || -
  
튼 chapped, e.g., 튼손
+
|}
  
틀 틀다 twist, turn; 틀리다 be mistaken, wrong, incorrect, error; 틀림 mistake, error, fault, discrepancy틀림없다 sure, certainframe, pattern, mold; shape, outline
 
  
틈a crack, gap, break, crevice; (spare) time; chance, opportunity
 
  
+
;허:
  
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 허|| permit, permission; empty, vain 허리 waist, lower back
 +
|-
 +
| 헌 || constitution; to offer; (k) used, old; 헌금 offering, collection (church)
 +
|-
 +
| 험 || 시험 examine, test; 험하다 rough, tough, rugged, hard, dangerous, perilous; sly, wily, underhanded; foul-mouthed
 +
|-
 +
| 헐|| 헐다 (clothes) wear out; demolish, tear down; 헐렁하다 loose, loose-fitting, baggy
 +
|-
 +
|헛|| 헛개 (tea of) oriental raisin tree (hovenia dulcis)
 +
|-
 +
|헤|| 헤게모니 hegemony; 헤지펀드 hedge fund; 헤매다 wander, roam
 +
|-
 +
|헷|| 헷갈리다 be confused
 +
|-
 +
| 헹|| 헹구다 wash, rinse
 +
|-
 +
|혀|| tongue (舌 shé?)
 +
|-
 +
|혁 || leather
 +
|-
 +
|현 || now, current; appear
 +
|-
 +
| 혈|| blood;
 +
|-
 +
|혐|| harmony, union
 +
|-
 +
|협|| threaten; assist, jointly
 +
|-
 +
|형 || shape, form; model, type; 兄 elder brother
 +
|-
 +
| 혜|| 혜성 comet
  
===티===
 
  
티셔츠 T-shirt; particle, (speck of) dust, dirt; flaw, defect
+
|}
  
  
 +
;호:
  
==  ㅍ ==
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 호|| 호두 walnut; 호랑이 tiger; number; good; call, exhale; 혹lump, bump; severe; confuse (惑 huò); 가혹~ severe, harsh
 +
|-
 +
|혼||  marriage; mix, confused; 혼자
 +
|-
 +
|홀 || hall; 홀로 single, alone
 +
|-
 +
|홍||  홍고추 red chili pepper; red
 +
|-
 +
|화|| fire, anger; flower; picture, drawing; talk, story; harmony, peace; change; -(iz)ation
 +
|-
 +
|확|| check, confirm; certain; correct, real, true, authentic (確 què); enlarge확인 confirm; 확고~ firm(ness), determination, solid, unwavering
 +
|-
 +
|환|| exchange; return; suffer (from), contract (illness) (患huàn)환대 hospitality, warm, cordial 환하다 light, bright (e.g., daytime), radiant; clear, open
  
===파===green onion; 파리 fly; 파란 blue/greento break; a wave; branch 파다 dig, excavate, burrow; carve
+
활|| live, lively, alive; 활짝 wide (open), in full bloom/blossom
 +
|-
 +
|황|| emperor; huge; desolate; situation; sulfur; yellow (黃), e.g., 황사
 +
|-
 +
|홰|| perch > 횃대
 +
|-
 +
|홱|| suddenly, quickly, vigorously, w/ a jerk
 +
|-
 +
|회|| meeting, gather; return; 회색 gray
 +
|-
 +
|획|| 계획plan, schedule, program (劃 huà: transfer, plan, assign; character stroke)
 +
|-
 +
|횡|| 횡단 cross, traverse, crossing 횡령 embezzle(ment), misappropriation<br>
 +
(> 橫 héng/hèng, sideways, horizontal, flagrant; unexpected, perverse)
 +
|-
 +
| 효|| 발효 fermentation; 효 effect, efficacy, imitate (效 xiào); filial piety
  
판 판다 panda;판 board, plank [판자]; printing; sell; judge; [k] place, situation
+
|}
  
팔arm; eight; 팔다 sell
 
  
팥(dry farm) field; 豆沙
+
  
패badge, signboard, tablet; 패다 break (wood) to pieces, chop, split, beat; be dug or hollowed out 패하다 lose, be defeated
+
;후:
  
팽around, circling, (going) about; swelling [zh]
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 후|| 후추 black pepper; 후 back, after, later
 +
|-
 +
|훈|| teach, admonish
 +
|-
 +
|훔|| 훔치다 steal, pilfer
 +
|-
 +
|훌|| 코를 훌쩍이다/거리다 sniff, sniffle 훌렁하다(/거리다) loose (clothing)
 +
|-
 +
|훑|| 훑다 strip off, scrub (out), remove
 +
|-
 +
|훠 || -
 +
|-
 +
|훼 || -
 +
|-
 +
| 휘|| 어휘vocabulary, lexicon (彙 huì ‘gather, converge, transfer); wield, direct
 +
|-
 +
|휴|| rest
 +
|-
 +
| 흉|| evil, unlucky, terrible, fearful (兇 xiōng); (kr) scar, flaw
  
 
  
+
|}
  
  
===퍼===
+
;흐:
  
퍼센트 percent; 퍼지다 spread out, widen, broaden, propagate, prevail, multiply (abstract, non-tangible things, e.g., rumor, smell)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 흐|| 흐르아 flow, run; pass, go by, elapse 흐리다 cloudy, blurry
 +
|-
 +
|흔|| 흔들다, 흔들리다 shake, wave, rock, sway, tremble; 마흔 forty
 +
|-
 +
|흑|| black, dark 黑
 +
|-
 +
|흘|| 흘리다 drop, shed (object, tears, etc.); 흘기다 look askance, give a sidelong glance / scowl
 +
|-
 +
|흙|| soil, earth, dirt, ground, mud, clay (ㄹ=Ø)
 +
|-
 +
|흡|| inhalation (吸 xī), 흡기
 +
|-
 +
| 흥|| 흥분~ overly excited; <br>fun, prosper, popular; permit<nowiki>; (興 xīng);</nowiki>흥미하다 have interest in;흥미롭다 interesting, exciting, attractive, amusing
 +
|-  
 +
|흩|| 흩다 scatter (about), strew, disperse; 흩어지다 scatter, be scattered, disperse, litter(ed)  
 +
|-
 +
|희 || rare, scarce; pleasure 희다 white, fair gray
 +
|-
 +
|흰|| 흰색 white
  
펭펭귄 penguin
+
|}
  
펴펴다 unfold, spread, lay out, open, straighten, press, smooth (out) (e.g., paper, wrinkles), stretch (out), extend
 
  
편편지 letterslice, piece, mail [片]; side; means;편~ convenient, comfortable, relaxed;
 
  
펼펼치다 open, unfold, stretch out, spread (e.g., wings) 펼쳐지다 spread, be held, lie open
+
;히:
  
평flat, even; peaceful, ordinary;critique, assess(ment), evaluation, criticism
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| 히|| 히터 heater; 히브리 Hebrew 
 +
|-
 +
|힌|| 힌두 Hindu
 +
|-
 +
|힐|| investigate, restrain, scold (詰 jié)
 +
|-
 +
|힘|| strength (physical), energy|-
  
폐lung; to close, closed; abolish(ed);
+
   
 
+
|}
===포===wrap; 포도; dried meat/fish slices; gun, cannon; 포기다 give up, abandon
 
 
 
폭 explode
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
표ticket; chart; surface; manifest; 표현~ express, show
 
 
 
 
 
===푸===
 
 
 
푸다 scoop, ladle, spoon (out/up)
 
 
 
푹푹발~ explode, busrt; 푹 sinking deeply, stuck; thorough(ly), hard, thru, completely, entirely, fast, soundly, deep(ly), sharply
 
 
 
풀grass; paste, starch, glue 풀다 untie, undo, untangle, unfasten, unpack; unbutton, open, unwrap; relax, loosen, unwind; solve; resolve; release, lift, remove; send out; [코를] blow one’s nose
 
 
 
풋풋- unripe, green (e.g., 풋고추)
 
 
 
품goods, article; grade
 
 
 
풍wind; scenery; customs;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===프===
 
 
 
아프다 sick, painful; 플랑스 France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===피===blood; skin; avoid, escape 피다 bloom, blossom; spread (by flattening), straighten, flatten; open (book)
 
 
 
필necessary; certainly, inevitably;pen, writing [笔, 筆]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
== ㅎ ==
 
 
 
===하===
 
 
 
하마 hippopotamus; 하모니카 harmonica; 下; 河 river [hé]; 하늘 sky
 
 
 
학學
 
 
 
한韓; 漢; one, same
 
 
 
할cut, divide [割 gē]
 
 
 
핥핥다 lick
 
 
 
함small box, case [割 hé]
 
 
 
합 unite, join, together; union
 
 
 
항port, harbor
 
 
 
해sun, sunlight; year; harm, damage, injury [害]; sea, ocean
 
 
 
핵 nucleus, pit, stone; [核 hé]
 
 
 
행go, act, way; row, series [行 háng]fortune; to face; province, hometown
 
 
 
 
 
 
향fragrance, fragrant; 향~, 향해 face, facing, bound for
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===허===permit, permission; empty, vain 허리 waist, lower back
 
 
 
헌 constitution; to offer; [k] used, old; 헌금 offering, collection (church)
 
 
 
험 시험 examine, test; 험하다 rough, tough, rugged, hard, dangerous, perilous; sly, wily, underhanded; foul-mouthed
 
 
 
헐헐다 (clothes) wear out; demolish, tear down; 헐렁하다 loose, loose-fitting, baggy
 
 
 
헛헛개 (tea of) oriental raisin tree [hovenia dulcis]
 
 
 
헤헤게모니 hegemony; 헤지펀드 hedge fund; 헤매다 wander, roam
 
 
 
헷헷갈리다 be confused
 
 
 
헹헹구다 wash, rinse
 
 
 
혀tongue [舌 shé?]
 
 
 
혁 leather
 
 
 
현 now, current; appear
 
 
 
혈blood;
 
 
 
혐harmony, union
 
 
 
협threaten; assist, jointly
 
 
 
형 shape, form; model, type; 兄 elder brother
 
 
 
혜혜성 comet
 
 
 
 
 
===호===
 
 
 
호두 walnut; 호랑이 tiger; number; good; call, exhale; 혹lump, bump; severe; confuse [惑 huò]; 가혹~ severe, harsh
 
 
 
혼 marriage; mix, confused; 혼자
 
 
 
홀 hall; 홀로 single, alone
 
 
 
홍 홍고추 red chili pepper; red
 
 
 
화fire, anger; flower; picture, drawing; talk, story; harmony, peace; change; -(iz)ation
 
 
 
확check, confirm; certain; correct, real, true, authentic [確 què]; enlarge확인 confirm; 확고~ firm(ness), determination, solid, unwavering
 
 
 
환exchange; return; suffer (from), contract (illness) [患huàn]환대 hospitality, warm, cordial 환하다 light, bright (e.g., daytime), radiant; clear, open
 
 
 
활live, lively, alive; 활짝 wide (open), in full bloom/blossom
 
 
 
황emperor; huge; desolate; situation; sulfur; yellow [黃], e.g., 황사
 
 
 
홰perch > 횃대
 
 
 
홱suddenly, quickly, vigorously, w/ a jerk
 
 
 
회meeting, gather; return; 회색 gray
 
 
 
획계획plan, schedule, program [劃 huà: transfer, plan, assign; character stroke]
 
 
 
횡횡단 cross, traverse, crossing 횡령 embezzle(ment), misappropriation
 
 
 
[> 橫 héng/hèng, sideways, horizontal, flagrant; unexpected, perverse]
 
 
 
효발효 fermentation; 효 effect, efficacy, imitate [效 xiào]; filial piety
 
 
 
 
 
==  ㅎ  ==
 
 
 
===후===
 
 
 
후추 black pepper; 후 back, after, later
 
 
 
훈teach, admonish
 
 
 
훔훔치다 steal, pilfer
 
 
 
훌코를 훌쩍이다/거리다 sniff, sniffle 훌렁하다(/거리다) loose (clothing)
 
 
 
훑훑다 strip off, scrub (out), remove
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
휘어휘vocabulary, lexicon [彙 huì ‘gather, converge, transfer]; wield, direct
 
 
 
휴rest
 
 
 
흉evil, unlucky, terrible, fearful [兇 xiōng]; [kr] scar, flaw
 
 
 
 
 
===흐===
 
 
 
흐르아 flow, run; pass, go by, elapse 흐리다 cloudy, blurry
 
 
 
흔흔들다, 흔들리다 shake, wave, rock, sway, tremble; 마흔 forty
 
 
 
흑black, dark 黑
 
 
 
흘흘리다 drop, shed (object, tears, etc.); 흘기다 look askance, give a sidelong glance / scowl
 
 
 
흙soil, earth, dirt, ground, mud, clay [ㄹ==Ø]
 
 
 
흡inhalation [吸 xī], 흡기
 
 
 
흥흥분~ overly excited
 
 
 
fun, prosper, popular; permit<nowiki>; [興 xīng];</nowiki>흥미하다 have interest in;흥미롭다 interesting, exciting, attractive, amusing
 
 
 
흩흩다 scatter (about), strew, disperse; 흩어지다 scatter, be scattered, disperse, litter(ed)
 
 
 
희 rare, scarce; pleasure 희다 white, fair gray
 
 
 
흰흰색 white
 
 
 
 
 
===히===
 
 
 
히터 heater; 히브리 Hebrew
 
 
 
힌힌두 Hindu
 
 
 
힐investigate, restrain, scold [詰 jié]
 
 
 
힘strength (physical), energy
 

Revision as of 21:22, 8 July 2019

Korean syllables

자음 (子音):     ㄱ ㄲㄴ ㄷ ㄸ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅃ ㅅ ㅆ ㅇ ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
모음 (母音): ㅏㅐㅑㅒ ㅓㅔㅕㅖㅗㅘㅙㅚㅛ ㅜㅝㅞㅟㅠㅡㅢ ㅣ



1

가 
가지 eggplant; 가시 thorn, prickle; fish bone;
각(도) angle (角); 각주 footnote
liver
릴매기 gull;
갈색 brown; 갈다 grind, sharpen
close (eyes); wind (up), coil
갑 case, box, packet; e.g., 지갑 wallet, coin purse; 장갑 glove
price, worth, value
fresh, brand new, e.g., 갓난 아기 infant; bamboo / horsehair hat, e.g., 삿갓: :
river; strong
갖다, 갖은 prepare, be equipped w.; (have) all kinds of, every, complete
같이, 같다
dog; open
gang(ster)
guest


거북기 turtle; 거울 mirror;
주걱 spatula, rice paddle; 걱정 (하다) worry, anxiety;
소건 towel; 건 dry; build, establish
걷다 walk
걸레 rag mop (대걸레, 자루걸레); Schlampe; 걸다 / 걸리다
검다, 검은색 black
fear, cowardice, fright, timid (겁나다) (怯 qiè)
것 thing; -것댜 tag Q; I think/suppose
-
surface, face, exterior, outer, right side; unhulled grain
crab
겨 grain/rice husks/hulls, chaff, bran; 겨울 winter겨드랑이 armpit
frame; class; case (gram.) (格 gé
겪다 experience, undergo
견과 nut;애견 pet (犬quǎn); 견인 to tow (car) (牵引 qiānyîn)
-
knot, tie, bind (結 jié); grain, texture; disposition, temper; decide 決 (결정~); 결혼~ marry
layer
-
mirror, -scope (鏡jìng); scriptures, classics



고릴라 gorilla; 고양이 cat; 고 warehouse, storage (庫kù)
곡 valley (zh); 곡식 grain;
곤돌라 gondola; 곤봉 club, cudgel; 곤색 navy, dark blue
곧다 be straight (length), upright;곧 soon
valley; goal (sports) 시골 countryside
bear
곱창 fried intestines; 봅셈, 곱다 multiplication;
곱다 beautiful, pretty, lovely, nice; warm / kind(-hearted), good-natured; soft, smooth; numb (from cold)
place, spot, seat
ball; peacock (공작, 孔雀); zero
곶감 dried persimmon
fruit; past, pass, cross (過)
city wall (郭 guō); outer coffin (槨 guǒ);
tube, pipe; (public) building;
shine, brightness; wide, broad
strange괴롭다 painful, distressing, hard; awkward
굉장~ wonderful, great, amazing, magnificent, excellent; 굉 (宏 hóng) great
teach(ing), school; bridge
구름 cloud; mouth, hole (구멍); nine; 구슬 marble
soup; nation
military, soldier
굳다 hard, stiff, strong; tight; solemn
굽다 roast, grill, barbecue (ㅂ→Ø); 굽다 curve, bend, crooked (ㅂ↛Ø)
굿 굿 shamanistic ritual or exorcism
oyster; cave, tunnel (동굴)
굵다, 굵은, 굵기 thick (e.g., liquid); big, fat, deep, large, stout (ㄹ=Ø)
palace 宮;
volume, book, document, ticket 卷
ear; 귀뚜라미 cricket
규소 silicon; regulation, scale, rule, pattern (規 guí)
germ, virus (菌 jūn), 균류 fungus
clementine


그내 swing; 그릇 bowl, dish, plate, container; 그림 painting, picture; 그리다 draw, paint;
drama; pole, extreme
root 根; muscle (筋 jīn)
writing, composition; letter, character
긁다 scratch, claw, scrape; scrape, gather up
gold
sharp (e.g., curve); class, grade; urgent, fast 급~ urgent, pressing; (急 jí) anxious, urgent, priority


기린 giraffe; 기 machine (기계)
tense, tight (緊jǐn);긴장 (緊張) nervous, tense; long
seaweed laver
road
깊다 deep (e.g., water); bottomless, remote, isolated; profound; bad, serious



2

까치; 까마귀 crow; 까다 peel, husk, crack; 까다롭다 difficult, fussy 까맣다 black; complete (까만게)
잠깐 for a short time
깍두기 cubed radish kimchi
깎이 sharpener, peeler, e.g., 연필깎이, 손톱깎이; 깎다 peel, shave, cut, sharpen; discount
깔때기 funnel;깔다 spread, stretch, lay out (by layering, in layers) (e.g., carpet; sitting); pave, cover깔끔~ neat, tidy
깜짝 startled, shock; 깜박 blink
아깝다 regrettable, pitiable; precious, dear, worthy 가깝다 near(by), close 깝- frivolous(ly), e.g., 깝신거리다 act thoughtlessly, frivolously
깡통 tin can
깨sesame; 깨끗~ clean깨다 wake up, awake; sober up; break, smash;
깽깽 moan, whimper (onom.)


꺼내다 take / pull / bring out, remove
꺾다 break, snap off; fold; turn, bend (타)꺾쇠 clamp, cramp iron
껌gum
껍데기 shell (e.g., mollusk, nut), skin, rind, crust, husk껍질 peel, rind, bark, skin, hull, shell
with all possible _; as far/much as possible, to the utmost, as hard as one can (e.g., 힘껏)
껑뚜껑 lid
DAT-HON.; -께 about, around



꼬막 cockle (shellfish); 꼬치 skewered meat 꼬다 twist, bend; 꼬리 tail꼬끼오 rooster sound
꼭지 tap, faucet;
exactly, precisely, just; firmly, tightly, fast; surely, by all means;
fodder; shape, form; personal appearance, countenance
꼼꼼~ meticulous, precise, exact; 꼼치 grassfish, snailfish
꼿 -
꼽다 to count (on fingers), mention
end, tail; 꽁초 end, butt (e.g. cigarette);꽁치 mackerel pike
꽂이 stand, rack, shelf꽂다 stick in/thru s.t., insert
flower
-
우스꽝스럽다 ridiculous, funny
tightly, fast, firmly; fully, close, compact (fill)
quite, pretty
꾀다 to tempt, allure, entice, seduce



꾸다 dream꾸미다 decorate; invent, fabricate
one occupied / engaged with, e.g., 사양꾼 hunter
honey
꿇다 kneel (down)
dream
pheasant
-
꿰다 to thread, to pass/run thru




끄 
끄다 put out, extinguish, turn off부끄럽다 shy; ashamed, shameful, embarrassed 시끄럽다 noisy, loud
string, cord (e.g., shoelace)
끊다 turn off, cut off, sever; abstain from, stop, hang up
chisel; 끌다 drag, pull, haul; prolong; draw
끓다 boil (차), 끓이다 (타)
끔벅~ flicker, waver, twinkle; wink, blink;끔짝~ terrible, awful 라끔 sometimes, occasionally
꼽등이 camel/cave cricket
끗수 points, score; 깨끗~ clean
end, finish; 끝나다


끼니 (small) meal; 끼다 insert, wrap, pull over/on, wear, put on; hold in arms;


3

나:
나비 butterfly; 나방 moth; 나무 tree;
낙타 camel; (樂) fall(ing)
naan; 난초 orchid
blade; 날다 to fly
낡다 old (objects, cf. 늙-); shabby, old-fashioned, obsolete (ㄹ=Ø)
male; south; 남다 remain
납 lead (Pb); 사납다 wild, violent, fierce, aggressive; stormy
낫다 be better (than), superior; get better, get well, recover
sack, purse, pouch (囊 náng)
day, daytime; 낮다 low, flat; humble
face, countenance낯익다 familiar; 낯살다 unfamiliar
낱개 a piece, unit, item, each, individual
낳다 give birth, bear; produce, yield
inside, internal; 내다 give, put; hand in; pay; do s.t. thru, get s.t. done
냄비 pot, pan; 냄새 smell
cold
사냥~ hunt; 사냥꾼 hunter



너 
너구리 raccoon;너트 nut (mech.)
넉넉~, 넉넉하게enough, sufficient
-
넌더리 (나다) disgusted, fed up, sick of
널다 stretch, spread out, hang (out) (e.g., clothes);
널(짠지) board, plank, shingle
넓다 be wide, broad, roomy, spacious
넘다 pass (over/thru) (spat./temp.), cross, go over/across; exceed, pass, go/be over넘치다 overflow, brim over넘기다 pass; pass / turn (over), hit over; turn (page) 넘어지다 fall (down), trip
넣다 put s.t. in, fill
네온 neon; 네 yes; four; 네거 film negative
female
-
year, age
think, thought, memorial
-


old, elderly; 노란색, 로랗다 yellow; 노래 song
녹색 green; 녹다 melt, dissolve, thaw; warm up
discuss
놀다 play, relax, hang out w.
fellow (neg.)
놋쇠 brass
agricultural, farm
높다 be high
놓다 lay, put, place; release, let go; keep
-
-
brain
-





누 
누룽지 crisped rice; 누나 older sister; 누르다 push, press; suppress 누구? who?
눅다 fall, come, drop down; warm up; soft, limp; damp
eye; snow
눌리다 (>눌다) be pressed down, oppressed, squished; burned, scorched
눕다 lie down, recline
-
-
unhulled rice; paddy; 뉘앙스 nuance
뉴스; New York



느 
느릅나무 elm tree느끼하다 greasy, oily 느리다 slow, sluggish 느끼다 feel, find, sense, experience; 느낌 impression, feeling; -느라고 due to, because of (V-stem+~)
늑대 wolf; 늑골 rib
(topic / contrast marker)
바늘 sewing needle, pin; 늘다 increase, improve; grow, gain, multiply; make progress; 를리다 lengthen, extend, stretch (e.g., a band); 늘 always, all the time
늙다 be/grow old, age (persons, cf. 낡-) (ㄹ: Ø)
늦다 be late; slow, tardy, delayed
able, ability; angle, edge
-



니 
니켈 nickel; 니코틴 nicotine
VOC-HON.



4

다리 bridge; 다 many, much; 다치다 be hurt, wounded 다하다 run out; carry out, fulfill
닥치다 shut up!
닦다 clean, wipe, polish, wash
단팥; 단호박 pumpkin; 단무지 yellow radish; 단 step, section; single, unit;
닫다 shut, close (door, shop); 닫히다 be closed
moon; 달팽이 snail; 달다 sweet, sugary; hoist, hang (up), install, wear, put on; weigh
닳다 wear out/off/down, be rubbed off/down
chicken
닮다 resemble, look like
담 wall, fence, Mauer; phlegm, sputum; congestion; gallbladder; courage, pluck, nerves; converse, conversation
담다 put, fill, hold; 담기다 be in, be put in (stative), has, contain
답답하다 stuffy; 답다 be like, worthy of; 답reply;
닷=다섯
당나귀 donkey;sugar; hall; faction, party; 당근 carrot 당기다 pull s.t.
anchor
닿다 touch, reach; come into contact w.; get to; arrive at, reach
bamboo; belt; pole, stalk, stem, rod, cane;
great; opposite; facing; to treat대다 put, touch; (V+~) do s.t. extremely대하디 treat; concerning, about
residence, home (宅 zhái)
dam
오댕



더덕 (root); 더럽다 dirty; 더미, 산더미 pile, stack, heap of s.t.; 더하다 add (+); 더 more; 더운 hot, warm;
goodness, kindness, mercy, virtue 德
덖다 parch, roast (beans, coffee); be stained w. dirt, soiled
던지다 throw, hurl, fling, cast, toss; vote; project-던 pluperfect, past habitual (?)
less, little, incompletely, insufficiently, half-덜다 subtract, deduct; decrease, lessen, ease, mitigate; 덜미 scrape/scruff of neck
extra, addition(al)
덥다 be warm, hot
덧붙이다 add; 덧대다 add, join, place, attach (one layer over another)
덩이 lump, mass, clod
snare, trap (e.g., mousetrap)
덮개 cover, bedspread, book cover; 덮다 to cover (i.e., wide, fully, extensively)
데다 be burned, burn oneself, scalded; bitter experience
deck
덴마크 Denmark



도토리 acorn; 도마 cutting board; 도마뱀 lizard;
poison (毒 dú); reading; Germany; 독~ strong, pungent, potent; spiteful; firm, dogged
money
돋다 come up, rise (sun); grow up, sprout (싹)
stone; collide; sudden; 돌다 turn around, rotate
돕다 help, assist; relieve
move: 동영상 video; 동작 move, movement; 동아리 club, society, group; ice (凍 dòng); winter; 동물 animal;
move; east; copper; same, together; move; building, street, block, village; reason, logic; bunch, load
돼지 pig; > 되다
back, again, repeated;
되다 be done, finished, become; result in; come to; grow, thrive, prosper; consist of; able to do, will do; act as
뒨장 soybean paste



tofu, soy; head; two, couple; 두루미 crane (bird)
bank, levee
blunt; dull, stupid (鈍 dùn)
two; 둘째 second;
둥지 nest; 둥글다, 둥근 round, spherical
뒤(쪽) back, rear; succession; later 못뒤다 bad, mean
됫길 backstreet, byroad
-



드 
드럼 drum; 드리다 offer, give, present;
가득 full; benefit, advantage, gain, interest, good, profit (得 dé); 가득~ crammed, full
든든~ reassured, reliable, confident; full -든(지) either...or, whether...or; any, -ever
듣다 hear
들깨 perilla; 들판 field, wild;
들다 enter; cost; become; carry, lift
-
light, lamp; the back; class, grade



디 
디 D, disk


5

따 
따다 pick, pluck; open, unlock; win, get, gain; 따갑다 prickly, hot, stinging; 따르다 follow; pour (in); 따로 separately, independently; 따뜻~ warm
딱따구리 woodpecker;딱딱~ hard (texture), firm, stiff; 딱 w. bang, snap; positively, flatly; 딱지 scab; stamp, sticker
different
daughter
sweat
ground, land, eath
dead skin, dirt; time, moment;때리다 beat, hit; 때로 sometimes, occasionally;
clang, ring, bell sound
-


떠 
떠나다 start out, leave, depart
떡; 어떡하다
어떤 which, what, how
떨림 shaking (body, etc.), vibration; 떨다 shake, quiver, tremble; remove, shake off (떨내다); cf. 떨어지다 떨아지다 fall, drop; fail; run out;
떫다 astringent, puckery, bitter, sour
떳떳~ honorable, blameless
어떻다, 어떻게 how, like what
떼다 take off, detach, pull off, remove;떼 group, swarm, crowd, throng, pack, flock, herd
-
-


또 
also, again, and, too, both...and
똑똑~ clever, bright, intelligent; 똑똑 (adv./onom.) knock; drip;똑 just, exactly, right
dung
-
-
-
-


뚜껑 lid; 메뚜기 locust, 귀뚜라미 cricket
with a (heavy) snap, thud; suddenly, unexpectedly뚝뚝 onom.: raindrops 뚝배기 earthenware bowl
뚫다 to bore, drill (hole), penetrate
뚱뚱이 fatso, 뚱뚱~;
엉뚱~ strange, odd, eccentric
-
-
뛰다 run, dash; jump, leap, skip, swing, beat뛰어나다 outstanding, good
running
-



뜨:
뜨다 float; float (by) (in air/water); rise, come (up); knit; leave, move on; scoop up, ladle out 뜨다 open (one’s eyes)뜨겁다 hot, burning
floating, drifting
뜯다 tear off, pluck; bite, graze;
moxibustion (Oriental medicine)
meaning, intention, mind; 뜻~ mean, indicate, refer to;
-


띠 
belt, band, sash; zodiac sign 띠다 wear (belt)


6

라면 ramen; 리마 lama; 라디오 radio
락스bleach; fall, omit, scatter (낙, 落 luò); NP-락 말락 on the brink/verge of; NP-락 and, or (?) (correlative?)
egg; order, chaos (난, 亂 luàn)-(이)란 as for X; is called, (das) heißt; NP~ that is, that (which is) is named/called; generic topic NP; XP~? was heißt? (PP > -(이)라고 하는)
람바다 lambada
랍비 rabbi; 랍소디 rhapsody;
신랑 bridegroom; (이)랑as for, and, with, etc. + topic 자랑 boast, brag, show off
커다랗다 big, large, huge;동그랗다 round; (-을) 동그랗게 around
come, coming오래다 long time
랭크되다, 랭킹 rank; 랭 cool; 무말랭이 dried sliced radish
-
전략 strategy;abbreviate(d), summary, plan, simplify
car, carriage, e.g., 차량 (輛 liàng);volume, quantity, amount, capacity, supply, to measure (量 liáng)涼 (liáng/liàng) cool; disappointed, discouraged; e.g., 황량~ bleak, desolate



러너 runner; 러닝 running race; 러닝머신 treadmill; 러시아 Russia -러 (purpose clause + motion verbs)
럭비 rugby
런던 London; 런치 luncheon; 이런/그런 such, like, that kind of; 뉴런 neuron
그럴듯~ plausible, specious; decent;
rum
시럽 syrup; hunt, field, sports ( 獵 liè) -스럽다 seems, be like, suggest; -ish 더럽다 dirty
지렁이 earthworm; 우렁이 freshwater snail; 설렁탕 oxtail soup;
그렇다 (르래) so, such; true이렇다, 이렇게 like this, so저렇다 like that 누렇다 (golden/dirty) yellow; pale (sickly) yellow
레몬 lemon; 수레 wagon, cart, shopping cart, handcart, wheelbarrow
렌즈 lens; 렌즈콩 lentil; 렌치 wrench;
고려 Goryeo dynasty; -려 be about to +V; -려나 I wonder +S-려고 in order to (+action verbs)
달력 calendar (曆 lì ); strength, power (力); experience (歷 lì)
practice, train (연) 세련되다 refined, sophisticated
강렬~ strong, intense, mighty; 렬 (烈 liè) strong, fierce
honest, moderate (염)
어렵다 difficult, hard 두렵다 fearful, afraid, terrified;hunt, field, sports ( 獵 liè)
뚜렷하다 clear, distinct, plain, evident, definite, obvious, apparent차렷 attention(!)
대통령 president; 고령 old age;neck, collar (領 lǐng); lead, command (영); Spirit
rite, ceremony (禮lĭ) instance, case, example, usual (例lì)




로켓 rocket; 路 road; 로마 Rome; 로비 lobby; 로커locker;
green; minutes, record, register, diary (녹) (錄 lù)
discuss
roll; 롤러 roller, squeegee
롭- 롭다 characterized by 해롭다 harmful, bad 외롭다 lonely
play with (농); room salon (sic)
-
depend on (e.g., 신뢰 faith) (賴lài)
-
thunder
material (자료, 재료), estimate (料 liào); finish, achieve, understand (了) (수료)
공룡 dinosaur



-
base (baseball); 루비 ruby; 지루하다 boring; bored; dull, tedious, tiresome 루주 rouge, lipstick; 루블 ruble
거룩 holy, divine, sacred;
rule
-
-
-
stream, flow (流liú); kind, sort, style, type, manner, system; papers, documents
continent, land mass (陸)
훌륭~ excellent, great, magnificent; great, grand, lofty; honorable, admirable (隆 lóng); 흥륭~ prosperity, prosper, flourish


르 
그르다, 그름 wrong, incorrect; hopeless;다르다 different 흐르다 flow, run; 부르다 full푸르다 blue, azure, green 르네상스 Renaissance; 장르 genre
오른(쪽) right side
기름 oil
무릎 knee
-



리 
리모진 limo bus; 리마 콩 lima beans; 리본 ribbon
린스 rinse (hair)
삼림 forest; 아이스크림 ice cream
림 stand, establish (立); 그립다 long for, miss




7

마늘 garlic; 마을 village, hamlet; 마루 (wooden) floor; 마치다 end, finis
end, last; desert; curtain; 막다 clog, block; stop, prevent; enclose,
firstborn
(₩)10,000; full; only; bay, gulf
많이
first born, eldest
horse; end; language, speech, word, talk; 말다 stop, skip, break off; roll (up)
맑다 clear, clean, pure; sunny
taste, flavor
net; 망치 hammer
맞다 be correct, agree, fit; be hit, struck, beaten; get acupuncture (침); greet, welcome, receive; face a certain time; ...맞아 over, during
맡다 smell, sniff at, sense; keep, take charge of, take on; be in charge; 맡기다 entrust, leave
매실 green plum; 매 sour plum; hawk; whip, rod, cane; sell, buy; 매미; 매다 tie, fasten, wear
산맥 mountain range; 동맥 artery; 맥 vein (of ore); pulse
bare, unprotected, nothing but; the very, the most, at the very front; 맨션 mansion;
맵다 spicy
blind; plain, bland
맺다 tie (up), knot; bear (fruit); conclude, finish, close



머리 head, hair;
eat, make, suffer; ink (中國, 인도)
먼지 dust; 먼저 first (of all); previously
멀다 be far; 멀리 far away, distant
멈추다 stop, halt
a show, relish, taste; 멋싰다, 멋지다
멍 bruise, contusion멍하다 blank, stupified멍멍 onom.


메뚜기 locust; 메뉴 menu;메기 catfish; 메달 medal
멧돼지 wild boar
며칠 what day?
-
surface, face, side, aspect; noodle; cotton
destroy, exterminate
name, famous; bright, clear; command
some, several; how many / much / far



모기 mosquito; rice spout, seedling; mother; angle (kr); 모으다 gather, collect (타), 모이다 (자)
neck, throat; eye, item (目); wood, tree
몪다 tie, bind
몬순 monsoon
몰다 steer, drive, chase, pursue, run after; to corner; charge, accuse w. crime; 몰 lack, sink (沒); 몰라요 > 모르다 not know
body
nail, peg; callous, corn; pond, pool; 못~ cannot, not, incapable; poor; inferior 뭇지않다 not as X as, not inferior
dream
grave, tomb
grave; mystery, wonder묘~ odd, strange




radish
bean / grain jelly (e.g., 도토리묵);silent; 목다 old, antiquated; stop, lodge at
문 door; 문어 octopus letter, writing; question
묻다 ask, question, inquire; smear, stain; bury, conceal, hide
water; 물다 bite, sting; hold s.t. in one’s mouth; pay, repay
묽다 watery; weak; thin
bunch, bundle; various
뭉치다 (form a) mass, lump, mass; unite, stand, get together
what


므낫세 Manasseh
-



미나리 water dropwort / parsely; 미 beauty; taste; rice; 미치다 be/go crazy
믹서 mixer
people, tribe
믿 맏다 believe, trust; rely on
secret; 밀다 push
밉다 detestable, hateful, odious
-
and (also), both...and
bottom, below, lower, base, underneath; lower, subordinate



8

바나나 banana; 바퀴벌레 cockroach;
바퀴 wheel; 바구니 basket; 바탕 background; 바라다 wish, desire; 바르다 apply, put on
gourd; 박다 hammer, drive (into), ram
outside
half; opposite
쓰레받기 dustpan; 받다 receive;
foot, step; depart, rise> 바르다 upright; right, correct; cover, plaster, spread, apply, put on (topically)
밝다 bright, light, brilliant, to dawn;밝히다 reveal, disclose; light
밟다 step on
chestnut; night
rice
밧줄 rope
room; defend
(dry) field, farm
pear; ship; belly
white; 100; (양)배추 white cabbage
snake
뱃> 배
뱅이
뱉다 spit (at/out)




버섯 mushroom; 버팔로 buffalo; 버릇 habit; manners; 버리다 throw away;
벅차다 hard to manage, too much, beyond one’s power; full n
번개 lightning, thunderbolt; 번빵 bun;번 number, repeat; change, shift, alternate; MW iterations (番 fān)
-
벌bee, wasp; 벌레 bug, worm;벌다 make, earn (money); 벌리다 open, spread (by pulling apart or separating)
범인, 범죄자 criminal 표범 leopard; (범= tiger, tigress)
범하다 commit (error, mistake);
ordinary, common, mundane, temporal (평범~) (凡 fán); pan- (all), general; offense; pattern, master;
law, rule, method
벗다take off, remove, undress
벙커 bunker; 벙어리 mute, speech-impaired; 벙벙~ stunned, dumbfounded
벚꽃 cherry blossom; 벚나무 cherry tree
베다 rest, lay one’s head on; 베다 cut, slice, (e.g., finger), mow; (erg./passive/adversative)베개 pillow
van
뱅어 whitebait fish



rice plant; paddy
wall, partition; habit > 버릇
변하다 change, alter; 변 dung, feces; accident
star; another, other, particular (别)
볍씨 rice seed; 가볍다, 가볍게 light, simple, gentle, easy; frivolous(ly), careless; minor, mild
bottle, jar; disease, sic




gem, jewel, precious stone (寶 bǎo); step, walk;
report; see; try; protect; beam, girder; assistant, supplementary
복숭아 peach; duplicate, copy (复 fù); clothes; blessing, fortune, happiness
볶다, 볶음 stir -fry
root, origin, base, model, pattern, main (本); V-본적 있다 experiential perfective
cheek
spring(time)
peak; envelope, paper packet (e.g., for medicine); serve, service, offering 한라봉 Hallasan citrus
봐 > 보다
뵙다 see, meet (hon.)



부추 chives; 부채folding fan; part (일부 some; 부분 piece)
skin (肤 fū); wealth, blessing, fortune, riches; father; part, section, department, division; unit; wife; vice-, attached to, supplement, addition; not 부르다 call, sing
drum (Korean traditional); north;
powder; a minute, divide, share, a division; one-tenth; anger;
fire, light불다 blow; swell up (w. water), soaked
붉다 red, crimson, scarlet (ㄹ=Ø)
붓다 pour (in/into) (ㅅ→Ø);swell (up), become swollen
붕소 boron; 붕어 carp; 부엉이 owl; 지붕 roof
붙다 (자), stick to, adhere; 붙이다 (타) stick, adhere; pass (exam); stay close to; stay; join w.;



브레이크 brake
블라우스 blouse



rain; compare, ratio, proportion; fat; broom, brush; 비다 empty, vacant, unoccupied 비치다 shine, be reflected; 비추다 shine, reflect
empty; guest
빌리다 borrow, take a loan; 빌다 borrow; employ, use; pray, wish
comb; 빗자루 broom
ice
debt, loan
light, color; ~나다shine, sparkle



9

빠지다 deflate, drain, fall out; lose weight; sink; be absorbed, drowned; fall out, be dropped, be absent
(빤하다 = 뻔하다)
빨다 suck (at/on); wash; 빨래; 빨리
bread
빼다 pull out, subtract, remove, take out
-
cheek
-



뻐꾸기 cuckoo; 기뻐~ rejoice, happy
뻔하다 clear, plain, obvious
뻗다 spread, extend, stretch, reach out, (oneself, body; stative) (타/차)
가볍다 light; ;simple; careless
bang, pop
-
bone
-



뽀뽀 kiss, peck (onom.)
뽑다 pull, draw, take out, extract (e.g., tooth, nail, tree); select, choose;
mulberry; 뽕짝 = 트고트 trot music
-
-
-
뾰족~ sharp, pointed; 뾰루지 skin rash, pimple



뿌리 root 뿌리다 spread, sprinkle; put on, apply
듬뿍 generously, liberally
antler, horn; projection, tip; 코뿔소 rhino
-
-
-
-



쁘띠 petit(e); 기쁘다 glad, happy; 바쁘다 busy
-



삐다 twist, sprain (injury)



10

사자 lion; 사탕 candy; 사 sand; scholar; teacher; four 사다 buy
cut, subtract; 삭도(차) cable car
mountain; calculate; umbrella
flesh, skin, meat; kill; 살구 apricot;살다 be alive; live; reside; 살 age, years;(불) 사르다 burn, set on fire, make a fire
삶 life; 삶다 boil, simmer, cook
three; hemp, flax (plant, cloth)
shovel, spade, scoop
상어 shark; table, bench; image; 上 top, above, ascend, supreme, upper;상상~ imagine
bird; new
color
be born, life, living, raw; student생각~ think
샤워하다
-



book, writing, document; west; public office;서다 stand; halt, stop
stone; seat
섞다 mix, mingle, blend, shuffle
선지 blood soup; 선인장 cactus; 선 ship, boat; first; line, cord; fresh; select, elect; 선물 gift, present
설탕 sugar; 說 theory, explain, talk; establish (설명~);설거지 dishes (to wash), dish-washing
island, isle
섭섭~ sorry, disappointed, regrettable;섭씨 Celsius 무섭다 scary, frightening ; scared, afraid 섭 take in, absorb, assimilate; act for; care for one’s health (攝 shè); to wade, be involved, concern, experience (涉shè)
halt! (mil.); 버섯 mushroom
fortress; voice; star, planet; saint, holy; surname; anger, wrath; success성공~ succeed
wash; tax; (힘) 세다 strong, powerful, vigorous, muscular; violent, sever, intense (e.g., forces)
세다 count, calculate
섹시~ hot, sexy
calculation, sum
-


cow; small
stomach, (the) inside, one’s insides, one’s heart; speed, speedy;속~ belong to
hand
brush; to lead솔직~ honest, open
cotton
솟다 gush, spring, spurt out; break froth; rise, tower, soar; 솟대 acrobat’s pole; ritual / festive dragon head pole
pine; 송이 pine mushroom
clay / cast iron pot, caldron
쇄골 collarbone, clavicle (鎖骨 suǒ lock (up))
iron
쇼핑 shopping; 쇼크, 쇼캉하다 shock


water; hand; receive; guard
숙주나물 mung bean sprouts; lodge; 기숙사 dorm
순두부찌개 tofu stew
숟가락 spoon
liquor, alcohol; tassel, tuft, fringe (e.g., 입술)skill, art, method, technique
솜다, 숨기다 hide; 숨 breath, 숨쉬다 breathe
pure, innocent
숭늉 = 누롱지 soup
forest
thickness (hair); 숱하다 numerous, a lot
shoo!
쉬다 relax, rest; take a day off; breathe; be hoarse; go bad, spoil 쉬 = 小便
쉰 fifty
쉽다 easy, simple
슈퍼마트


스웨터 sweater
study, practice; 습~ damp(ness), moist, wet, soggy 우습다 funny, humorous
슬라이드 slide, transparency
슬프다 sad, sorrowful; 슬퍼하다 be sad슬다 disappear, vanish; wither, wilt; rust
슴베 handle, end (knife, farm tool), tool tang
비슷다 similar, like, alike
boarding; victory, win
-


시금치 spinach time; city, market; test, try; poetry시다 sour;
food, eat; style, ceremony; plant; know, recognize
kidney; believe; spirit; footwear, shoes; sour; god(神)신다 put on, wear (footwear)
싣다 load (ㄷ→ㄹ)
room; fruit; failure, mistake;
싫다 hateful; hate, dislike
heart, mind; deep; 심하다 bad, serious 심다 plant
ten
싱싱~ fresh싱크 sink 싱겁다 bland


11

싸다 cheap; wrap (up), pack 싸우다 fight, argue
shoot, spout; quite, completely
ice
lettuce wrap
pair, twins, couple
쌓다 pile, stack, heap (up), accumulate;쌓이다 be stacked, pile up
-
-
-


-
썩다 rot, decay, decompose, go bad; be corrupt
썰다 slice, , chop, cut (solid objects, e.g., meat, vegetables, food)썰렁~ chilly; empty, deserted; corny
눈썹 eyebrow
글쎄 well, … (DM)
-
-


쏘다 shoot, fire (at); sting
쏟다 spill, pour; concentrate (on), devote o.s. to s.t.; pour out, vent;아지다 pour (자)
쏠다 lean toward, incline
-
쐐기 wedge
-
-


쑤시다pick, poke; ache, throb, be sore
mugwort
-
-
-
-


쓰다 use, employ, spend; hire; spend; bitter; write; put on, wear쓰레기 trash
쓸다 sweep; 쓸모 use, usefulness; 쓸개 gallbladder 쓸쓸~lonely, solitary
씌우다 spread, cover, be spread (not covering widely or extensively, cf. 덮다), wear, put on (clothing articles)



seed, pit
날씬하다 slim, slender
씩- 씩 each, separately, apiece; 씩씩~ vigorous, energetic
씹다 chew, bite; 씹 coīre, pudenda
씻다 wash, rinse, cleanse



12 ㅇ(1: 아, 어)

아몬드 almond; 아 child; 아기 baby, infant;
악어 crocodile; 악 evil, bad; music
안경 eyeglasses; 안다 hold, hug, embrace;
앉다 sit, be seated
않다 not, do not
(fish) egg, round object; 알다 know
앓다 be sick, fall ill, suffer (from ~을)
암탉 hen;암 cancer; rock; female (animal); dark, secret;
pressure; push, press
-
center (央 yāng); onom. (e.g., baby crying)
front, ahead


애벌래 caterpillar
amount ($), sum; liquid
앵무새 parrot


wilderness, field; at night; 야~ racy, sexual
medicine; promise; weak
얄밉다 detestable, hateful; naughty
얇다 thin, fine; flimsy;
얌전~ well behaved, quiet, gentle, meek, clean, modest, obedient
sheep; ocean, Western; bring up, care, nourish; both; quantity, amount
얕다 shallow (depth)


얘기 > 이야기


어치 jay (bird); 어fish; word, term, language어둡다 dark, gloomy어리다 young, little
jade; 108; tough; press, suppress
words, talk; 언니 older sister; 언덕 hill; 언제 when, whenever
얹다 lay, place (s.t.) on (s.t.), load (s.t.) with (s.t.)
얻다 borrow; get, gain, win, take, acquire, achieve
얼음 ice (얼다 freeze); 일굴 face, features, countenance, look 얼얼~ hot, burning, on fire (e.g., tongue)얼룩말 zebra; 얼룩 stain, smear, spot
얽다 pitted; weave, tie up
severe, strict, stern; 엄마 mommy
업j ob, business, industry, calling, vocation, occupation, trade, profession
없다
cross, intersect, pass, alternate
엉덩이 buttocks, hip
엊그제 a couple of days ago
엎다 turn over / down, lay upside down


at
엔진 engine; yen


여우 fox; female, woman; travel; 여름 summer; 여치 long-horned grasshopper, katydid;
station; translate; opposite, reverse
lotus; research; perform; year; kite; salmon; smoke
열무 young/slender radish; line, row, file, column, queue (렬); heat, temperature; ten
엶다 thin; light, pale; light color
salt; inflammation; dye
leaf; 엽기 bizarre
taffy, wheat gluten
영양 antelope; 수영 swim;England; zero; glory; shadow; neck, collar; reflect, cinema, movie; order, command
옅다 light, pale, faint
side




13 어 ㅇ(2: 오, 우)

예쁘다 pretty; art; yes;

old, ancient, old times; instance, example (例 lì); pre-, fore-, ease, comfort, happy (豫yù)예민~ sensitive, keen, sharp; sharpness, acumen, acuteness; > (锐 ruì) sharp, vigor;

old, ancient; 옛날 old days, formerly


오렌지 orange; 오리 duck; 오 five;
jade, gemstone 玉; prison, jail
warm, temperature (溫 wēn); all, whole
올가미 noose, lasso, snare; strand, ply; 올리다 raise, lift up, increase; offer; this year (올해)
옭다 tie (up), fasten, secure
옮기다 (ㄹ=Ø) move, shift, transfer; transmit (disease); translate, spread; 옮다 be infected, catch;
옳다 right, righteous, just, truthful, correct, exact, accurate, proper, correct
scabies, mange, itch
clothes
옹이 knot (wood)


와:
기와 roof tile
완두콩 pea; 완 complete (완전~)
왈츠 waltz; 왈 said, so-called
king


why, how
onom.
onom.: urp, ugh; 왝왝~ retch


outside, foreignonly, isolated, lonely (외롭다) 외치다 shout, yell
left side


요가 yoga; 요 mattress (kr. floor mattress);
要 essential, demand; cook; 요구~ request, demand; 요일 day of the week; 요즘 these days, nowadays
bath, bathe; abuse, abusive language, curse, shame, insult
dragon; use



우산 umbrella; beef (牛); right side; friend;
ugh
운동 exercise;transport, drive, move; luck, fate (運 yùn);

울|| 울다 cry, weep울타리 fence 우울~ gloomy, depressed

움직이다 move, budge, change position; work, operate
웃다 laugh, smile; 웃기다 make laugh, be funny
virile, male (雄xióng)


워어 exclam.
원숭이 monkey; 원 circle, round; desire, wish; origin; garden; court, institution; desire
moon, month, Monday


웨딩 wedding
a certain, some, what(ever)웬만~ tolerable, fairly good; tolerate
well-being
web (Internet)


stomach; position; danger; top; up, upper part 위하다, 위해, 위한 have a purpose for; care for; for; GER+~ for, to (purpose) 위대~ great 위험~ dangerous
윗- upper-
wing; onom: buzz, hum; 윙크 wink



14 오 ㅇ(3: 으, 이)

milk; Europe; exist, existence (有); entice, tempt (誘 yòu); 유리 glass; 유명~ famous
meat, flesh; six; land, ground (陸)
shine, gloss, luster (潤 rùn); wheel; rotate, take turns (輪 lún)
율동 rhythm; rate, ratio, freq. (率 lǜ); a law, regulation (률) (律 lǜ)


melt, blend, harmonious (融 róng); 융합 fusion, fuse (融合)
(윷놀다) yut (game)


으로; 으르다 threaten, intimidate, scare
그윽~ deep, delicate; 그윽이 in secret, private, inwardly, in o’s heart; subtle;윽 yuck
silver, money
sound, note, tone; drink; yin; φαλλος
을지로; 가을 fall, autumn
읊다 chant/sing/write a poem
town, village (邑 yì)
yes, mmm; response, e.g. 응급 emergency; congeal, solidify; concentrate attention, stare (凝 níng);


의자 chair, stool; 의사 doctor; 의- medicine; 의하다, 의해, 의한 be due to; be based on; according to, thanks to; -에 의해 by (passive agent) 의미~ mean, signify, stand for, indicate


이구아나 iguana; 이발 barber 이기다 win, beat, overcome; 이르다 early
익다 be ripe, mature, done (fruit, grains, boiled/cooked items); skilled, experienced, familiar; used to; to master, become proficient, familiar with;

인|| person; benevolence, virtue, humanity; seal, stamp; 인사~ greet

sun, day; work, job, matter; one, first
읽다 read, recite; guess, see, figure
잃다 lose, miss, be deprived of
임신 (姙娠: rèn, conceive, be pregnant + shēn, pregnant)assign, appoint, take a post; responsibility; allow (任 rèn);
mouth, lips; enter 入; stand 立;입다 put on, wear; suffer, sustain;
잇다 join, link, connect; continue, keep; inherit, succeed (ㅅ→Ø); → -이어 after; 잇 (slip-)cover;
있다
잉어 carp
잊다 forget; put out of one’s mind
leaf



15

자 
ruler; letter, character; 자다 sleep
작가 writer, author; > make, do 作; 작다 small, short, little;
cup; 잔디 grass, lawn
잖- 잖아요 (e.g., 있잖아요) you know, don’t you know; > -지 않-
well; 자르다 cut off/out/away, sever, amputate, chop (up); = cutting long, thin objects잘다 small, little, fine
sleep
잡다 grasp, grab, seize, catch, hold; 잡지 magazine; 잡mixed, various, misc., to mix (雜 zá): 잡채
장어eel; intestine; soy sauce; 장아찌 pickled vegetables
잦다 be frequent
재활용 recycling, recycle; 재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill; again, re-, exist (在)
argue, debate, strive, vie (爭zhēng); 쟁기 plow (farming); gong; zither


저녁 evening; dinner 저리다 sore, pain, numb, ache, asleep; 저쪽 that side, over there;저자 writer, author (著 zhe); low; bottom; we, our, us; they, their, them
적신호 red light, warning/danger signal적다write down, note (down), enter; 적다 few, small; (敵 dí); red;
Korean pancakeexpert (專 zhuān); fight, battle ( 戰zhān)
festival, season (節); clause, paragraph, verse (節); cut, slice (切 qiē); (deep) bow; (Buddhist) temple
젊다 young, youthful
point, spot; store
접다 fold, furl; receive, welcome, answer, join (接 jiē)접시 dish, saucer, plate
젓가각 chopstick
well (井); stop; correct; order (e.g., 정리 arrange); 정~ decide 定; feeling, affection; really, truly; cold chisel
breast, bosom, breast milk, (젖통) udder
제비a swallow (bird);
제하다 divide, exclude, subtract, deduce; 제 make, manufacture, system (製 zhì); eliminate, get rid of (除chú); carry, propose, raise, offer, provide, (提tí); junior (f.); subject; aid, help, relief (濟 jì); 제트 a jet; 제발;
gel
-


조개 clam; 조깅 jogging; make, build (造 zào); assist; clause 調 (diào: melody, accent, tone), e.g., 강조 emphasis, stress, highlight
foot
John; honor
졸다 doze off; 졸리다 sleepy;
좁다 narrow, small
마늘종 garlic shoots/stem; 종 seed; kind; 종이 paper
vulg., =자지 φαλλος
left; seat
-
crime, sin, guilt
-




주먹 fist 주머니 pocket
rice porridge; 죽순 bamboo shoots;
prepare (準 zhǔn); 준 accurate, standard; definitely, certainly; about-to-be, quasi; given;
string, line, queue;

줄기 stem, stalk (plant), cane; stream, tributary, beam, ray 줄다 decrease, diminish; 줄리다 reduce

middle; weight
-
mouse, rat; 다람쥐 squirrel; 쥐다 grasp, grab, hold, take hold of, grip
-


즈음 about the time (when)
promptly, quick (即jí); 즉시, 즉각 immediately; 즉 namely, that is, i.e.; just, exactly;
즐기다 enjoy, pleasure, have fun; comb, comb teeth, row (櫛 zhì)
testify, evidence 증가다 be exhausted, tired


지네 centipede;
지 finger; branch; earth; paper; 지다 become; lose, be defeated지르다 shout, yell 지우다 delete, remove, erase
직박구리 bulbul (bird); 직- job, employment; straight, direct
진달래 azaleaadvance; e.g., 진화 evolution (bio.) 진하다 strong (flavor), dark, deep, thick, heavy;
질문 question; 질 quality, nature, disposition; pudenda; 질소 nitrogen
luggage, baggage, load, cargo, freight; burden, nuisance
house; 집다 gather, collect; grasp, pick up
짓다 cook; make, build; make up, fabricate; form; write, compose; to name;
punish, reprimand, warn (懲 chéng);characteristic, symptom, phenomenon; request, impose (徵 zhēng)
짙다 deep, dark, thick, heavy, dense, strong (e.g., texture, odor, expression)



16

짜다 weave, knit, put zs.; squeeze, wring out, press; 짜다 salty; stingy, cheap; 짜장; 짜증 irritation (at/with), annoyance
salty, e.g., 짠물 saltwater
pair; mate, spouse; 짝수 even number뽕짝 trot music, 트로트 반짝거리다 twinkle
짧다 short; lacking, brief, insufficient, poor; abbreviated (length, duration)
짱(아)! great!; 베짱이 katydid
-째 ordinal numerals, xth 째다 cut into, lance, incise; 째다 tight, too small, pinch; insufficient, in need of
쨍쨍 sound symbolism: bright sun
쨍그랑 clink (onom., e.g., glass)
-
-


쩌쩌 tsk, tsk (?)
쩝쩝 onom.: smacking lips
쩡쩡 snap, crackling
쩨쩨하다 small-minded, petty, narrow-minded, cheap, stingy
쪄> 찌다 fatten
-


쪼다 peck (at), chisel
쪽 side쪽지 note, message, slip of paper
마늘쫑 garlic stems
쫓다 pursue, chase, run after, trail, track,drive sb/st out/away
-
-
쬐다 shine on/over, warm oneself, bask
쬬스(떡볶이)



쭈꾸미 webfoot octopus, short arm octopus; 쭈그리다 crouch, squat (down)
straight, directly;철쭉 (wild) azalea
-
-
-
-


about, around, approx. (numerals)
-


찌다 gain weight, grow, fatten 찌다 be hot, to steam; 찌개찌르다 pierce, stab, prick, prod, poke; nudge; stick (hand into pocket)
찍다 print, stamp, imprint; cut down; chop, hack; thrust, pierce, spear; take photo
찐빵 steamed bun
steamed dish
찔 > 찌르다
-
찢다 tear, rip, split
-


17

car; tea; difference, disparity 차다 cold, chilly
착하다 good-natured, nice, good착잡~ mixed, uneasy, complicated
mistake(n), confused
food, dishes (반찬); praise찬란~ brilliant, splendid; radiant, resplendent
하찮다 trivial, trifling, petty, unimportant
sticky; observe (察 chá)
참새 sparrow; 참나무 oak; 참외; 참 participate, attend; 참 really, truly, indeed 참다 be patient, endure, bear, restrain o.s.
window; sing
찾다 search, find

채|| vegetable; select, pick, collect, choose, gather (採 cǎi); 채 racket, stick, club; 파리채 flyswatter채우다 fill; 채다 snatch away, run away w.

book; plan
챙기다 take, pack; take care of (s.o.) visor, brim (hat); 챙기다 pack (up), take care of/for, look after (s.t./s.o.)
-
-


place, office; 처칠 Churchill; 처가 wife’s family’s home
spine (척추), back, ridge; closely, tightly; pretend
thousand; heaven, sky; 1000; 천동 thunder;
temple; iron, steel; wisdom, judgment; season; remove; 철쭉 (wild) azalea
add, increase (添tiān)
the first, new; 첫자 first bus/train
청바지 blue jeans;
계청; 청동 bronze; 청어 herring; 청 request; listen (聽tīng); membrane, film; govt. office; clean;
체리 cherry; 체 strainer, sieve, sifter; body; “face” 체면 體面
첼로 cello
쳐다보다 gaze, stare, look in direction of;
> 치다 hit; consider, count; set up; put in; remove
-


vinegar; grass (草); 초록(색) (草綠); second; candle; 초콜릿 chocolate
village
gun (銃chòng); all, general
gather, little pit; filming, e.g., 촬영
most, ultra; hurry, press, urge, hasten, expedite (催 cuī) 취고 highest
-


고추 chili pepper; 추어 mudfish;
추다 dance; autumn; ugly; 추석 Chuseok; 추가 addition, addendum;
congratulate, celebrate
springtime (春)
insect; full, enough (곤충)
departure
dancing
-
-
취나물 (ligularia?); 취소~ cancel, postpone;취 ~ intoxicated, drunk;
-


티셔츠 T-shirt
side; to lean; survey, measure (測 cè)
story, floor; layer, class, stratum
-


치타 cheetah; 치자 gardenia seeds;치다 hit, attack; 치마 skirt; 치 tooth;
rule, law, grade, oblique (則 zé)
친~ close (to); 친구 friend
seven
saliva; acupuncture needle (침 맞다); 침팬지 chimpanzee



18 ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅉ

!ㅈ
자몽 grapefruit 차 car; tea 짜다 salty; squeeze, wring out, press
작가 writer 작다 small 착 good
잔 cup 찬 food (반찬); praise 짠물 saltwater
잠 sleep; 잠그다 to lock 참새 sparrow 짬뽕 jjambong soup
장어 eel; soy sauce 간장 창문 window; sing 짱 best, super, very
재 ash (담뱃재, 화산재); talent, skill 채 vegetable; 파리채 flyswatter 째다 cut, lance, incise
저녁 dinner 처방 prescription -
전 pancake 천 thousand, ₩1000; sky, heaven; -
정 a well; 정자 pavilion; 청바지 blue jeans -
제비a swallow; 체리 cherry; 체 strainer -
조개 clam 초 candle; vinegar; grass;초록색 green, verdant -
종 (종소리) bell 총 gun, e.g., 물총 -
존 John; zone; 존경 respect, admiration 촌 village -
죄 crime, guilt, sin 최 most -
주 liquor 추: 고추; 추다 dance; 추석 -
쥐 mouse, rat 취나물 ligularia; 취~ drunk -
지네 centipede 치타 cheetah 찌다 gain weight, fatten



19

카레 curry
room, chamber, partition, train car
knife
캄캄하다 very dark, pitch-black캄보디아 Cambodia
캐나다 Canada캐다 dig into/up, unearth; probe, pry, inquire (pej.)
-
-


커피 coffee; 커닝 cheating; > 크다; 커브 (road) curve) 시커멓다 jet black
컴퓨타
cup
(hair)cut; illustration, artwork; -컷animal gender
-
켜다 switch, turn on
-


nose; 코끼리 elephant
콘도르 condor, vulture
prick, poke, sting (콕+찌르다, 쏘다, 쪼다)
-ish (esp. flavor)
코-, e.g., 콧구멍 a nostril
soybean; 콩나물 bean sprouts
roughly, violently, strongly
pleasant, refreshing (快), e.g., 상쾌~ fresh, refreshing
-
-


쿠키 cookie
-
-
-
-


크다 large, grow; 크기 size, volume
big


key; rudder, helm, steering; (one’s) height 키우다 raise, rear, bread (동물, 식물, 人)


20

타자 (기) typing (typewriter); 타다 ride, board, take; burn, blaze, be on fire; be sensitive to; mix (up), add; split others (他); hit
탁자 table;
탄 coal, briqueete; 탄소 carbon; bullet, spring; coal; be born
escape, take off (脫 tuō)
수탉 rooster, 암탉 hen
search, spy (探 tàn)
탓 reason, fault, blame; 은/는 탓에 due to (adversative)
soup, hot water
태몽 pregnancy dream; 태 great(est), large; attitude; pregnant태우다 give a ride; burn
taxi (택시); 택~ choose, select, pick (out), option, alternative (擇 zé); residence (宅 zhái), 택배
태-, e.g., 탯줄 umbilical cord
-
-


site, place (e.g., 빵굼티);(...할) 터이다 intention, intend, expect;터지다 explode; break out
chin
wool, fur, hair 털다 dust, brush (off/down) (e.g., furniture); empty; rob, steal, burglarize
텃밭 family / veg. garden
테니스 tennis
텐트 tent; 텐데(요) should (conjecture, expectation)
텔레비전
-
-


토마토 tomato; 토끼 rabbit; 토 soil, land; discuss; 토하다 vomit
saw
can, box, tub, tube; 통~ go thru, circulate, communicate, conduct (通); -통해 via, thru; 통 pain, intense; whole, bulk
-
-
retreat, leave (退 tuì)
-



투표 ballot, vote; 사투리 dialect;
fight, struggle, condemn, contend, put together (鬥, 鬪, 斗 dòu); throw, send, invest (投 tóu); cover, wrap; penetrate, thru, appear (透 tòu) →
투명~ opaque; uncertain, unclear, ambiguous
-
-
튀다 spatter, splash, splatter; bounce; 튀기다 fry, pop; 튀김
-



트다 bud, sprout, germinate; be/get chapped; dawn; open, meet (kennen­-lernen) 트루트 trot music
튼튼하다 strong, sturdy
special
chapped, e.g., 튼손
틀다 twist, turn; 틀리다 be mistaken, wrong, incorrect, error; 틀림 mistake, error, fault, discrepancy틀림없다 sure, certainframe, pattern, mold; shape, outline
a crack, gap, break, crevice; (spare) time; chance, opportunity
-


티셔츠 T-shirt; particle, (speck of) dust, dirt; flaw, defect



21

green onion; 파리 fly; 파란 blue/greento break; a wave; branch 파다 dig, excavate, burrow; carve
판다 panda;판 board, plank (판자); printing; sell; judge; (k) place, situation
arm; eight; 팔다 sell
(dry farm) field; 豆沙
badge, signboard, tablet; 패다 break (wood) to pieces, chop, split, beat; be dug or hollowed out 패하다 lose, be defeated
around, circling, (going) about; swelling (zh)
-
-


퍼센트 percent; 퍼지다 spread out, widen, broaden, propagate, prevail, multiply (abstract, non-tangible things, e.g., rumor, smell)
펭귄 penguin
펴다 unfold, spread, lay out, open, straighten, press, smooth (out) (e.g., paper, wrinkles), stretch (out), extend
편지 letter;slice, piece, mail (片); side; means;편~ convenient, comfortable, relaxed;
펼치다 open, unfold, stretch out, spread (e.g., wings) 펼쳐지다 spread, be held, lie open
flat, even; peaceful, ordinary;critique, assess(ment), evaluation, criticism
lung; to close, closed; abolish(ed);



wrap; 포도; dried meat/fish slices; gun, cannon; 포기다 give up, abandon
explode
-
-
-
ticket; chart; surface; manifest; 표현~ express, show


푸다 scoop, ladle, spoon (out/up)
푹발~ explode, busrt; 푹 sinking deeply, stuck; thorough(ly), hard, thru, completely, entirely, fast, soundly, deep(ly), sharply
grass; paste, starch, glue 풀다 untie, undo, untangle, unfasten, unpack; unbutton, open, unwrap; relax, loosen, unwind; solve; resolve; release, lift, remove; send out; (코를) blow one’s nose
풋- unripe, green (e.g., 풋고추)
goods, article; grade
wind; scenery; customs;
-
-
-
-


아프다 sick, painful; 플랑스 France


blood; skin; avoid, escape 피다 bloom, blossom; spread (by flattening), straighten, flatten; open (book)
necessary; certainly, inevitably;pen, writing (笔, 筆)



22

하마 hippopotamus; 하모니카 harmonica; 下; 河 river (hé); 하늘 sky
韓; 漢; one, same
cut, divide (割 gē)
핥다 lick
small box, case (割 hé)
unite, join, together; union
port, harbor
sun, sunlight; year; harm, damage, injury (害); sea, ocean
nucleus, pit, stone; (核 hé)
go, act, way; row, series (行 háng)fortune; to face; province, hometown
-
fragrance, fragrant; 향~, 향해 face, facing, bound for
-


permit, permission; empty, vain 허리 waist, lower back
constitution; to offer; (k) used, old; 헌금 offering, collection (church)
시험 examine, test; 험하다 rough, tough, rugged, hard, dangerous, perilous; sly, wily, underhanded; foul-mouthed
헐다 (clothes) wear out; demolish, tear down; 헐렁하다 loose, loose-fitting, baggy
헛개 (tea of) oriental raisin tree (hovenia dulcis)
헤게모니 hegemony; 헤지펀드 hedge fund; 헤매다 wander, roam
헷갈리다 be confused
헹구다 wash, rinse
tongue (舌 shé?)
leather
now, current; appear
blood;
harmony, union
threaten; assist, jointly
shape, form; model, type; 兄 elder brother
혜성 comet



호두 walnut; 호랑이 tiger; number; good; call, exhale; 혹lump, bump; severe; confuse (惑 huò); 가혹~ severe, harsh
marriage; mix, confused; 혼자
hall; 홀로 single, alone
홍고추 red chili pepper; red
fire, anger; flower; picture, drawing; talk, story; harmony, peace; change; -(iz)ation
check, confirm; certain; correct, real, true, authentic (確 què); enlarge확인 confirm; 확고~ firm(ness), determination, solid, unwavering
exchange; return; suffer (from), contract (illness) (患huàn)환대 hospitality, warm, cordial 환하다 light, bright (e.g., daytime), radiant; clear, open

활|| live, lively, alive; 활짝 wide (open), in full bloom/blossom

emperor; huge; desolate; situation; sulfur; yellow (黃), e.g., 황사
perch > 횃대
suddenly, quickly, vigorously, w/ a jerk
meeting, gather; return; 회색 gray
계획plan,