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Vowels and consonants are called segmentals - individual sounds into which words can be segmented. Phonemes are general sound categories that are distinctive in the language; e.g., /b/ and /p/ are considered different sounds in English, since bat is a distinctly different word from pat.

1 Phonemes

1.1 Wiki pages

1.2 Links / PDFs

2 Consonants

2.1 Wiki pages

2.2 Links / PDFs

3 Vowels

3.1 Wiki pages

3.2 Links / PDFs

4 Consonant - vowel interactions and morphology

4.1 Wiki pages

4.2 Links/PDFs

Morphology refers to word formation, e.g., by means of prefixes and suffixes; these often involve pronunciation changes and variant forms, such as multiple pronunciations of -ed and plural -s.